the six essential nutrients

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The Six Essential Nutrients. The Six Essential Nutrients. Carbohydrates Protein Fats Water Vitamins Minerals. Carbohydrates. Body’s Main Source of Energy Types=sugars, starches and fiber Sugars -used as a quick energy source (aka simple carbohydrates) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


The Six Essential Nutrients

The Six Essential Nutrients

The Six Essential NutrientsCarbohydratesProteinFatsWaterVitaminsMineralsCarbohydratesBodys Main Source of Energy

Types=sugars, starches and fiber

Sugars-used as a quick energy source (aka simple carbohydrates)

Starches-take longer for your body to use (aka complex carbohydrates)

Fiber- aids in digestionSources of CarbohydratesSugarsCandies, jellies, honey, milk, frostingStarchesFruits, vegetables, breads, pasta, beansFiberFruits, vegetables and grains

ProteinsYour skin, hair, nails, muscles, blood and other body tissues contain protein

Uses of proteinsProtein is needed for growth and repair of tissuesProtein is needed to control body processes such as blood circulation, breathing and digestionProtein acts as a source of energyWhat are proteins made of?AMINO ACIDSComplete versus incomplete proteinsCompleteHave all the essential amino acidsSources of complete proteins come from animals include meat, fish, poultry, cheese, eggs, milkIncompleteDo not have all the essential amino acidsIncomplete proteins come from plant sources including beans, peas, nuts and seedsIncomplete proteins can be mixed together to make complete proteins FatsConcentrated source of energy from animals or plantsNeeded to keep body functioning properlyCarry fat soluble vitaminsInsulate and protect vital organs, and keeps you warm

Sources of fatsButterMargarineMeatsCheeseSalad DressingSnacksDessert Foods

You need some fats, but eating too much causes weight gain and health problems.q2Cholesterol comes from animal food sources. Too much cholesterol can lead to heart diseaseVitaminsSubstances needed for growth and maintenanceHelp regulate chemical processesHelp your body store and use energyTry to get the vitamins you need from foods instead of supplements Fat Soluble and Water SolubleMIneralsNutrient needed for a healthy bodyHelp to regulate bodys activitiesHelp muscles contractHelp nerves transmit signals to and from the brainMaintain bodys water balanceStrengthens bones and teeth

Trace Minerals-minerals found in small amounts in the body

WaterSingle most important substance you take into your bodyYou can only survive a few days without waterAbout 2/3 of your body is made up of waterWater carries nutrients into cells, carries wastes out of your body, aids in digestion, regulates internal body temperatureYou need about 8 glasses of water each day


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