The Elements of Art Elements of art are visible in all art works. We will concentrate on 6 of these elements in every art class that you will take. Knowing
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The Elements of Art
Elements of art are visible in all art works. We will concentrate on 6 of these elements in every art class that you will take. Knowing this information is the basic foundation for good design.
The Six Elements of ArtColorLineFormShapeSpace Texture
Color - What your eye sees when light is reflected off of an objectHue The name of a color
There are certain color combinations that work well together:
These colors cannot be mixed from any other color and is most basic color combination. These colors are red, blue & yellow.Composition in Red Blue & YellowBy Piet Modrian
Secondary Colors are what you get when you mix two primary colors.Paul Cezanne usedpredominantly secondary colors in most of his paintings. Red + Yellow = OrangeYellow + Blue = Green Blue + Red = PurpleMont Saint Victoire by Paul Cezanne
Value Lightness or darkness of a color
Intensity Brightness or dullness of a color
Monochromatic - Tints and shades of one color
Analogous colors are colors next to each other on the color wheel and contain a common hue. An example would be:Blue, blue green, green and yellow green.All of these colors contain BLUE.
These colors usually start at 1 primary and stop before you get to the next one.
Warm colorsRow of PoplarsBy Claude MonetSunflowers by Vincent Van goghRedYellowOrange
Cool colorsBlue Green PurpleWaterlillies by Claude Monet
Complimentary colors are colors across from each other on the color wheel. Artists often use a colors compliment to make something pop creating emphasis. What is the compliment of
This Painting by Picasso called the Old Guitarist is predominantly monochromatic using tints and shades of blue. Contrast is achieved by painting the guitar orange which is the compliment of blue.
Element: LineA line is a mark made by a pointed tool. Often defined as a path of a moving point through space.
PicassoHorizontal at restVertical strength, dignityDiagonal action, excitementZigzag confusion, suggests actionCurved flowing graceful movementThick and Thin to give variety.
This picture by Pablo Picasso is a great example because the entire picture has lines.
An element of art that refers to an object with three dimensions. (sculpture, ceramics, jewelry, fiber art, architecture).Forms are 3D.Basic Forms are Cube Cylinder Sphere Pyramid
These sculptures are three dimensional forms.Horse by Deborah ButterfieldThe Thinker By Rodin
The area clearly set off by one or more of the other elements. Shapes are 2D
Wherever the ends of a continuous line meet, a shape is formed.
There are two kinds of shape
Geometric shapes such as circles, triangles, ovals, rectangles or squares have perfect, uniform measurements and don't often appear in nature. Organic shapes are associated with things from the natural world, like plants and animals.
Space refers to the distance between, below, around and within things.There are two kinds of space
Positive space shapes and forms in a work of art.
Negative space empty spaces between shapes.
Texture refers to the way things feel or look as though they might feel if touched.
There are two kinds of texture: Actual texture the way things feel
Simulated texture drawing textures to look how they might feel.
Mary Cassatt's paintingshows a variety of textures. The lower half of the painting is very textured, while the upper half has softer textures, with the woman's face having a very smooth texture. Cassatt gives the painting texture by using large brush strokes, and a variety of colors. Why do you think that the artist gave this painting so much texture?
Principles of DesignGuidelines used by artists in arranging the elements.Three Principles of Design you willstudy are:
Balance there are 3 kindsFomal Balance Same on both sides. Symetrical
Radial Balance Objects are positioned around a central point.
Informal Balance-Objects are of different sizes or shapes and placed off center.
Which kind of balance do the following artworks show?
UnityThe arrangement of the elements with media to create a feeling of completeness or wholeness.
Everything belongs together. The best and simplest way to create unity in any work of art is to REPEAT ELEMENTS.
How do these works show unity? Which elements are repeated?
EmphasisMaking an element in a work of art stand out. Achieving a FOCAL POINT by:Contrasting or making an extreme change in an element.Large & smallBright & dullClear & blurrySmooth & textured
How many different ways does this painting show contrast?
*A line is a mark made by a pointed tool. Often defined as a moving dot.This picture is a great example of lines because the entire picture has lines, straight and curved