The Buddhist Hell With discussions on: -The Wheel of Life -Buddhist Gods -Buddhist Ghosts -Intricacies of the Buddhist Hell -Role of the Buddhist Hell.

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> The Buddhist Hell With discussions on: -The Wheel of Life -Buddhist Gods -Buddhist Ghosts -Intricacies of the Buddhist Hell -Role of the Buddhist Hell Presented by Quentin Kelly, John English, and Chucky Ashraf </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Buddhist concept of Life Everything in the world is a phenomenon and is constantly changing. Time is understood as a series of individual moments. Death is simply the movement from the last moment in one life to the first moment in the next life. The law of Karma is a law of nature whereby each action is necessarily followed by reward or punishment. </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Karma Life consists of interwoven activities that produce causes and effects. Death does not terminate this cycle. Our deeds continue to accumulate following death and influence our status in the next life. Until enlightenment occurs, we are locked in an endless cycle of death and rebirth, Samsara, within the wheel of life. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> The Wheel of Life A representation of the six destinations, or realms, that one may enter at the onset of each life. The realms exist as a six-layered hierarchy: Gods, Humans, Animals, Titans, Hungry Ghosts, Denizens of Hell. Where we are placed at the onset of each new life is determined by our accumulation of past positive and negative acts/deeds. </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> http://www.thevisualrecord.com/dbphotopages/photopage.php?photo_id=511 </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> http://www.exoticindiaart.com/product/TC58/ </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> http://www.uwec.edu/greider/Buddha/Buddhism.Course/Images/Wheel.of.Life.Big.jpg </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> www.dharma-media.org/media/general/dwnld/thanka/deity_wrathful/wheel_of_life.jpg </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> http://www.buddhanet.net/wheel2.htm </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> The Buddhist Concept of Hell As seen in the wheel of life, Hell is just one of the six primary realms in the cycle of Samsara. Hell is not the location for eternal damnation. Just like the Buddhist world view, there are many levels and sublevels in Hell. </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Hell is the coldest and hottest of places, consisting of eight fiery levels and eight icy levels. When a being is born in Hell, they experience pain. Pain is the way in which justice is carried out as a result of negative karma (acts of ill- will in previous lives). </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> The different levels of Hell The Buddhist idea of Hell has evolved over time. Different theories have evolved, but all maintain the similar essential elements we have discussed. Some have attempted to describe the eight different levels of hell; the names of the sublevels of hell and the punishments that occur in each. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> The First level of Hell Known as the Hell of retributive justice. The destination of persons who have taken any form of life or eaten meat. Punishments include being beaten with iron claws; Smothered in mud and feces while repeatedly stung by millions of insects simultaneously being forced to eat boiling shit. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> The Second Level of Hell Known as The Hell of the black rope. Destination for murderers and thieves. Punishments include being lashed with whips of fire and hacked with axes. A dog with burning teeth exists in this region of hell, which primarily feeds on the flesh of those being punished at this level. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> The Third Level of Hell The destination of rapists and spouse beaters. The punishment for pedophiles is to watch the children they have raped undergo Hells punishments. </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> The Fourth Level of Hell Known as the Hell of screaming. Destination of merchants who cheat their customers. Punishments include being inflicted with 404 diseases as insects crawl into the body to devour it from the inside. </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> The Fifth Level of Hell Known as the Great Hell of Screaming. Destination for those who have lied about their ill-intentioned actions. Like level 4 of Hell, but ten orders of magnitude worse. Punishments include the impalement of burning sticks into the anal cavity. </li> <li> Slide 19 </li> <li> The Sixth Level of Hell Known as the Hell of