the renaissance 1450 -1527

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The Renaissance 1450 -1527. Humanism: a Movable Feast. Why is the Renaissance considered a “movable feast”?. Beginnings: 1340-1450 -experimentation Height : 1450 -1517 - creation of a new society Northern Renaissance: 1517-1700 - diffusion of Renaissance ideals throughout. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


The Renaissance 1450-1527

The Renaissance1450-1527

Humanism: a Movable FeastWhy is the Renaissance considered a movable feast?

Beginnings: 1340-1450 -experimentationHeight: 1450-1517 - creation of a new societyNorthern Renaissance: 1517-1700 - diffusion of Renaissance ideals throughout

What was Italy in the 15-16C?Many city states and kingdomsWhile still mostly rural, the Italian peninsula was the most urbanized place in EuropeCondottieri (military leaders) and diplomats were the regulators of the balance of powerTrade continued throughout the Middle ages

Why Italy?Continuous trade with the Mediterranean world during the Middle AgesLegacy of Romes glory and civic prideCommercial classes in city states emerge as a vibrant force, patronize artGreek scholars flee there after 1453

Continuity and Changein Renaissance SocietyBefore:Agriculture and rural society predominateFamily relationships most importantImportance of the church in daily lifePatriarchyDisparity rich/ poor/small middle classShort life expectancyAfter:Revival of citiesMore consumer goods available to allMore luxury goods available to someExpectation of a better SOL for future generations emergesBeginning of the bourgeoisie (=middle class)

Classical humanism in artRevered both secular and sacred subjectsUsed Greek and Roman art as modelsHeightened awareness of individualism, beauty, the dignity of manRequired the support of wealthy patronsUsed the human form as a metaphor for the potential and power of the human mindRenaissance Humanism Had respect for Classical civilizationBeauty of human mind and bodyCivic virtue (virtu) and goodnessEmphasis on the here and now (the present)Power of individual to improve and excelLiberal arts educationIntellectual curiosity encouragedAll about being well rounded and balanced

Renaissance IdealsIndividualismGrowing secularismMaterialismSprezzatura: with easeWider horizonsExpectation of a better life in this world for future generationsHumans have power

From Leonardo da Vincis notebook ^Renaissance Painting: Creating NaturalismProportionalityHumanistic subject matterMeticulous observation of what occurs in naturePerspective to create 3 dimensional art

Renaissance techniquesSfumato: allowing tones and colors to shade into one anotherChirascurro: light and shadowNaturalismMathematical perspective

The Trinity by Masaccio

Raphael:School of Athens

Draws your eyes to a place in the painting.


An Old Man and his Grandson

By: Domenico GhirlandaioCivic humanism

Classics: Alessandro Botticellis Birth of Venus (1485)

The Ambassadors by Hans Holbein

Sir Thomas MorePainted by Hans HolbeinChristian Humanist of England

ObjectiveStudies of Nature andObjects

The Hare by Albrecht Durer

David by Michelangelo

1501-1504,FlorenceNorthern Renaissance

Emphasis on Christian Humanism and pietyPhotographic-like naturalismNature and bible themes

Humanistic Art, Christian Subject MatterThe value of the individual as represented through portraitureWHY is this IMPORTANT?!Ideals still accepted todayRespect for dignity of the individual and libertyScience replaces faith as source of material knowledgeExpectation of a decent standard of living and growth of middle classDiplomacy and balance of power deployed

What a piece of work is man, how noble in reason, how infinite in faculties, in form and moving how express and admirable-William Shakespeare, Hamlet

Tableau ActivityA group of motionless figures representing a scene from a story or from history (i.e. civic virtue/dignity)PerspectiveNaturalism/Power of individualBeauty of human mind and bodyLiberal arts educationWealth



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