The Medieval Church. Church Authority Involved in spiritual and political matters Structure –Clergy –Pope –Bishops –Local priests.

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The Medieval ChurchChurch AuthorityInvolved in spiritual and political mattersStructureClergyPopeBishopsLocal priestsReligion as a Unifying ForceStable force during constant warfareSense of security and communityReligion was very importantChurch building served as a religious and social centerChurch JusticeProvided a unified set of beliefsCanon LawMarriageReligious practicesExcommunicationBanish from churchFreed kings vassalsInterdictHarshest punishment to kingNo religious services could be performed on the Kings landGermanic people adopt ChristianityFrankish rulers convert peopleMissionaries spread ideasMonasteries- religious communitiesChurch ReformProblems in the churchMarried with childrenLay investiture-kings or nobles could appoint religious officials Concordat of WormsOnly the church could give a bishop his power, but the emperor could veto a proposed bishopGothic architectureTallLight, filled with stained glassUsed flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, spiresAlmost 500 churches were built between 1170-1270Effect on Town$$$$pilgrimsArtSculpture, Woodcarvingsstained glassCathedralsCrusades - CausesPope Urban II issued a call for a Holy War crusade main goal was to gain control of the Holy Land and Jerusalem from MuslimsMotives:Quarrelsome knightsYounger sons and positionsReligious zealMerchants First and Second CrusadesBriefly conquered JerusalemDefeated by SaladinSaladinMuslim leaderThird Crusade 1187-1189Crusade of the Three KingsGoalLeaders:Philip AugustusFrederick IRichard the Lion-heartedRichard and SaladinTruceResults- still hostility betweenMuslims and Christians todayReconquista-SpainEffort to drive the Muslims from SpainLed by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella1492 all Jews and Muslims were expelled*

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