The Pacific Research Platform Two Years In

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The Pacific Research PlatformTwo Years In Welcome and Overview Talk to the Pacific Research Platform PRPv2 Workshop 2017University of California, San DiegoFebruary 21, 2017Dr. Larry SmarrDirector, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information TechnologyHarry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and EngineeringJacobs School of Engineering, UCSDhttp://lsmarr.calit2.net1


DOE ESnets Science DMZ: A Scalable Network Design Model for Optimizing Science Data TransfersA Science DMZ integrates 4 key concepts into a unified whole:A network architecture designed for high-performance applications, with the science network distinct from the general-purpose network

The use of dedicated systems as data transfer nodes (DTNs)

Performance measurement and network testing systems that are regularly used to characterize and troubleshoot the network

Security policies and enforcement mechanisms that are tailored for high performance science environments

Science DMZCoined 2010The DOE ESnet Science DMZ and the NSF Campus Bridging Taskforce Report Formed the Basis for the NSF Campus Cyberinfrastructure Network Infrastructure and Engineering (CC-NIE) Program


FIONAs and FIONettes Flash I/O Network Appliances Are DTNs:Linux PCs Optimized for DMZs over DistanceFIONAs Are Science DMZ Data Transfer Nodes (DTNs) &Also Compute/Visualization/ML NodesPhil Papadopoulos & Tom DeFantiJoe Keefe & John Graham

FIONAS40G, $8,000

FIONette1G, $1,000


The Pacific Research Platforms Second Year:a Working End-to-End Science-Driven DMZ-Connector

FIONAs as Uniform DTN End PointsNSF CC*DNI Grant$5M 10/2015-10/2020

PI: Larry Smarr, UC San Diego Calit2Co-Pis: Camille Crittenden, UC Berkeley CITRIS, Tom DeFanti, UC San Diego Calit2, Philip Papadopoulos, UCSD SDSC, Frank Wuerthwein, UCSD Physics and SDSC

PRP Continues to Expand Rapidly While Increasing Connectivity:One Year of Progress 12 Sites to 20 Sites

January 29, 2016

December 15, 2016 Connected 20 DMZs at 10G and 40G, demonstrating disk-to-disk GridFTP at ~7.5G and 12.5G respectively, and 900Mb at 1G

Many PRP Science Engagement Workshops Were Held in 2016PRP Workshop Held in Collaboration with UC-Wide Research IT May 1, 201645 AttendeesTen UC Campuses

See Talk by Camille Crittenden and Tom DeFanti

PRPs First 1.5 Years: Connecting Campus Application Teams and Devices

100 Gbps FIONA at UCSC Connects the UCSC Hyades Cluster to the NERSC Supercomputer at LBNL Supporting UCSC Remote Access to Large Data Subsets of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) and AGORA Galaxy Simulation DataProduced at NERSC.

250 images per night

800GB per night

See Talk by Shawfeng DongUCSC Feb 7, 2017

40G FIONAs20x40G PRP-connected

WAVE@UC San DiegoPRP Will Enable Distributed Virtual Reality


See Talk by Jeff Weekley

PRP Will Link the Laboratories of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center


The Second FIONette was Deployed at the PEER Facility at UC Berkeley, and its Performance is Being Monitored

John Graham Installing FIONette at PEER Feb 10, 2017

SIO Researchers Beginning to UseBig Data Networks (Prism, IDI, PRP)

Jules Jaffe - Microscope Off Scripps Pier

Frank Vernon - Expansion of HPWRENDan Cayan, Mike Dettinger Regional Downscaling of Climate Models

Scott Sellars, Marty RalphCenter for Western Weather and Water Extremes

PRP Backbone Sets Stage for 2017 Expansion of HPWREN, Connected to CENIC, into Orange and Riverside CountiesPRP CENIC 100G Link UCSD to SDSUDTN FIONAs EndpointsData Redundancy Disaster Recovery High Availability Network RedundancyAnchor to CENIC at UCIPRP FIONA Connects toCalREN-HPR NetworkData Replication SitePotential Future UCR CENIC Anchor

