The Effects of Natural Disasters
Post on 18-Sep-2015
Chapter 1: The effects of natural disasters.
1.1. Axel Polus
Destructive force of natural disasters, such as tsunamis and earthquakes, brings many
misfortunes and problems to people touched by such cataclysms. All victims of natural
calamities have to deal with a great deal of difficulties fulfilling their lives with pain,
sorrow and helplessness, which are not known by people who never experienced
situation like this. For some, this kind of scenario might seem like a horror movie, but
unfortunately for others it is a reality. Three main effects all survivors of natural
disasters struggle with, are destruction of environment, lack of supplies and injuries
obtained during a catastrophe.
Firstly, the effect which is most seen with the naked eye is the destruction of
environment hit by natural cataclysms. When tsunami or earthquake strikes at city,
many buildings are damaged or completely destroyed. For example, houses of people
are razed to the ground, depriving them shelter and making them live among the ruins
and in the streets. Other example is environmental devastation, such us contamination of
drinking water or air full of dust and other harmful substances. What is more, such
destroyed environment affects peoples health and makes their already difficult situation
Another significant effect, is lack of resources during and after calamity. Usually,
when such situation occurs ,and as it was stated above, many parts of the city are
destroyed, people lack food, drinking water, manpower and medical supplies. For
instance, the number of injured people more often than not, exceeds the number of
medical supplies like painkillers and antibiotics available for them. Moreover, more
serious injuries might not be cured at all because of small number of capable doctors
and difficult surgeries they have to perform in unfavorable conditions. Lack of food and
drinking water leads to starvation and dehydration of many survivors, consequences of
which in many cases results in death. Not to mention, that limited manpower makes it
hard to create efficient rescue actions and reduces the area of search.
The last but not least, are injuries acquired during natural disasters. Many people,
who survived such tragedies, sadly didnt do it without being hurt in the process. A great
deal of the physical wounds are incurable, making them crippled for life. For example,
lost limbs, a loss of sight or even a paralysis. These impairments not only are health
issues, but also they later consequently lead to poverty - because not being able to work,
these people are lacking in possibilities to earn money and that ruins them financially.
What is more, there are also mental illnesses like PTSD, which causes depression and
makes people not being able to cope with their loses and with memories of what they
have been through during natural disaster.
To sum up, three greatest effects of natural disasters are destruction of cities and
homes, depriving people of shelter, lack of resources necessary for their survival and
injuries they acquire during these tragedies. All three effects are fateful in their
consequences, leading to many grim outcomes such as starvation, impairment, poverty,
or even death. And despite great efforts, it is difficult to counteract these effects.