the reform movements. civil rights & immigration

Download The Reform Movements. Civil Rights & Immigration

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  • Slide 1
  • The Reform Movements
  • Slide 2
  • Civil Rights & Immigration
  • Slide 3
  • The Jim Crow South After Reconstruction, most of the newly won freedoms of African Americans began to disappear. This systemic discrimination was called Jim Crow (after a minstrel song-and-dance). Jim Crow laws began in the South and had spread throughout the country by 1900 Dominating every aspect of life for African Americans.
  • Slide 4
  • The Effects of Jim Crow Voting Restrictionspoll taxes, literacy tests, etc. Segregationschools, parks, public buildings, hospitals, transportation systems, etc. Random Violencelynching of suspected criminals. Mass Migrationmany Africans move north, seeking to escape discriminationcausing race riots in major cities.
  • Slide 5
  • Plessy v. Ferguson Was the upholding of the Jim Crow laws by the Supreme Court. The case arose when Octoroon Homer Plessy was refused a seat on the Louisiana Public Railroad. The court held that segregation was legal as long as the separate facilities were equal Which led to the Separate but Equal standard for all public places. African American facilities were rarely (if ever) equal.
  • Slide 6
  • African American Resistance Booker T. Washington supported legal challenges to segregation and economic equalitycriticized for his quiet moderation. W.E.B. Duboisfounded the Niagara Movement, which called for full civil liberties and an end to racial discriminationargued that education was the key to equality. NAACPfounded in 1909 and became the main organizing force in the fight for civil rights. W.E.B. Dubois
  • Slide 7
  • Immigrants Between 1865 and 1920, 30 million immigrants arrived in the US Most came from northern Europe They traveled in steeragea large open area below deck. 70% came through New York Citys Ellis Island facilities (the Golden Door). Many were placed in quarantine upon arriving. Most settled in the Northeast, some went to western mining towns Only 2% settled in the South. In big cities, pay for immigrants was always very low.
  • Slide 8
  • Steerage Accommodations
  • Slide 9
  • Ellis Island, 1905
  • Slide 10
  • Ellis Island, Today
  • Slide 11
  • Ellis Island Processing Facilities
  • Slide 12
  • Rejected Ellis Island immigrants, waiting for deportation
  • Slide 13
  • An immigrant in quarantine
  • Slide 14
  • Nativism A political movement that sought to guarantee better treatment for native-born Americans And also promoted SUSPICION of immigrants. The American Protective Associationcalled for the teaching of American culture and English-only instruction in schools. Fought for the Chinese Exclusion act Supported forced literacy tests for immigrants. The biggest targets were immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and Asia.