UCRUCIUCSDSDSUSource: Frank Vernon, Greg Hidley, UCSD

PacificCityNeptune Canada




Possible PRP 2017 Expansion to Include NSFs Ocean Observatory Initiative Fiber Optic SensorNets on Seafloor Off WashingtonTo PRP viaPacific WaveSea BottomElectro-optical Cable:8,000 Volts10 Gbps OpticsSlide Courtesy, John Delaney, UWash

John Delaney Visiting UCSDs SIO For Three Months in 2017

Axial Volcano140 Scientific Instruments

Being There - Remote Live High Definition Videoof Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents Hydrothermal Vent on Axial Seamount

1 Mile Below Sea Level

Picture Created From 40 HD Frames

14 Minutes Live HD VideoOn-Line Every 3 Hours15 feetSlide Courtesy, John Delaney, UWash

The Future of Supercomputing Will Blend Traditional HPC and Data Analytics Integrating Non-von Neumann ArchitecturesHigh Performance Computing Will Evolve Towards a Hybrid Model, Integrating Emerging Non-von Neumann Architectures, with Huge Potential in Pattern Recognition, Streaming Data Analysis, and Unpredictable New Applications.

Horst Simon, Deputy Director, U.S. Department of EnergysLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Calit2s Qualcomm Institute Has Established a Pattern Recognition Lab For Machine Learning on non-von Neumann Processors

Source: Dr. Dharmendra ModhaFounding Director, IBM Cognitive Computing GroupAugust 8, 2014

UCSD ECE Professor Ken Kreutz-Delgado Brings the IBM TrueNorth Chip to Start Calit2s Qualcomm Institute Pattern Recognition LaboratorySeptember 16, 2015

New Brain-Inspired Non-von Neumann Processors Are Emerging:KnuEdge Has Provided Processor to Calit2s PRL,31981.html

KnuEdge and Calit2 have worked together since the early days of the KnuEdge LambdaFabric processor, when key personnel and technology from UC San Diego provided the genesis for the first processor 6, 2016

Proposed Cognitive Hardware and Software EcosystemOn the Pacific Research PlatformWorking With 30 CSE Machine Learning ResearchersGoal is 320 Game GPUs in 32-40 FIONAs at 10 PRP CampusesPRP Couples FIONAs with GPUs into a Condor-Managed CloudPRP Access to Emerging ProcessorsIBM TrueNorth, KnuEdge, FPGA, and Qualcomm SnapdragonSoftware Including a Wide Range of Open ML Algorithms Metrics for Performance of Processors and Algorithms

Source: Tom DeFanti, Calit2Multiple Proposals Under Review

FIONA with 8-Game GPUs

Expanding to National Research Platform and Global Research PlatformVia CENIC/Pacific Wave, Internet2, and International Links

PRPs Current InternationalPartners

PRP TimelinePRPv1A Routed Layer 3 Architecture Tested, Measured, Optimized, With Multi-Domain Science DataBring Many Of Our Science Teams Up Each Community Thus Will Have Its Own Certificate-Based Access To its Specific Federated Data InfrastructurePRPv2Incorporating SDN/SDX, AutoGOLE / NSIAdvanced IPv6-Only Version with Robust Security Features e.g. Trusted Platform Module Hardware and SDN/SDX SoftwareSupport Rates up to 100Gb/s in Bursts and StreamsDevelop Means to Operate a Shared Federation of CachesCooperating Research Groups

Our Support:

US National Science Foundation (NSF) awards CNS 0821155 and CNS-1338192, CNS-1456638, ACI-1540112, and ACI-1541349University of California Office of the President CIOUCSD Chancellors Integrated Digital Infrastructure Program UCSD Next Generation Networking initiativeCalit2 and Calit2 Qualcomm InstituteCENIC, PacificWave and StarLightDOE ESnet