The Legacy of Ancient Greece How did Ancient Athens influence Western Democracy?

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  • The Legacy of Ancient GreeceHow did Ancient Athens influence Western Democracy?

  • Greek City-StatesAround 2000 BC, the Greeks established cities along the coastlineEach city was like its own country (City-States)Most Greek City-States had one of the following types of gov.1. MonarchyRuled by a king (absolute rule)Hereditary (born into/family)Power to rule comes from God Divine Right

    2. Aristocracy Ruled by rich, important families (nobles) Hereditary

    Power comes from wealth/status

  • History of Democracy Solon the ReformerAthens, most powerful city-state was an Aristocracy

    Landowners force farmers into slavery to pay debt Solon writes a law outlawing slavery based on debt3. Oligarchy/Tyranny Rule based on wealth, ability, or control of military If one powerful person gains control becomes tyranny Not hereditary

  • 2. Solon establishes citizenship based on four classes (wealth)Top three classes can hold public office, fourth class can only voteOnly free adult males born in Athens were citizens

    1/10 of Athenstotal populationAthens uses branches of Govt.Council of 500 = Executive BranchJury system = Judicial BranchCleisthenes allows 4th class to hold public office, leaders chosen by lottery (Council of 500)Pericles Pays people in govt, more Athenians can participate in governmentAthens becomes a direct democracy as citizens rule & make laws directlyAssembly of citizens = Legislative Br

  • Trial by Jury Athens StyleHow big were juries in Athens?How was a jury selected?What was the difference between a hollow and solid disk?Answer Question #1 on page 9Answer Question #2 on page 9


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