The Italian Revolution: The End of Politics, Italian Style?by Mark Gilbert

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<ul><li><p>The Italian Revolution: The End of Politics, Italian Style? by Mark GilbertReview by: Stanley HoffmannForeign Affairs, Vol. 74, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1995), pp. 128-129Published by: Council on Foreign RelationsStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20047414 .Accessed: 16/06/2014 06:52</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>Council on Foreign Relations is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to ForeignAffairs.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.174 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 06:52:29 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=cfrhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20047414?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Recent Books </p><p>transformation of Britain into a multira </p><p>cial "magpie" society in the 1950s. It is </p><p>quite a demolition job. </p><p>From the Boer War to the Cold War: Essays on </p><p>Twentieth-Century Europe, by a. j. </p><p>p. Taylor. New York: Penguin, 1995, </p><p>454 pp. $34.95. This collection of approximately 70 essays of varying lengths, including many book reviews and talks for the bbc, is a dazzling </p><p>display of Taylor s knack for incisive, </p><p>witty, and opinionated analysis and his </p><p>passion for understanding the motives </p><p>and foibles of statesmen. There are fine, </p><p>sympathetic treatments of Trotsky and </p><p>Roger Casement, excellent character </p><p>sketches of Balfour, Lloyd George, Bald </p><p>win, Bevin, and (above all) Churchill, and a disturbing lecture on British domestic </p><p>politics during the First World War. Hitler is described as having "had a depth and elaboration of evil all his own, as </p><p>though something primitive had emerged from the bowels of the earth." Taylor </p><p>emerges from this collection as a generous reviewer and a farsighted commentator: </p><p>in 1966 he wrote that "Communists would </p><p>like to be all the wicked things their </p><p>opponents say they are. They would like </p><p>to be subversive, unscrupulous, and ruth </p><p>less. In fact, they are only unsuccessful." </p><p>The Crisis of the Italian State: From the </p><p>Origins of the Cold War to the Fall of Berlusconi, by Patrick mccarthy. </p><p>New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995, 220 pp. $39.95. </p><p>This analysis of the crisis of Italy's parlia </p><p>mentary and party system by a learned </p><p>and thought-provoking professor of </p><p>European studies at The Johns Hopkins University Bologna Center provides an </p><p>account of the turbulent politics of </p><p>1992-94. That period saw the "revenge" of the magistrates against the clientelistic </p><p>political system set up by the Christian Democrats and their allies, the collapse of the Christian Democratic Party, and </p><p>the rise of Berlusconi's Forza Italia. But </p><p>McCarthy's ambitions go far beyond this: he tries to explain how the post-Mus solini system emerged, to throw light on the complex relations between the Vati </p><p>can (to which he attributes a decisive </p><p>influence) and the faction-ridden, Chris tian Democrats to show that the role of </p><p>the United States in Italian politics was less constraining than received opinion has it, and to examine the reasons for the </p><p>relative failure of the Italian Communist </p><p>Party. McCarthy has many shrewd things to say about the corruption of the state </p><p>and its relations with a rapidly changing Italian society. For all its lucidity, insight, and originality, this would have been an even better book if it had been longer and less compressed. </p><p>The Italian Revolution: The End of Politics, Italian Style? </p><p>by mark </p><p>gilbert. Boulder: Westview, 1995, </p><p>204 pp. $44-95 (paper, $i4.95) Anyone