the syrian refugee catastrophe

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  • The Syrian Refugee

    CatastropheApril 2, 2016 sarabiany.com

  • 2

    death is a risk I was willing to take so I could live.

    Photo: Yannis Behrakis/ReutersCover Photo: sarabiany.com

    http://sarabiany.com

  • 3

    of Syrias population has been displaced since 2011

    1/2

  • 4

    As if

    160 million Americans

    had to flee their homes past 5 years

  • 5

    160 Katrinas

    http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0912/p01s01-ussc.html

    http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0912/p01s01-ussc.html

  • 6

    4,812,851UNHCR registered refugees

    As of March 16 2016: http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

    http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

  • 7

    6+ million Internally DisplacedMarch 2016: http://www.unocha.org/syria Photo: sarabiany.com

    http://www.unocha.org/syriahttp://sarabiany.com

  • 8

    6+ million Internally Displaced

    Photo: sarabiany.comMarch 2016: http://www.unocha.org/syria

    http://sarabiany.comhttp://www.unocha.org/syria

  • 9

    Syria has become a country of poor people,

    with an estimated 4 in every 5 Syrians now living in poverty.

    UN Report 2015 http://bit.ly/1RVGaNU

    http://bit.ly/1RVGaNU

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    life expectancy has shrunk from

    76 to 56 years old

    UN Report 2015 http://bit.ly/1RVGaNU

    http://bit.ly/1RVGaNU

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    "has become the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era, yet the world is failing to meet the needs of refugees and the countries hosting them.

    - Antnio Guterres, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees

    August 2014 http://www.unhcr.org/53ff76c99.html

    http://www.unhcr.org/53ff76c99.html

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    This is not a natural disaster.

    This catastrophe is manmade.

  • 1345+ years of Assad family rule

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    45+years of Assad family rule

    absolute power sectarian, regional &

    business networks police state utter brutality, exemplified by

    Hama 82 massacre no independent civil society hand-off from father to son

    in 2000

  • 15

    March 2011: The people want

    Photo: Daraa March 2011

  • 16Photo: Homs, April 18, 2011

    The people want

  • 17

    The people want

    Photo: Homs, April 24 2011

  • 18Photo: Baniyas, May, 2011 http://bit.ly/230vWr8

    The people want

    http://bit.ly/230vWr8

  • 19Photo: Hama, July 22, 2011.AP

    The people want

  • 20Photo: Damascus, 2012

    The people want

  • 21Photo: Damascus, 2012

    The people want

  • 22Photo: Jobar, Damascus, 2012

    The people want

  • 23

    We will sit here. We call it a fight until the endThey should know when we suffer, we will not suffer alone. - Rami Makhlouf, May 2011 NY Times

    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/11/world/middleeast/11makhlouf.html

  • 24

    Assad or we burn the country The war in Syria was started to crush dissent.

  • 25

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    Mass detention & 'industrial scale' killing of detainees

    A painting for Abdulla Omari called Detainee

    https://www.hrw.org/report/2015/12/16/if-dead-could-speak/mass-deaths-and-torture-syrias-detention-facilities

  • 27

    In 2012-13, the fear of rape was the #1 reason Syrians fled the country.

    http://thebea.st/1Tsj4Ur

    http://thebea.st/1Tsj4Ur

  • 28http://sn4hr.org/blog/2015/06/16/8049/

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    Daily bombardment

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    Broken red lines, chemical weapons attacks

    https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/09/10/attacks-ghouta/analysis-alleged-use-chemical-weapons-syria

    https://www.hrw.org/report/2013/09/10/attacks-ghouta/analysis-alleged-use-chemical-weapons-syria

  • 31

    Starve until

    Submission

    Photo: Reuters, Yarmouk, 2014

  • 32

    Rebels & revolutionaries

    Assad regime & allies

    Kurdish groups

    Jabhat-Nusra (AQ)

    ISIS

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    5 Key Groupings

  • 33

    470,000 killed in 5+ Years

    February 2016: Syrian Centre for Policy Research

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    The ISIS advance in late 2014 added

    to an already desperate situation

    Photo Reuters: http://bit.ly/1TukFcB

    http://bit.ly/1TukFcB

  • 41

    Russian intervention in the fall resulted in another spike of displaced Syrians

    Photograph: Ghaith Omran/AFP/Getty Images

    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/15/airstrike-destroys-msf-clinic-northern-syria

  • 42

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    Systematic sectarian massacres + rape campaigns

    Air bombardment

    ISIS advance

    Russian intervention

    European exodus

  • 44

    The catastrophe didnt make international headlines

  • 45

    Until

  • 46

    image of refugees in europe

  • 47

    Worst catastrophe since WW2

  • 48

    Migrant is not a Refugee

  • 49

    935,008asylum seekers in Europe

    http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

    http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

  • 50

    What has been the response in North America?

