the study of high speed trains in europe and experience for asean economic community

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: (HSR) 21 200 .. 2015 ASEAN ASEAN Economic Community AEC

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AEC (EU) AEC

1. 2. 3. 4. ASEAN

:1. 2. 3. 4. (Secondary data)

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1. 2. 3. 4. AEC (ASEAN Economic Community) a. ASEAN AEC 2 b. AEC 5.

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1. : 1) United Kingdom 2) Austria 3) Belgium 4) Bulgaria 5) Croatia 6) Czech Republic 7) Denmark 8) Finland 9) France 10) Germany 11) Greece 12) Ireland 13) Italy 14) Netherlands 15) Norway 16) Poland 17) Portugal 18) Russia 19) Spain 20) Sweden 21) Switzerland 22) Turkey 23) Ukraine

Trans-European high-speed rail network (TEN-R)

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1.1 1980 Trans-European High-speed Rail Network 1.2 Trans-European High-speed Rail Network European Union's Trans-European Transport Networks Council Directive 96/48/EC 23 1996 5 2010 Pyrenees EU Directive 1. 250 . / . 2. 200 . / . 3.

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1.3 4 1) Shinkansen 1964 1.067 1.435 2) TGV (Train Grande Vitesse) 1981 3) AVE (Alta Velocidad Espa1ola) HSR () 0.9 4.) ()

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(ICE) HSR

1.4 : EUROSTAR 1986 1988 1987 International Project Group TGV 1981 (Channel Tunnel) LGV Nord, French TGV technology 1993 Eurostar , -

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Eurostar 18 300 (186 ) TGV .. 2537 TGV(Train Grande Vitesse) 371 1 43 492 2 15 14 .. 2007 St.Pancras International Station Waterloo International Megaproject Economic Analysis of High Speed Rail in Europe Gines de Rus Main paper

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2. (HSR) HSR 1 Megaprojects 50100% 20-70%

crowding-out effect HSR crowding-out effect crowding out HSR ( HSR)

1

http://esd.mit.edu/wps/2011/esd-wp-2011-02.pdf

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(HSR) () Megalopolises

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2

...

(MJ/Seat Km) 0.47 0.34 1.80 0.22 0.53

HSR TGV 67% 40-45% TGV

2

CE Delft (2003)

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HSR Economy of Scale

HSR

HSR

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()

HSR

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3. (Externality) - - 10 Eurostar London Heathrow Charles de Gaulle 122 Eurostar 11 London Heathrow Brussels 160 1 Eurostar 36 YouGov poll 1,019 2 4 10(41%) Eurostar 39% 3% 6% Eurostar

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3

Eurostar 90% 2004 97.35% 76% Eurostar London Paris

3

http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/about_eurostar

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Eurostar 2007 71% 65% Eurostar Eurostar high speed train London-Paris Brussels - 2011 4.6 4.7 3% 404 Business-class 9% 421 6

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Eurostar 1995 2010 3

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(European Union: EU) 1 Visa 2010 Eurostar 9.5 Eurostar : 0 Comparative Advantage Eurostar

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2011 Eurostar 950,000 Eurostar 21% 500,000 Eurostar 4 :

4

http://www.railwayobserver.com/index.php/high-speed-systems/new-europe/549-eurostar-passenger-numbers-up-3-h12011

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160 Eurostar 35 450 (SDG 2004) 1 43 London Paris 492 2 15 2 . 35 2 .15 5

5

http://www.arunsawat.com http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/about_eurostar/press_release/press_archive_2006/14_11_2006_november_14_07 .jsp

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4. (ASEAN Economic Community-AEC) (ASEAN Economic Community-AEC) AEC "" (EU : European Union) high speed rail (Eurostar) AEC High Speed Rail (Eurostar) Eurostar

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Eurostar Paul Watkiss Associates and AEA Technology Environment 6 Eurostar 10 Eurostar Trip/mode Kg CO2 per passenger trip(return) London-Paris(return) Short-haul air(average)Heathow Eurostar London-Brussels(return) 122 10.9 168 11.0 gCO2 per passenger km

6

http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/travel_information/before_you_go/Green_Eurostar.jsp

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Short-haul air (average)Heathow Short-haul air(average)Gatwick Eurostar

160 222 18.3

219 322 24.3

Eurostar Tread Lightly Report 2009 7 Eurostar Solar Hydro-electric Eurostar High Speed Rail Rolling Stock 7

www eurostar.com/pdf/treadlightly/reports/treadlightlyreport_uk_uk.pdf.

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Eurostar () Eurostar 2

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()

Community Method

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Intergovernmental Method 8

organization

Intergovernmental Method organizationState1 State2 State3

State1

State2

State3

Equivalency status of Member State, Concept of International Law

Structure of Supra-National International Organization Idea

Community Method (EU)

(General International Organization)

(Eurostar)

8

thailawstudent.bizhat.com/EU-ASEAN.doc

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5. 2 3 HSR (Eurostar) (ASEAN Economic Community) EU EU AEC

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Main Paper : Gines de Rus(2009). Economic Analysis of High Speed Rail in Europe: Indirect and wider economic impact of high speed rail. Retrieved July 21, 2011, fromhttp://www.fbbva.es/TLFU/dat/inf_web_economic_analysis.pdf

: TEN-R (2552), , () :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-European_high-speed_rail_network. 29

2554Joseph Sussman(2011). Portuguese High Speed Rail network :Relating Financing to Strategic and Operating Issue, ( Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Retrieved from

http://esd.mit.edu/wps/2011/esd-wp-2011-02.pdfEurostar (2552), Eurostar, () :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurostar. 29 2554 Eurostar (2552), Eurostar, () : http://th.wikipedia.org/. 29 2554

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Eurostar (2552), Eurostar, () : http://th.wikipedia.org/. 29 2554 EU-ASEAN (2551), thailawstudent.bizhat.com/EUASEAN.doc Eurostar, Eurostar () http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/about_eurostar/press_release/press_archive_2006/14_11_2006_n ovember_14_07.jsp HSR, () http://www.railwayobserver.com/index.php/high-speedsystems/new-europe/549-eurostar-passenger-numbers-up-3-h1-2011 Eurostar, () http://www.eurostar.com/UK/uk/leisure/about_eurostar

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