the buddhist community - monks & nuns

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  • 1. The Buddhist Community Monks and Nuns

2. enerosity (dna) thical or Good conduct (la) editation (bhvan) but better translated as development of mind, body, loving-kindness, wisdom, and meditationultivations of generosity that is not exclusively lay: 3. egins with raddh/saddh and the sequence of the eightfold path begins with right view Hearing the Dharma lso seeing the Buddha, his stpas, pilgrimage or image can also induce faith evotional and ritual practices act as a preliminary meditation practice 4. n ordinary person pthagjana (P. puthujjana)rya/Ariya one who has directly seen the 4 Noble Truths stream-enterer or stream-winner (srotpanna, P. sotpanna) Attains enlightenment within 7 rebirths. once-returner (saktgmin, P. sakadagami) Attains enlightenment in his next rebirth. 5. raddha usually translated as Faith but with connotations of Trust or Commitment aith causes the mind to become settled and inspires it with confidence to continue forward. he traditional expression of faith is the act of going to the three jewels of the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha for refuge. xpressions of faith consist of devotion ypes of devotional acts generosity or donation to members of the Sangha, recitation of verses or texts of the 6. he best metaphor for understanding the daily practice of a Buddhist ne seeks not only to avoid the negative, but also to engage in the positive Merit can be destroyed in a single moment of anger Should not be wasted on fleeting happiness Dedicate or transfer it to guard ititual is one of the principle means for such engagement Puja devotion Recitation Pilgrimage MeditationTOR 7. hiku/bhikku monks hiku/bhikkun nuns Five monks (former ascetics) with Kaundinya at their head Ehi, bhikku (Come, monk) formulapsaka laity, male (householders) 8. B 2.1.1 The First Disciples of the Buddha 9. armic connection with the Buddha from previous prediction by a Buddha ake refuge in the Two Jewels since there is no Sangha (community) yet aypeople before there are monks (or nuns) irst food offering after Buddhas enlightenment 10. air and nails are considered impure in India uddhism reinterprets as a symbol of the body in its impermanence and non-self ustified by story of Sumati and Dipamkara Leech: the body of the Buddha is different than most people so the hair was not ordinary hair either. 11. aywomen in Buddhism 12. B 2.1.2 The Laywoman Sujt Notice the genre characteristics of this story and the previous one about Long ago, at the time of the past Buddha Padumuttara she made a formal resolution aspiring to attain the same status herself. For 100 thousand eons, she was repeatedly reborm in sasra, in the realms of gods and humans Food offerings very important 13. omeless wanderer enounces all possessions one forth from the household life resses in robes made from discarded rags egs for food 14. ive monks with Kaundinya at their head Ehi, bhikku formula ore and more monks Upali former barber, renowned for knowledge of the monastic code or Vinaya Ananda the Buddhas cousin & personal attendant; revered by nuns 15. B 2.1.3 The Conversion of riputra and Maudgalyyana 16. riputra Renowned for knowledge of his wisdom and Abhidharma Dies before the Buddha His relics become important objects of worshipaudgalyyana Foremost in supernatural powers attained through dhynas (meditative attainments) Often used as a surrogate for the Buddha in making magical contests against other religious figures Devoted to his mother EB 2.1.7 Maudgalyyana Brings about the Conversion of His Mother 17. Novice (rameera/smaera) - Going Forth or pravrajy 7-8 years old Take a monk 10 years senior as ones preceptor and teacher Goes for refuge in 3 Jewels Takes 10 precepts or Rules of Training (ik-/sikkh-pada)Monk or Nun Ordination or upasampad Age 20 5 properly ordained monks of 10 years standing (5 for nuns as well) Four basic resources Four requisites Eight requisites as personal possession 18. ased on inscriptional evidence of donations from roughly the beginning of the Common Era up until the 4th or 5th century CE show that approximately the same number of nuns as monks acted as donors ull ordination for women in Theravdin Buddhism died out in 11th century CE ay have never been fully established in Tibetan tradition 19. B 2.1.4 The Acceptance of Women into the Order he Eight Heavy Rules 20. he Eight Heavy Rules bhikkhuni who has been fully ordained even for more than a century must bow down, rise up from her seat, salute with hands palm-to-palm over her heart, and perform the duties of respect to a bhikkhu even if he has been fully ordained only a day. This rule is to be honored, respected, revered, venerated, never to be transgressed as long as she lives. 21. he Eight Heavy Rules very half-month a bhikkhuni should request two things from the Bhikkhu Sangha: she should ask for the date of the uposatha day and come for an exhortation. t the end of the Rains-residence, a bhikkhuni should invite (criticism both from) the Bhikkhu Sangha and the Bhikkhuni Sangha on any of three grounds: what they have seen, what they have heard, what they have suspected. bhikkhuni who has broken any of the vows of respect must 22. he Eight Heavy Rules t the end of the Rains-residence, a bhikkhuni Only after a probationer has trained in the six precepts for two years should she request ordination from both Sanghas. bhikkhu must not in any way be insulted or reviled by a bhikkhuni. rom this day forward, the admonition of a bhikkhu by a bhikkhuni is forbidden, but the admonition of a bhikkhuni by a bhikkhu is not forbidden. This rule, too, is to be honored, 23. B 2.1.5 The Conversion of Pacr 24. ost husband, two sons, familyeither sons, nor parents, nor kinfolks are a refuge. elatives offer no shelter for one seized by Death (Mara) nowing this situation, the wise, exercising moral restraints, 25. ear of the Buddha and the Sangha onversion through magic 26. ouseholders (brahmins) & heretics (unknown) uddha (Gautama) with 1200 disciples like a hailstorm that destroys crops b/c take sons ouseholders decide to confront Buddha with weapons ld man sets fire to village 27. other not his mothernew incarnation ut his aggregates fostered by her 28. vidence monks & nuns continued to care for parents, spiritually and materially uddha teaches gratitude towards parents audgalyyana wonder where his mother is and brings the Buddha there through his magical power uddha preaches and his mother becomes a streamwinner 29. E B 2.2.1 Passage Denied: The Nga Who Tried to Become a MonkE B 2.2. Passage Achieved: Joining the Order 30. B 2.2.1 Passage Denied: The Nga Who Tried to Become a Monk Limits to ordination List in intro to 2.2.1, but debtors, runaway slaves, army deserters, criminals Needed sponsors within monastic community (preceptor & teacher) Had to be human Supernatural creatures are accepted as commonplace 31. B 2.2. Passage Achieved: Joining the Order Description by Chinese monk in India of ordination during the late 7th century 32. tra inaya bhidharma 33. he unity and cohesion of the Sagha he spiritual life he dependence of the Sagha upon the wider community he appearance of the Sagha in the eyes of the community 34. evelopment from list of @ 250 rules (pratimoka) that was recited semi-monthly in public gatherings o six canonical Vinayas that survive from later period Corporate institution Endowments of land Monks >100 at large monasteries 35. rtimoka (Pimokkha) i-monthly ceremony of its recitation, Uposatha ublic confession of faults Cases Involving Explusion xtra rules for nuns 36. ot guide for a life of quiet, individualized contemplation monastic from Greek monazein, to live alone inaya provided narrative authority for a collective enterprise between laypeople and monastics trong social life for monastics 37. our resources food (begging), robes (dustheap) lodging (under tree), medicine (cow urine)ettled down into monasteries) The homeless life is characterized lodging at the foot of trees. This you should try to respect for the rest of your life. In addition, these are allowed:


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