The Effectiveness of Regulatory and Supervision Framework of Islamic Microfinance in Sudan

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The microfinance Roundtable on the regulatory and Supervision onI slamic Microfinance: IRTI & SUST, 18-19/2014. The Effectiveness of Regulatory and Supervision Framework of Islamic Microfinance in Sudan. Dr. Abd elrahman Elzahi Saaid Senior Economist, IRTI/IDB. Introduction. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


The Effectiveness of Regulatory and Supervision Framework of Islamic Microfinance in Sudan

The Effectiveness of Regulatory and Supervision Framework of Islamic Microfinance in SudanDr. Abd elrahman Elzahi SaaidSenior Economist, IRTI/IDB

The microfinance Roundtable on the regulatory and Supervision onI slamic Microfinance: IRTI & SUST, 18-19/2014Islamic microfinance is one of the essential unconventional branch of lending that uses by Islamic finacial institutions to mitigate the negative impact of the extreme poverty. Since finacing micro-borrowers and extremely poor projects are highly risk, the need for efficient and effective regulatory and supervision of microfinance frame work is very important. This research investigated Sudnese Islamic microfiance regulatory and supervisory framewark. The results of this research gives stromg policy implications for both government of Sudan to carry on some improvement in their experience of supervsion and the users of Islamic microfiance

IntroductionRecently Sudanese economic has weakened. The country economic growth was totally depending on exporting crude oilThe country used to depend on mainly on agricultures and livestock before the oil. The game is over. Sudan loosed 75% of its oil revenue due to the secession of the South in 2010.In addition to that the internal and regional conflicts, heightened political tensions, are continuing to effect the economic growth which eventually leads to the high unemployment and disadvantages among most of the citizens. Introduction Sudan dominated the political instability from the independence in 1956. Since then the country exposure to three military cops. All the civil governments that attempt to rule the used to be the largest country in Africa were overthrown in an overnight by the military even before implementing their agendas. Other factor contributed to the unemployment and poverty is longest civil wars and the internal conflicts across the regions.

Introduction The Sudan has a histrory of high inflations and strcutre economic disorder particularly during the 1980th and the 1990th. The country also among the poor and low income and highly indebted countries. Sudan economics growth was started to improve shortly after had started exporting the crude oil in 1999. Introduction Sudan government who aware of the dilemmaHas taken immediate policy priorities including micro-financing business model The country has complete transform the all the conomics into Islamic systemIslamic microfinance is one of the essential unconventional branches of lending that use by Islamic financial institutions to mitigate the negative impact of the extreme poverty and unemployment Sudan is the pioneer country that adopts Islamic mirofinance among other Muslims countires.

The Positive Role of Sudan Government The Government of Sudan aware of the challenges of the chronic povertySince 1989 the government has attempted many initiatives to reduce itIslamic financial infrastructure has witnessed tremendous growth and improvement since 1989.Economic IslamizedIslamic Banks increasedmade enabling environment for Islamic microfinance and its supportive intuitions such as Waqf and Zakah to play their vital roles in helping the poor in Sudan

Islamic Microfinance in Sudan: Opportunities and Challenges:

The new copital injected from the foreign banks, might improve banking technology in Sudan & Enhence skills and improving banks outreach

More than three microfinance institutions

Central Bank of Sudan and the Ministry of Finance and National Economy were jointly established a National Agency for Insurance and Finance of Export

Zakah collections and Waqf system was revived to play their designed role effectively

The establishment of the Islamic financial institutions followed adaptation of the Shariah law all over the country in September 1984availability of the natural resources such as agriculture land and livestock in the areas of disadvantages people availability of the natural resources such as agriculture land and livestock in the areas of disadvantages people Despite of the favorable Islamic financial system development in Sudan, Islamic microfinance is not risk-freeGiven the high rate of the poverty and the recent separation of the rich South part of Sudan, Sudanese economic has encountered sever instabilityhigh demand for Shariah fund due to the uprising civil wars that lead to more disadvantages on the countryside areasChallengeslimited donors fund, inability of the government to provide sustainable micro-financing The nature of Sudanese Islamic microfinance model is involving more players, need to co-ordinate between them-selves. an argent need for establishing effective and electronic networkingSudan is an extended country with wide and undeveloped country side areasweakness of the Sudanese basic infrastructuresAnother big challenges facing Islamic microfinance is the high tax.

capacity building need of the beneficiaries

The previous section shows that the Sudanese government exerted more efforts to build reseanable Islamic financial infrastures through complete Islamization of the economic

The government was aware of the regulatory and supervision challenges that might face the implementation of Islamic microfinace. the Central Banks of Sudan was empowered to play the role of the regulatory and supervision for the microfiance in addition to the orginal madated job. CBOS role has become not only limited to the designing of the monetary policies, and prudential regulation and supervision and promoting the economic growth through these policies, but also encouraged to play vital role in developing a comprehensive financial system that include Islamic microfinance business model.

Regulatory and Supervision Framework of Islamic Microfinance in Sudan:

The CBOS policies and strageic to implemnt Microfiance with fully supported by the donoors. The CBOS and the World banks were established what was called Sudan Multi Donor Fund (MTDTF)The CBOS effectively took this opportunity to expand the base of the banking services, prepare policies, control and supervision and regulations for the development of inclusive financial system that cater for micro-finance producer The Banking Supervision Department of the CBOS together with a Sudanese consultancy firm, were a pointed to lead

Banking Supervision Department established Micro Finance Unit to cater for promoting microfinance through banks and non-banks institutions. The Micro Finance Unit also reuqired to play the role of facilitator between Islamic microfiance providers and government and non-government technical resources. Moreover, the Central Bank dirct the the Sudanese banks to allocate 12%Despite of the supportive environment from the Government and its financial institutions, polictical will as well as the multilatral institions only moderate success were achievedThe World Bank report No. IS10549 on April, 2013, the Sudanese microfince project made moderate satisfactory progress towards achieivng the proposed objectives The amin development indicators used by the world bank to measure the project were the direct number of benficiaries, porfolio at risk and the number of operating microfiance providersThe number of benficiaries outreach during the period from 2007 to 2013 were 490,000 devided between the comercial banks (302000) and the microfiance providers (189,000).

The assessed the does not refer to the areas of disadvanges people

Poverty in Sudan is deeply found in the rural and paricularlt in the conflict fragile areas.

To achiece more accurate results weather the model of any Microfinace has achieved its objective or not, one might to test the aspects of outreachThis is a test encompasses both poverty to microfiance and self-sustainablity approach to assess the social benefits of microfinace based on the aspects of the outreachpoverty approach that measure how well the needs of the targeting poors are fullfil in the short-termself-sustainability approach which targeting less-poor people (low-income worker) in helping them in achieving long-run economic sustainablity.

The aspects of outreachThe sudanese islamic microfiance model focus on reducing poverty of the people on the rural and marginalized areas as well as urban working poor (both)The sustainabilty approach consists of: Worth outreach to clients, Cost outreach to clients, and Breadth of outreach, Length of outreach and The scope of outreach While poverty aproach to microfiance measures the depth of outreach which is added vaue given to the clients in relation to the goals of their society.The depth outreach microfiance will check the community ppriority to develop and solve certain problem

Conclusion Thank you


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