The Renaissance Major Characteristics. Renaissance What: An age of recovery that saw a re- birth of classical culture from ancient Greece and Rome.

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  • The RenaissanceMajor Characteristics

  • RenaissanceWhat: An age of recovery that saw a re-birth of classical culture from ancient Greece and Rome

  • RenaissanceWhen: Started in the late 14th century and extended into the early 16th century

  • RenaissanceWhere: Began in the Italian city-states before spreading to northern and western Europe

  • RenaissanceWho: Elite phenomenon that had only an indirect impact on the great mass of society

  • RenaissanceHow: This new urban society emerged out of the growing wealth from trade that promoted a new spirit for enjoying more worldly things (growth in secularism & individualism)

  • RenaissanceWhy:Growing corruption and weakness of the ChurchIncreasing recovery from the dismal 14th centuryDiscovery of the ancient classicsSpread of printing

  • RenaissanceHistorical significance:Promoted a new worldview that emphasized individual ability and worldly accomplishments

  • Effects of the RenaissanceHumanismA form of education and culture based on the study of the classics of ancient Rome & Greece (Petrarch)Program revolved around the Liberal Arts grammar, rhetoric, poetry, ethics, & historyThis was often seen as something that should be shared with the broader community in the sense of a civic duty to serve the city-state (Italian)An underlying belief in the educatibility of all human beings (education was key to true freedom in that it allowed people to achieve their full potential)

  • Effects of the RenaissanceDevelopment of Vernacular LanguagesImpact of PrintingDeveloped during this time periodJohannes Gutenberg and moveable type (between 1445 and 1450)Quickly became one of the largest industries in EuropeEncouraged scholarly learning and research, sharing of research, expanded literacy

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