The interactions between sediments and water

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  • The Interactions Between Sediments and Water
  • The Interactions Between Sediments and Water Edited by BRIAN KRONVANG National Environmental Research Institute, Silkeborg, Denmark JADRAN FAGANELI National Institute of Biology, Piran, Slovenia and NIVES OGRINC Josef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia Reprinted from Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus, Volume 6, Issues 5-6, 2006
  • ISBN-10 1-4020-5477-7 (HB) ISBN-13 978-1-4020-5477-8 (HB) ISBN-10 1-4020-5478-5 (e-book) ISBN-13 978-1-4020-5478-5 (e-book) Published by Springer, P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands. www.springer.com Printed on acid-free paper Cover image courtesy of Nives Ogrinc. All Rights Reserved * 2006 Springer No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microlming, recording or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher, with the exception of any material supplied specically for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system, for exclusive use by the purchaser of the work. A C.I.P. Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.
  • Table of Contents Section 1: Sediment and Water Interactions in Streams ELLEN L. PETTICREW, IAN G. DROPPO, NIVES OGRINC, BRIAN KRONVANG and JADRAN FAGANELI / Interac- tions Between Sediment and Water: Perspectives on the 10th International Association for Sediment Water Science Symposium 1 DEBORAH J. BALLANTINE, DESMOND E. WALLING, ADRIAN L. COLLINS and GRAHAM J. L. LEEKS / Phosphorus Storage in Fine Channel Bed Sediments 7 ROBERT BANASIAK and RONNY VERHOEVEN / Quantication of the Erosion Resistance of Undisturbed and Remoulded Cohesive Sediments 17 STEWART J. CLARKE, GERALDENE WHARTON and JACQUELINE A. COTTON / Spatial and Temporal Variations in the Sediment Habitat of Ranunculus spp. in Lowland Chalk Streams - Implications for Ecological Status? 29 SULFIKAR HANAFI, MICHAEL R. GRACE and BARRY T. HART / Can Nutrient Spiralling be Used to Detect Seasonal Nutrient Uptake in a Forested Stream? 39 INGO HAAG, GERHARD SCHMID and BERNHARD WESTRICH / Dissolved Oxygen and Nutrient Fluxes Across the SedimentY- Water Interface of the Neckar River, Germany: In Situ Measurements and Simulations 49 RASMUS B. LAURIDSEN, BRIAN KRONVANG and NIKOLAI FRIBERG / Occurrence of Sediment-Bound Pyrethroids in Danish Streams and Their Impact on Ecosystem Function 59 AARON I. PACKMAN, ANDREA MARION, MATTIA ZARAMELLA, CHENG CHEN, JEAN-FRANC OIS GAILLARD and DENIS T. KEANE / Development of Layered Sediment Structure and its Effects on Pore Water Transport and Hyporheic Exchange 69
  • MARCEL VAN DER PERK, PHILIP N. OWENS, LYNDA K. DEEKS and BARRY G. RAWLINS / Streambed Sediment Geo- chemical Controls on In-Stream Phosphorus Concentrations during Baseow 79 Section 2: Sediment and Water Interactions in Lakes PHILIP A. MEYERS / An Overview of Sediment Organic Matter Records of Human Eutrophication in the Laurentian Great Lakes Region 89 FREDE . ANDERSEN, MICHAEL JRGENSEN and HENNING S. JENSEN / The Inuence of Chironomus Plumosus Larvae on Nutrient Fluxes and Phosphorus Fractions in Aluminum Treated Lake Sediment 101 NADA HORVATINC IC , JOSE LUIS BRIANSO , BOGOMIL OBELIC , JADRANKA BARESIC and INES KRAJCAR BRONIC / Study of Pollution of the Plitvice Lakes by Water and Sediment Analyses 111 J. HEJZLAR, K. SA MALOVA , P. BOERS and B. KRONVANG / Modelling Phosphorus Retention in Lakes and Reservoirs 123 T. MAYER, F. ROSA, R. MAYER and M. CHARLTON / Relationship Between the Sediment Geochemistry and Phos- phorus Fluxes in a Great Lakes Coastal Marsh, Cootes Paradise, ON, Canada 131 B. OGORELEC, B. BOLE, J. LEONIDAKIS, B. CERMELJ, M. MISIC and J. FAGANELI / Recent Sediment of Lake Bled (NW Slovenia): Sedimentological and Geochemical Properties 141 JAAN-MATI PUNNING, JAANUS TERASMAA and TIIT VAASMA / The Impact of Lake-Level Fluctuations on the Sediment Composition 151 Section 3: Sediment and Water Interactions in Coastal Water MARK E. HINES / Microbially Mediated Redox Cycling at the OxicYAnoxic Boundary in Sediments: Comparison of Animal and Plants Habitats 159 IRENA CIGLENEC KI, SRAN PICHLER, ESAD PROHIC and BOZENA C OSOVIC / Distribution of Redox-Sensitive Elements in Bottom Waters, Porewaters and Sediments of Rogoznica Lake (Croatia) in Both Oxic and Anoxic Conditions 173 vi
