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  • The Sandwich Generation:Work/Life Balance of Child and Elder Caregiving

    Work/Life balance: ..healthy work environments that value people and support personal life and family issues. The Alliance for Work-Life Progress, 2003

    Module #14

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging IntroductionsNameWho you care for over age 60Number and age of children you care forWhat are your expectations today?

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Overview/Learning Objectives Through this workshop you will be able toIdentify statistics and demographics related to child and elder care.Identify strategies to balance work and life challenges.Know community and internet resources.Develop a plan.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Demographics, Statistics and Issues of the Sandwich Generation

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Post staff meeting in the hallway between co-workers: What a meeting, huh? What a day.no, what a year! I got back to my desk and my mom had called to ask if I could pick up her medicine this afternoon on my way home. But thats a problem because I have to pick my son up from school after his SAT study group. Then I would have to backtrack to the pharmacy. Her church is great about checking on her and helping out when they can but this is just not something they can help her with.

    Does This Sound Familiar?

  • Area Agency On Aging Or This?You are on a business trip and get a call from your mother. She tells you that she hasnt been feeling well for a few weeks and needs to get to the doctor. Of course you cant take her. You hastily arrange for a neighbor to take her, but this one visit spirals upward to a series of tests and visits, that ultimately forces you to return from your trip early. You are in a car pool with other parents to get your two school age children back and forth to school each day. While you are on your business trip your spouse, who also works, is flexing time so that your week of car pooling is covered.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Demographics 44% of Americans between the ages of 45 and 55 have aging parents or in-laws as well as children under 21. The Sandwich Generation phenomenon.59%-75% of family or informal caregivers are women.The average caregiver is age 46, female, married and working outside the home earning an annual income of $35,000 per year.Nearly half of all baby boomers aged 45-55 have children still living at home and elder care responsibilities.64% of caregivers are employed full-time or part-time.More than 14 million US workers care for aging family members.Fastest growing population group is older Americans.Most rapid population growth is among people 85+ with the majority being females.An estimated 7 to 10 million adult children are caring for their parents from a long distance.Nearly two-thirds of Americans under age 60 think they will have elder care responsibilities in the next ten years.

  • Elder Caregiver Statistical Profile

    61% elder caregivers are between the ages of 18 and 49.Typical caregiver is a married woman in her mid-forties.Provides an average of 18 hours/week of caregiving.Works full-time.Lives near the care recipient.Has an annual household income of approximately $35,000.

  • Area Agency On Aging

    One of the biggest dilemmas for people in the field of caregiving and for grassroots organizations has been how to reach family caregivers. The majority of family caregivers dont self-identify. They don't know that they are caregivers.

    Survey on Caregiver Self-Identification, 2001 National Family Caregivers Association nfca.org Who, me? Im not a caregiver.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Elder CaregiverDriving to and from doctor and other health care appointments.Communicating with health care professionals.Contacting or helping someone communicate with community service organizations such as the Area Agency on Aging or the Alzheimers Association.Assisting someone to pay their bills.You are an elder caregiver if you help someone who cannot or is limited from doing any of these things for themselves.Helping someone clean their home or arranging for housecleaning.Assisting someone or arranging for home repairs.Arranging for or helping someone to arrange for Meals on Wheels.Helping arrange for home health care or hospice services.

    __________ Caregiver Continuum

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging American Society on Aging, 2000 The vast majority of long-term care is provided informally and privately, at no public cost.

    Research has shown a marked increase in the number of sons who are primary or co-caregivers in the last 3-5 years.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Gender and Realities of Working Families73% of all family elder caregivers are women with an increasing number of sons involved in caregiving. Research shows that fathers and sons are taking an increased role in caregiving.Less than 25% of new mothers leave the paid labor force for a substantial period after childbirth.63% percent of women with children under age six are in the labor force, and 78% of women with children 6-17 are in the labor force.25%, 14 million, of all U.S. households with children are headed by women alone.4.2 million were below the poverty level which represents 34.6% of all families with female householders.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Caregiving Trends of the Future

    Continued increase in prevalence of caregiving for American families.Increasing numbers of working caregivers.Increase in male caregivers.Increase in long-distance caregivers.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Time and MoneyTIME: Average length of time spent on caregiving was about eight years, with about one-third of the respondents providing care for 10 or more years. MONEY: Almost all respondents reported helping the care recipient with some expenses, most frequently with food, transportation, or medications. On average, caregivers helped with expenses for two to six years and spent a total of $19,525 in out-of-pocket expenses.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Caught in the MiddleMost women will spend 17 years caring for children and 18 years helping an elderly parent. 89% percent of all women over age 18 will be caregivers to children, parents or both.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging The Adult Child and the Family 2, 3Relatively new phenomenon of adults balancing three major responsibilities.Raising their own children.Leading their own lives, including full time jobs.Helping their aged parents.Significant number of families are three and four generation families.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Time Calculator

    Including travel time write down and total for one week (168 hours per week):Average hours sleep = ___Average hours work per week = ___Average hours spent with your children = ___Average hours spent with your older relative(s) = ___Total Number of Hours____Note: do not duplicate any of these hours *i.e., hours spent with children and elders together

  • Area Agency On Aging Workplace and Business Impact

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Business Impact of Elder Caregiving MetLife Mature Market Institute, National Alliance for Caregiving, and the National Center on Women and Aging, 1999, The MetLife Juggling Act Study: Balancing Caregiving with Work and the Costs Involved. US businesses have lost between $11.4 billion and $33 billion in retention, absenteeism and productivity due to elder caregiving.Estimated the national economic value of informal caregiving in 1997 = $196 billion, equivalent to about 18 percent of total national health care spending ($1.1 trillion in 1997). Elder caregiving impacts an employees ability to work and to advance their career:11% of caregivers took a leave of absence.7% reduced their work hours.3% turned down a promotion.10% took early retirement or quit their jobs.According to National Center for Women and Aging the average caregiver will lose over $600,000 in wages, pensions and Social Security Benefits over a lifetime.

  • Area Agency On Aging Business Impact of Elder Caregiving (contd)Late arrivals and/or early departures from work.Lost hours of work.Missed days of work due to caregiving responsibilities.Work interruptions.High incidence of need to take unpaid leave of absences.On-the-job accidents and mistakes (i.e., workers comp claims).

    Primarily because of care giving responsibilities,Women average 11.5 years out of the paid labor force andMen average 1.3 years.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Deferred promotions and/or re-locations.Reduced personal productivity.Replacement costs (recruitment and retention issues).Supervisory Costs (indirect expense).

    For 17% of working caregivers, the demands are so intense they give up work entirely or take a leave of absence in order to provide the care their family members require.

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Work Strategies

    Area Agency On Aging

  • Area Agency On Aging Company Benefits and PoliciesKnow what your company offers:Know your company benefits.Read related policy materials.Talk to your human resources department.*Learn about FMLA (Family Medical Leave Act). Use Employee Assistance Program (EAP) benefits.FMLA entitles eligible workers a maximum of 12 weeks a year of unpaid leave without loss of job security or health benefits. There are a variety of restrictions such as company size and the amount of time the worker has been employed.

    Area