wishing for a much more detailed </p><p>account of the Italian political crisis than </p><p>the one offered in McCarthy's book will find it here. Gilbert, a political scientist, is reluctant to speculate about the future, but </p><p>he does a very good job analyzing the role of the Mafia, the rise and decline of the </p><p>Northern League, the fate of the commu </p><p>nists, and the sweeping character and </p><p>effects of the judges' Operation Clean Hands. The complexities, paradoxes, and mystifications of Italian politics as </p><p>described here are likely to leave the reader </p><p>[l28] FOREIGN AFFAIRS - Volume74No.6 </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.174 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 06:52:29 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Recent Books </p><p>wondering how this system, worthy of a </p><p>cheap thriller, could have lasted so </p><p>long. </p><p>(See McCarthy's book for the answer.) </p><p>Nazi Germany: A New History, by klaus </p><p>p. fischer. New York: Continuum, </p><p>1995.734 pp. $37-50 This massive study by an intellectual his </p><p>torian is an excellent, clear, comprehen </p><p>sive, and sensible synthesis of all that is </p><p>known about Hitler and his hideous </p><p>regime. Fischer wisely emphasizes the </p><p>many factors that made Germans suscep tible to the totalitarian adventure and </p><p>shows how skillfully and ruthlessly Hitler </p><p>exploited these circumstances. His analysis of the "totalitarian racial state"?with its </p><p>brutality and its confusion?is exemplary. Fischer tries hard to understand and </p><p>explain Hitler's personality, and it is not </p><p>his fault if his attempts are not entirely </p><p>satisfactory: the man, with all his hatreds, </p><p>delusions, and talent for leadership was </p><p>too monstrous ever to be elucidated. </p><p>Farewell, Revolution: Disputed Legacies, France, 1789/1989. by steven </p><p>Laurence kaplan. Ithaca: Cornell </p><p>University Press, 1995,573 pp. $29.95. </p><p>Originally published in France, this book </p><p>by a historian ofthat country's eighteenth </p><p>century is a highly entertaining, exhaustive </p><p>(but not exhausting) account of the poli tics and theater of the commemoration in </p><p>1989 of the 200th anniversary of the </p><p>French Revolution. Staged by a socialist </p><p>regime, the event tried to find a middle course between uncritical celebration and </p><p>the newly fashionable debunking of the French Revolution, by a coalition of </p><p>counter-revolutionaries and (often ex </p><p>communist) neoconservatives, as a fore </p><p>runner of totalitarianism. The book is </p><p>both a brilliant description of the show put on by Jean-Paul Goude, "designer-artist </p><p>adman," and a critique of the prevailing </p><p>tendency to reduce the revolution to its </p><p>ideological dimensions and deviations. </p><p>Western Hemisphere KENNETH MAXWELL </p><p>The Black Diaspora: Five Centuries of the Black Experience outside Africa, </p><p>by </p><p>ronald segal. New York: Farrar, Straus ?cGiroux, 1995,477 pp. $27\5?. </p><p>A Tocquevillesque wandering through the history and contemporary life experi ences of communities of African origin, this book focuses on the world bordering the Atlantic. A well-known writer with </p><p>several excellent books to his credit, </p><p>Segal is South African. He was born, he </p><p>says, "into a Diaspora myself, the Jewish </p><p>Diaspora, in a country, South Africa, where Jews occupied both a privileged and a perilous position." An outspoken critic of apartheid, he fled to England </p><p>with Oliver Tambo in i960. His account of the history of the slave </p><p>trade is lucid if not particularly original, though slavery is central to the black </p><p>diaspora and provides the central organ </p><p>izing principle for Segal's explorations. The strength of his book lies in the accounts of his own travels and observa </p><p>tions from