  • HENNING S. JENSEN, TINA BENDIXEN and FREDE . ANDERSEN / Transformation of Particle-Bound Phosphorus at the LandYSea Interface in a Danish Estuary 183 BOMMANNA G. KRISHNAPPAN and IAN G. DROPPO / Use of an In Situ Erosion Flume for Measuring Stability of Sediment Deposits in Hamilton Harbour, Canada 193 JIAXI LI and JI-DONG GU / Biochemical Cooperation Between Klebsiella Oxytoca SC and Methylobacterium Mesophilium SR for Complete Degradation of Dimethyl Isophthalate 205 PING-PING SHEN, HONG ZHOU, HO-YAN LAI and JI-DONG GU / Benthic Infaunal Composition and Distribution at an Intertidal Wetland Mudat 211 W. L. SUN, J. R. NI and T. T. LIU / Effect of Sediment Humic Substances on Sorption of Selected Endocrine Disruptors 219 TOMMASO TESI, STEFANO MISEROCCHI, LEONARDO LANGONE, LAURITA BONI and FRANCA GUERRINI / Sources, Fate and Distribution of Organic Matter on the Western Adriatic Continental Shelf, Italy 229 ESTER HEATH, NIVES OGRINC, JADRAN FAGANELI and STEFANO COVELLI / Sedimentary Record of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Gulf of Trieste (Northern Adriatic Sea) 241 Section 4: Linking Catchments and Streams W. H. BLAKE, R. P. D. WALSH, A. M. SAYER and K. BIDIN / Quantifying Fine-Sediment Sources in Primary and Selec- tively Logged Rainforest Catchments Using Geochemical Tracers 251 SUSANNE HEISE and ULRICH FO RSTNER / Risks from Historical Contaminated Sediments in the Rhine Basin 261 PHILIP N. OWENS, WILLIAM H. BLAKE and ELLEN L. PETTICREW / Changes in Sediment Sources Following Wildre in Mountainous Terrain: A PairedYCatchment Approach, British Columbia, Canada 273 ELLEN L. PETTICREW, PHILIP N. OWENS and TIMOTHY R. GILES / Wildre Effects on the Quantity and Composition of Suspended and Gravel-Stored Sediments 283 vii
  • PAOLO PORTO, DES E. WALLING, GIOVANNI CALLEGARI and FRANCESCO CATONA / Using Fallout Lead-210 Measure- ments to Estimate Soil Erosion in Three Small Catchments in Southern Italy 293 J. J. ROTHWELL, M. G. EVANS and T. E. H. ALLOTT / SedimentY Water Interactions in an Eroded and Heavy Metal Contaminated Peatland Catchment, Southern Pennines, UK 305 N. J. PITTAM, T. M. MIGHALL and I. D. L. FOSTER / The Effect of Sediment Source Changes on Pollen Records in Lake Sediments 313 viii
  • Acknowledgements The Organizing Committee and the Editors are grateful to the institutions that supported the 10th International IASWS 2005 Symposium held in Bled, Slovenia, and this special issue of Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus. Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia National Institute of Biology, Slovenia Environment Canada National Water Research Institute, Canada The University of Plymouth, United Kingdom National Environmental Research Institute, Ministry of the Environment, Denmark UNESCO Slovenian Research Agency International Association for Sediment & Water Science (IASWS)
  • INTERACTIONS BETWEEN SEDIMENT AND WATER: PERSPECTIVES ON THE 10TH INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR SEDIMENT WATER SCIENCE SYMPOSIUM ELLEN L. PETTICREW1,* , IAN G. DROPPO2 , NIVES OGRINC3 , BRIAN KRONVANG4 and JADRAN FAGANELI5 1 School of Geography, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK 2 National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Canada 3 Department of Environmental Science, Joef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia 4 National Environmental Research Institute, Silkeborg, Denmark 5 Marine Biological Station, National Institute of Biology, Piran, Slovenia (*author for correspondence, e-mail: ellen.petticrew@plymouth.ac.uk; phone: +44-1752-233060; fax: +44-1752-233054) Abstract. The 10th International Symposium on Interactions Between Sediment and Water was held in Lake Bled, Slovenia from August 28 to September 3, 2005. Approximately 155 delegates, attended the symposium where talks and posters addressed ve themes incorporating the physical, chemical, biological, and/or management aspects of lacustrine, riverine, estuarine, and/or marine sediment were presented. A review of the symposium themes and plenary talks was provided. As well, this symposiums focus is put into context with respect to historical changes noted over the 29 years that the International Association for Sediment Water Science (IASWS) has been meeting. Keywords: sediment, water, aquatic science, IASWS The International Association for Sediment Water Science (IASWS) developed from a meeting in Amsterdam in 1976, held to respond to a need for specic discussions on sedimentwater interactions. At that time collaborations between academic disciplines and/or different aquatic environments was novel, and the value of meeting to discuss riverine, lacustrine and marine sedimentwater issues was recognized, such that it has continued on a 3-year cycle. This 10th symposium held in Lake Bled, Slovenia brought together an interdisciplinary group of 155 scientists from 35 countries that included geochemists, aquatic ecologists, sedimentologists, geomorphologists, environmental engineers and ecosystem man- agers. This symposium was structured around ve themes: (1) Source, fate and effect of sediments in marine

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