The Renaissance - Mr. O's World History I wi vs. Medieval Medieval art and literature focused on the ... the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe. Art and Literature changed as

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<ul><li><p>The RenaissanceTHE END</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Vocabulary Power 1. Renaissance- Rebirth--- period of the expansion of classical knowledge from Greece and Rome </p><p>2. Usury- practice of charging interest on loans </p><p>3. Interest- charge for borrowing money</p><p>4. Secularize- everything of the world not dealing with religion </p><p>5. Florence, Genoa, Venice- north Italian city- states.</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Vocabulary Power</p><p>6. Machiavelli- Italian who wrote The Prince outlining how rulers should run their government.-- Absolute Power</p><p>7. Treatise- an article or book on a subject</p><p>8. Leonardo Da Vinci- painter who created The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa *** Known as the Renaissance Man</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Vocabulary Power</p><p>9. Michelangelo- Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David </p><p>10. Petrarch- Renaissance writer that wrote poetry called sonnets and humanist</p><p>11. Humanism- Intellectual movement that focused on the individual and worldly matters rather than religious.</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Vocabulary Power</p><p>12. Patron- financial supporter of the arts </p><p>13. Erasmus- Author who wrote The Praise of Folly</p><p>14. Thomas More- Wrote Utopia about an ideal place of peace-loving people </p><p>16. Moveable Type Printing Press- Invented by Joahann Gutenburg helped spread Renaissance ideas</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Economic Foundations of the Renaissance</p><p>The Crusades stimulated trade by introducing Europeans to many desirable products</p><p>Trade promoted frequent contacts with the Byzantine and Muslim Empires</p><p>New economic institutions developed</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Economic Effects of the Crusades</p><p>Increased demand for Middle Eastern products</p><p>Stimulated production of goods to trade in Middle Eastern markets</p><p>Encouraged the use of credit and banking</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Important Economic Concepts of the Renaissance</p><p>Church rule against usury and the banks practice of charging interest helped to secularize northern Italy.</p><p>Letters of credit served to expand the supply of money and expand trade</p><p>New accounting and bookkeeping practices (use of Arabic numerals) were introduced</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Wealth of Italian City-States and Machiavelli </p><p>Wealth accumulated from European trade with the Middle East led to the rise of Italian city-states. Wealthy merchants were active civic leaders. </p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Florence, Venice and Genoa</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Florence, Venice, Genoa</p><p>Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets</p><p>Served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe</p><p>Were initially independent city states governed as republics</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Machiavellis The Prince</p><p>An early modern treatise (writing) on government</p><p>Supported absolute power of the ruler</p><p>Maintains that the end justifies the means</p><p>Advises that one should do good if possible, but do evil when necessary</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Ideas of the Renaissance</p><p>The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature</p><p>Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works which glorified city states in northern Italy.</p><p>Education became increasingly secular</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Renaissance vs. Medieval</p><p>Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation</p><p>Renaissance art and literature focused on individual and worldly matters, along with Christianity </p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Medieval ArtRenaissance Art</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Artistic and Literary CreativityLeonardo Da </p><p>Vinci</p><p>The Last Supper</p><p>Mona Lisa</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Artistic</p><p>Michelangelo</p><p>Sistine Chapel Celing</p><p>David</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Literature</p><p>Petrarch created sonnets, epic poetry, scholarly prose, and was a humanist</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Humanism</p><p>Celebrated the individual</p><p>Stimulated the study of Greek and Roman literature and culture</p><p>Was supported by wealthy patrons</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Northern Renaissance</p><p>With the rise of trade, travel, and literacy, the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe. Art and Literature changed as people of different cultures adopted Renaissance ideas</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Italian Renaissance Spreads North</p><p>Growing wealth in Northern Europe supported Renaissance ideas</p><p>Northern Renaissance thinkers merged humanist ideas with Christianity</p><p>The moveable type printing press invented by Johann Gutenberg and the production and sale of books (Gutenberg Bible) helped disseminate ideas.</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Printing Press</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li><li><p>Erasmus- wrote The Praise of Folly (1511)- made fun of the people during the time (greedy merchants, arrogant priests, foolish scholars)</p><p>Sir Thomas More- Utopia- an ideal place of peace loving people (1516)</p><p>Northern Renaissance artists portrayed religious and secular subjects</p><p>Tuesday, March 26, 2013</p></li></ul>


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