Burning. Punishments include having ones body cooked into human yakitori. </li> <li> Slide 20 </li> <li> The Seventh Level of Hell Known as the Great Hell of Burning. Destination of those who are chronic liars about many, many ill-intentioned actions. Punishments include receiving a burning stick up the buttocks that is twice as hot and lasts longer than the stick up the buttocks experienced in level 6. </li> <li> Slide 21 </li> <li> The Eighth Level of Hell Also known as The Great Hell of Unlimited Suffering. Located so far deep in the earth that it takes 2000 years falling to reach it. Destination of prisoners: Buddhists who were burned at altars, people who let others die of thirst, and children who kill their parents. Punishments include being burned, eaten alive, and being dropped off mountains. </li> <li> Slide 22 </li> <li> The Avici Hell The Hell that has the most suffering. The Avici Hell contains innumerable layers, each with different names and different punishments. Examples of several different layers: -the hell of Crying Out, the hell of Pulling Tongues, the hell of Dung and Urine. </li> <li> Slide 23 </li> <li> Punishments within the Layers of the Avici Hell Hell in which tongues are stretched out and plowed through by cattle. Hell in which excrement and urine are endless. Hell in which fiery spears stab repeatedly Hell in which bodies are stretched by iron mules. </li> <li> Slide 24 </li> <li> For the fornicators and such </li> <li> Slide 25 </li> <li> Rebirth and Justice in Hell The cause of rebirth in hell is the accumulation of deeds instigated by ill-will in previous lives. The degree of unwholesome karma determines the length of time spent and amount of pain experienced in Hell. Beings are reborn into a different realm of the wheel of life following the extinguishment of unwholesome karma in Hell. </li> <li> Slide 26 </li> <li> The Eye of Justice The punishers third eye is that which investigates the deeds of previous lives. His objective is to help those who experience the temporary sufferings of Hell find enlightenment in their next life. The punisher is actually Buddha in another form. </li> <li> Slide 27 </li> <li> Slide 28 </li> <li> Slide 29 </li> <li> Slide 30 </li> <li> The Psychological Influence of Hell Buddhism claims there is no order in the world. Moreover, there are no gods to model moral perfection after. Thus, Buddhists do not strive for ideal moral behavior. Yet, Hell creates a type of conventional order which scares humans into right moral behavior (reward/punishment model). </li> <li> Slide 31 </li> <li> Ghosts In certain traditions, each time a person dies, their spirit spends an unspecified amount of time as a conscious ghost seeking rebirth. As a result, Buddhist monks traditionally chant special prayers to dead spirits, urging them to stop wandering the places where they died, and to detach themselves from loved ones - so the living can enjoy peace, and the dead can begin the purification process in Hell. </li> <li> Slide 32 </li> <li> In other traditions, a Ghosts purpose is to escort living people, who are soon approaching death, to Hell. </li> <li> Slide 33 </li> <li> Ghosts in the Media </li> <li> Slide 34 </li> <li> Ghost Stories Haunting Thailand's Tsunami Zones Richard S. Ehrlich </li> <li> Slide 35 </li> <li> Many Thais believe ghosts are wandering tsunami-hit beaches, spooking taxi drivers, making the Andaman Sea hungry for more victims, and jinxing an economic recovery for devastated resorts. </li> <li> Slide 36 </li> <li> Buddhist Gods Unlike Western understanding of God. gods are simply another destination in the hierarchy of the wheel of life. gods have a finite lifetime, although they do live a considerably longer and more satisfying life. Interestingly enough it is the realm of humans, not gods, that is the most desirable position. Balance of pleasure and pain. </li> <li> Slide 37 </li> <li> www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/dharmadata/fdd19.htm www.vexen.co.uk/religion/buddhism.html www.trocadero.com/Rhett/items/383109/en2store.html www.corkscrew-balloon.com/02/07/1bkk/05b.html www3.tky.3web.ne.jp/~edjacob/ojoyoshu.htm www.boingboing.net/2004/04/23/photojourney_through.html http://www.buddhanet.net/wheel2.htm http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/qanda05.htm http://www.buddhanet.net/e-learning/snapshot01.htm http://www.buddhanet.net/funbud10.htm http://www.answers.com/main/ntquery?method=4&amp;dsid=2222&amp;dekey= Ghost+Festival&amp;gwp=8&amp;curtab=2222_1 http://www.hungryghost.net/descrip.html http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/encyclopedia/g/gh/ghost.htm http://www.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/~macer/EJ144/ej144f.htm A very special thanks to: </li> </ul>

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