the raven by: edgar allen poe first published in 1845

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  • Slide 1
  • The Raven By: Edgar Allen Poe First published in 1845
  • Slide 2
  • Stanza 1 Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. `'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door Only this, and nothing more.'.
  • Slide 3
  • One gloomy midnight, I was tired; so, I read some old books. I was almost asleep when I heard a gentle tapping at the door. It is likely a visitor, nothing else. Why is this set at midnight? It tells us of the darkness of the mans soul. He was reading to calm his soul. When he hears the tapping at the door, he tells himself that it is merely a visitor. It is not a ghost or spirit, it is not an apparition. His words suggest hope. Quaint: having an old-fashioned attractiveness or charm
  • Slide 4
  • Stanza 2 Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December, And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor. Eagerly I wished the morrow; - vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow - sorrow for the lost Lenore - For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore - Nameless here for evermore.
  • Slide 5
  • This happened in the cold sadness of December. The embers of the fire cast strange shadows on the floor. I wished the day would end; I took some books from the shelf. I wanted to read things that would make me forget my sadness. I was sad that Lenore was dead. She was beautiful and warm; but, she was dead. December suggests the end of something, perhaps the mans mental stability. December also suggests that a beginning is just around the corner (the New Year). Was this poem set on New Years Eve? He reads the books to take his mind off his depression. Lenore is nameless because there is no use in calling her name she can never respond. Surcease: (v.) to cease from some action; desist; to come to an end (n.) cessation; end
  • Slide 6
  • Stanza 3 And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain Thrilled me - filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before; So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating `'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door;- This it is, and nothing more,'
  • Slide 7
  • The purple curtains rustled; but, I was not scared. This was a new feeling, something other than sadness. To calm my heart, I repeat to myself, It is a visitor asking to come in. That is all; just a late- night visitor. He was glad to feel something other than sadness. His heart was racing. He had to calm down. He made a mantra to keep from going crazy. The man has begun his descent into madness.
  • Slide 8
  • Stanza 4 Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer, `Sir,' said I, `or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore; But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping, And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door, That I scarce was sure I heard you' - here I opened wide the door; - Darkness there, and nothing more.
  • Slide 9
  • I soon gained the courage to speak to the person who was knocking at my door. I am sorry I did not answer right away. I was falling asleep when you were knocking at the door. You knocked so softly that I was not sure if anyone were there. I opened the door and nobody was there. The man is somewhat scared, and he asks forgiveness from whomever was knocking at the door. He opens the door. This is like opening his soul to the potential for human contact; but, nobody is there. At this point, the man wants somebody to be at his door; otherwise, he is all alone.
  • Slide 10
  • Stanza 5 Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before But the silence was unbroken, and the darkness gave no token, And the only word there spoken was the whispered word, `Lenore! This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word, `Lenore!' Merely this and nothing more.
  • Slide 11
  • I looked down the hallway for a long time. I stood there wondering about many things: life, Lenore, love, and so on. I could not control my thoughts. The hallway was silent. I whispered Lenore and the echo returned her name to me. The man begins to lose control over himself. He cannot control his thoughts. He is consumed with the thought of Lenore. He hopes that it was Lenore who had come to see him. He softly calls her name, and he is satisfied when he hears it come back to him. Merely this and nothing more: this is not a simple episode. It is not merely anything. He is obsessed with Lenore. A knock at the door mesmerizes him with the thought that it could be Lenore.
  • Slide 12
  • Stanza 6 Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning, Soon again I heard a tapping somewhat louder than before. `Surely,' said I, `surely that is something at my window lattice; Let me see then, what thereat is, and this mystery explore - Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore; - 'Tis the wind and nothing more!'
  • Slide 13
  • I went back to my room; but, my heart was heavy. I soon heard tapping, slightly louder than before. It was coming from my window. Ill go see what it is. Ohits just the wind. His soul was burning because he was thinking of Lenore, hoping it was she at the door. He has to calm himself to open the door. He is sad that it is only the wind. It is an anti- climax. Thereat: at that place or time; there
  • Slide 14
  • Stanza 7 Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately raven of the saintly days of yore. Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he; But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door - Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door - Perched, and sat, and nothing more.
  • Slide 15
  • I opened the window shutters and a bird flew in. He did not stop to be welcomed, but walked in the room as if he were in a position of power. He then sat on top of the door frame, where an image of Pallas is mounted. He simply sat there. The man does not try to catch the bird or remove it. Perhaps he was glad for the company. A raven is a large black bird. It is often an omen of bad things to come, or a harbinger (foreshadower) of death. The raven acts as though he belongs there. He is meant to be there. In Greek mythology, Pallas was the goddess of wisdom. If the raven is above Pallas, it possesses wisdom greater than known wisdom. Obeisance: a movement of the body expressing deep respect or deferential courtesy, as before a superior; a bow, curtsy, or other similar gesture. Mien: air, bearing, or demeanor, as showing character, feeling, and so on.
  • Slide 16
  • Stanza 8 Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling, By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore, `Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou,' I said, `art sure no craven. Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from the nightly shore - Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Plutonian shore!' Quoth the raven, `Nevermore.'
  • Slide 17
  • The raven charmed me, and I began to smile. He appeared self-important and full of purpose. I said, You are obviously not a coward! You must have wandered here from the underworld. What is your name? The raven replied, Nevermore. The raven releases the tension in the mans life (for a short time). The raven amuses the man. The man suggests that the dark, ominous bird must have arrived from the underworld (the dark side) Surprisingly, the bird speaks. Eerily, it says only one word: nevermore. Beguiling: to distract ones attention from something; in this case, when the man saw the raven, he temporarily forgot about Lenore. Countenance: appearance; especially the look or expression of the face Craven: coward Quoth: an archaic verb; it means said, and is used with nouns, and with first- and third-person pronouns, and always placed before the subject. Plutonian: refers to the underworld; Pluto was the god of the underworld in Roman mythology.. Nevermore: never again.
  • Slide 18
  • Stanza 9 Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly, Though its answer little meaning - little relevancy bore; For we cannot help agreeing that no living human being Ever yet was blessed with seeing bird above his chamber door - Bird or beast above the sculptured bust above his chamber door, With such name as `Nevermore.'
  • Slide 19
  • I was amazed to hear a bird speaking! Unfortunately, its answer meant nothing. How exciting to be the first person to have a talking bird perched above his door! I am certainly the first person to have a bird named Nevermore do that! The birds appearance, confidence, and speaking-ability have amused the man.
  • Slide 20
  • Stanza 10 But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke only, That one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour. Nothing further then he uttered - not a feather then he fluttered - Till I scarcely more than muttered `Other friends have flown before - On the morrow will he leave me, as my hopes have flown before.' Then the bird said, `Nevermore.'
  • Slide 21
  • Its strange, but th


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