The Path to Enlightenment The Way of Siddhartha. 563 BC – Life of Siddhartha Gautama (1 st Buddha) 270 BC – Life of Indian King, Ashoka Spread Buddhism

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Siddhartha Gautama 600s BC the first Buddha Born the son of a prince in Nepal, but mother (who has a legendary dream) dies a week after his birth Prophecy after birth: He could take one of two paths A Great World Ruler A Great World Teacher His father ensured (because of the prophecy) that Siddhartha avoid exposure to suffering He married and had a son, was educated, and was trained to become a warrior One day, he disobeyed his father and left the family compound and saw Four Passing Sights Old Man (crooked and toothless) Sick Man (wasted by disease) Dead Man (corpse being taken to cremation) Holy Man (a wandering monk) At 30, he left his family in the middle of the night to seek answers to his questions Siddhartha starved himself in order to try to understand and answer the questions (it almost killed him, Starved Buddha) So, Siddhartha adopted a Middle Path (not indulgence but not starvation) Sat under a Bodhi Tree After a night of intense thinking, he reached Enlightenment or Awakening (Bodhi) He found that suffering was part of life, but there could be release Buddha one who is Enlightened He began teaching his 5 friends what he had learned At 80, he got food poisoning and died. He turned on his side (Reclining Buddha)