the social representation of christian orthodox monasticism in contemporary russia

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The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary RussiaKsenia Medvedevaksenia-medvedeva@yandex.ruHigher School of EconomicsMoscow, Russia

the European Sociological Association the 12th Conference, Prague, 2015 See full text:https://goo.gl/nlxlAi

The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia1100000 copies in 2011

N of monasteries

sources2010-2014: public opinion polls by the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (n=1600, representative national surveys)2009: opinion poll by Irina Aster (n=500, St Petersburg and Leningrad region) 2011-2015: fieldwork in 4 monasteries2013: multimedia national contest Russia 10The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia

Russia 10: to select 10 new visual symbols of Russia by popular vote220 mln votes receivedSemi-final: 30 sites, including two monasteries Final: 10 sites, including the Holy Trinity St. Sergius Lavra (Moscow region)The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia

St. Sergius Lavra What role do monasteries play in contemporary society?

Lake Baikal (58%) Peterhof (48%) Mamayev Kurgan (46%)St Sergius Lavra (28%) Kizhi (25%)The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia

BaikalMamayev Kurgan PeterhofMoscow KremlinKizhiWhat natural sites and architecture monuments would you call the symbols of Russia?St Sergius Lavra (3%)Open-ended Q:

Lake Baikal (20%) (some) Kremlin (17%) Mamayev Kurgan (12%)Peterhof (11%) Moscow Kremlin (10%)Close-ended Q:

St Sergius Lavra: 3% vs. 28%passive vocabulary

The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary RussiaBoard game MonasteriesPreparation for a holiday

Passive cultural stock :Historical (time)Discursive (space), shrinking

come toescape from problems and bustle (19%) Moving away \ PushingComing to \ PullingThe social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary RussiaWhy do people become monks and move away to monasteries?

faith and beliefs (8%)be closer to God (6%)salvation of the soul (6%)vocation, desire of the soul, world outlook (5%)serving God (4%)spiritual search, the meaning of life (4%)solitude, tranquility (3%)their choice (3%)hopelessness, grief (2%)weak lonely people with psychological problems (2%)disappointment in life (2%)help people spiritually and pray for them (2%)Gods will (1%)

What do monks do?

The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia

Sociologist in the field, 2014Ora et labora 63%: monks save themselves and by this help other people (Orthodox 70%, other religions 49%)27%: monks turn in on themselves and are not able to help other people (non-believers 48%, other religions 40%)

Passive cultural stock (associated with history, extraordinary sphere)Pushing & Pulling motives A hard-working prayful monk that can help other people

The social representation of Christian Orthodox monasticism in contemporary Russia: conclusion

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