the geography of greece - ??the geography of greece shaped its civilization: –numerous islands...

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The geography of Greece

shaped its civilization:

Numerous islands

Mainland peninsula

Multiple Seas

Early people adapted to survive.

Became one of the greatest

civilizations in the ancient world.

Mountainous land and

islands offered few areas

for farming.

Travel was difficult

so small, isolated,

farming villages

developed.

Greeks turned to the seas for travel and food:

Ionian

Aegean

Mediterranean

Shipbuilding soon began and allowed trade with other civilizations.

Greek history begins

with the Minoans on

the island of Crete.

Crete was covered

with trees.

Large-scale architecture

and shipbuilding began.

Discovered how to grow

grapes and olives.

Soon grew rich trading

wine and olive oil.

Dominated Aegean Sea but

disappeared for unknown reason.

Control of Aegean passed to the Mycenaeans.

Mycenaeans settled in mainland Greece around 2000 B.C.

Were visited by Minoan traders before their disappearance.

Copied Minoan culture and learned how to make:

Boats

Bronze

Wine

Olive oil

Greeks lived before

advanced science.

Created myths and legends

to explain their world.

Stories of mythology

influence our language,

literature, and world today.

Mythology: collection of stories about

gods and heroes that try to explain how

the world works.

Greek mythology focused

on twelve Olympian Gods.

Believed that gods

controlled world events.

Many Greeks visited oracles

for advice from gods.

Had feasts, festivals,

sacrifices, and built

temples to honor Gods.

Greeks did everything;

science, sports, arts,

& wars, to please Gods.

Stories were used to explain:

Human emotions

Formation of world

Changing of seasons

Historical happenings

Were also told for entertainment:

Medusa

Hercules

Once Minoans were destroyed,

the Mycenaeans took over region.

Were violent, greedy,

and attacked many areas.

Mycenaeans attacked the

city of Troy because of

trade taxes.

Helen

Paris

Menelaus

Hector

Paris

Agamemnon

Achilles

Ulysses

Homer

All areas of Greece were

involved with 10 year war.

Mycenaeans eventually

won, and destroyed city.

After the war, Greece

began to fall apart.

During war; no trade and little farming.

Greece was then invaded by European warriors. (Dorians)

Earthquakes destroyed many cities.

Greece entered into a Dark Age

Widespread violence

Little to no trade

Loss of education

For protection and stability city-states began.

City-states, or polis, protected the people, but became very independent.

Greek life revolved around each polis for:

Economics

Culture

Leadership

Many new city-states and colonies emerged and trade grew.

Greece, once again, became rich and powerful.

Two city-states rose to dominate all of Greece:

Sparta

Athens