Brazil to Michigan and from </p><p>Martinique to Cuba. Faced with the cur </p><p>rent gloomy avalanche of books about </p><p>African-Americans, consisting largely of </p><p>To order any book reviewed or advertised in Foreign Affairs, fax 1-203-966-4329. </p><p>FOREIGN AFFAIRS- November/December 1995 [ 12 9 ] </p><p>This content downloaded from 195.34.79.174 on Mon, 16 Jun 2014 06:52:29 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 128p. 129</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsForeign Affairs, Vol. 74, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1995), pp. I-IV, 1-160Front MatterCommentsAfter the Oil Boom: The Holiday Ends in the Gulf [pp. 2-7]Chirac of France: A New Leader of the West? [pp. 8-13]Dominance through Technology: Is Japan Creating a Yen Bloc in Southeast Asia? [pp. 14-20]</p><p>EssaysOur Overstuffed Armed Forces [pp. 22-34]A New China Strategy [pp. 35-49]Is America Abandoning Multilateral Trade? [pp. 50-62]Changing IranThe Limits of the Revolution [pp. 63-76]Germany's New Ostpolitik [pp. 77-89]</p><p>Jimmy Carter's Modest Quest for Global Peace [pp. 90-100]</p><p>ReviewsReview EssayReview: Playing Powell Politics: The General's Zest for Power [pp. 102-110]Review: The Rights of Nature: Has Deep Ecology Gone Too Far? [pp. 111-115]</p><p>Recent Books on International RelationsPolitical and LegalReview: untitled [p. 116-116]Review: untitled [pp. 116-117]Review: untitled [p. 117-117]Review: untitled [pp. 117-118]Review: untitled [p. 118-118]Review: untitled [p. 118-118]Review: untitled [pp. 118-119]</p><p>Economic, Social, and EnvironmentalReview: untitled [p. 119-119]Review: untitled [pp. 119-120]Review: untitled [p. 120-120]Review: untitled [pp. 120-121]Review: untitled [p. 121-121]</p><p>Military, Scientific, and TechnologicalReview: untitled [pp. 121-122]Review: untitled [p. 122-122]Review: untitled [pp. 122-123]Review: untitled [p. 123-123]Review: untitled [p. 123-123]Review: untitled [pp. 123-124]Correction [p. 124-124]</p><p>The United StatesReview: untitled [p. 124-124]Review: untitled [pp. 124-125]Review: untitled [p. 125-125]Review: untitled [pp. 125-126]Review: untitled [p. 126-126]Review: untitled [pp. 126-127]</p><p>Western EuropeReview: untitled [p. 127-127]Review: untitled [pp. 127-128]Review: untitled [p. 128-128]Review: untitled [p. 128-128]Review: untitled [pp. 128-129]Review: untitled [p. 129-129]Review: untitled [p. 129-129]</p><p>Western HemisphereReview: untitled [pp. 129-130]Review: untitled [p. 130-130]Review: untitled [p. 130-130]Review: untitled [pp. 130-131]Review: untitled [p. 131-131]Review: untitled [pp. 131-132]</p><p>Eastern Europe and Former Soviet RepublicsReview: untitled [p. 132-132]Review: untitled [p. 133-133]Review: untitled [p. 133-133]Review: untitled [pp. 133-134]Review: untitled [p. 134-134]</p><p>Middle EastReview: untitled [pp. 134-135]Review: untitled [pp. 135-136]Review: untitled [p. 136-136]Review: untitled [pp. 136-137]Review: untitled [p. 137-137]Review: untitled [p. 137-137]Review: untitled [pp. 137-138]Review: untitled [p. 138-138]Review: untitled [p. 138-138]</p><p>Asia and the PacificReview: untitled [pp. 138-139]Review: untitled [p. 139-139]Review: untitled [pp. 139-140]Review: untitled [p. 140-140]Review: untitled [p. 140-140]</p><p>AfricaReview: untitled [p. 141-141]Review: untitled [p. 141-141]Review: untitled [pp. 141-142]Review: untitled [p. 142-142]Review: untitled [p. 142-142]</p><p>ResponsesEmerging Markets Are Here to Stay [pp. 143-146]Shadow Play [pp. 146-147]</p><p>Responses: Appease with Dishonor: The Truth about the BalkansFaulty History [pp. 148-150]False Relativism [pp. 150-151]Denying Moral Equivalence [pp. 151-152]Putting out the Balkan Fire [pp. 152-153]Peace Principles [pp. 153-155]</p><p>Letters to the EditorTurning Japanese [pp. 156-157]Still Internationalist [p. 157-157]The Real List [pp. 157-158]The Consciousness of the Neocons [pp. 158-159]Fly Right... [p. 159-159]</p><p>Back Matter</p></li></ul>