  • 51

    " accepting 25,000 Syrian refugees does right by both the safety of

    Canadians and by the values that define us as a nation."

    http://bit.ly/1ZV3kdj

    http://bit.ly/1ZV3kdj

  • 52

    Syrian refugees admitted to the US

    since 2011

    3,054military aged males who

    are unattached to families

    2%

    Source: U.S. State Department Refugee Processing Center Custom Report: http://bit.ly/1LoVa3p http://bzfd.it/1ZV15qv

    However, in the US

    http://bit.ly/1LoVa3phttp://bzfd.it/1ZV15qv

  • 53

    Last September, due to public pressure Obama increased the quota to 10k Syrians in 2016 (out of 85k)

    Photo: sarabiany.com

    http://sarabiany.com

  • 54

    Ten thousand is not even close to being commensurate with the massive scale of the Syrian refugee crisis, nor in

    line with this countrys historic global leadership in refugee resettlement"

    David Miliband, president and CEO

    http://www.rescue.org/blog/white-house-caps-refugee-arrivals-85000-irc-renews-call-us-resettle-100000-syrians-2016

  • 55

    Islamophobia

    Election Season Refugees

  • 56

    One of the goals of the ISIS Paris attacks was to provide cover for a bigoted response in Europe & the US towards vulnerable populations fleeing both the regime & ISIS.

    A fake Syrian passport was found lying nearby, left by the attackers.

    https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&sqi=2&ved=0ahUKEwi2_bO13PHLAhWJKiYKHc8-AHwQFggcMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2Flive%2Fparis-attacks-live-updates%2Fsyrian-passport-reportedly-was-stolen-or-fake%2F&usg=AFQjCNE5VLbdFLe71fjYmsvUwHw9fqcvOA&sig2=Zhb0WZgEbnPFEgvXYvhqmg&bvm=bv.118443451,d.eWE

  • 57

    Bush suggested a religious test for Syrian refugees to ensure that Muslims are kept out

  • 58

    Carsoncompared refugees to 'rabid' dogs

  • 59

    Cruz supported Governor rebellion to allow states to ban refugees

  • 60

    Trump said he would deport the refugees already here & ban Muslims

  • 61

    Rubio said we cant accept them and adjusted based on political rhetoric

  • 62

    Christie insisted that the U.S. not even accept 5-year-old orphans

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    Even when arriving in the US, life is difficult. resettlement support

    assimilation language

    commuting schools

    work daily supplies social network

  • 69

    Where are we today?

  • 70

    Where are we today?

    "We will not allow our assistance to be instrumentalized for a mass expulsion operation, and we refuse to be part of a system that has no regard for the humanitarian or protection needs of asylum seekers and migrants

    MSF on EU Plan

    Photo by Alexander Koerner/Getty Images

    http://www.vox.com/2016/3/23/11291612/eu-greece-refugee-inhumane

  • 71

    Where are we today?

    The US is lagging well behind the goal to accept 10,000 Syrian refugees by end of

    fiscal year October, and has only accepted ~1,200 in the past 6 months

    Photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reutershttp://bit.ly/1SvAef5

    http://bit.ly/1SvAef5

  • 72

    a whole generation is growing up in the camps of exile these children whove lost a father to shelling, a friends brother to bullets, a sisters husband to torture. When they grow

    up and realize that life is more than a refugee camp, that it isnt natural to lose

    everything to tyranny this generation will bear a culture of revenge and anger, and a

    permanent sense of injustice. - Activist Aziz Asaad, Guardian

    http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/nov/26/how-hip-hop-and-heavy-metal-are-waging-war-in-syria

  • 73

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    volunteer

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    educate

    @sarabiany sarabiany.comPhoto: sarabiany.com

    http://sarabiany.comhttp://sarabiany.com

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