the beginner's guide to photography

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Are you interested in learning more about photography or perhaps even becoming a photographer but don't know where to start? Then this is the book for you!

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  • The Beginners

    Guide to

    Photography

    Dami Anandbazar

    The Beginners

    Guide to

    Photography

    Dami Anandbazar

  • 2

    The Beginners Guide to

    Photography

    2

    The Beginners Guide to

    Photography

  • 3

    The camera used in the examples in this guidebook is a

    Canon 5D Mark II. Most Canon cameras will have

    similar designs. The instructions may differ with other

    brands and models.

    3

    The camera used in the examples in this guidebook is a

    Canon 5D Mark II. Most Canon cameras will have

    similar designs. The instructions may differ with other

    brands and models.

  • 4

    Table of Contents

    1. Introduction

    2. Aperture

    3. Shutter Speed

    4. ISO

    5. Aperture Priority

    6. Shutter Priority

    6

    10

    12

    16

    19

    26

    4

    Table of Contents

    1. Introduction

    2. Aperture

    3. Shutter Speed

    4. ISO

    5. Aperture Priority

    6. Shutter Priority

    6

    10

    12

    16

    19

    26

  • 5

    7. Program Mode

    8. Metering Modes

    9. AF Points

    10. Photo Composition

    11. Rules of Thumb

    12. Tips for Beginners

    13. Index

    14. Acknowledgements

    31

    34

    38

    43

    48

    50

    53

    55

    5

    7. Program Mode

    8. Metering Modes

    9. AF Points

    10. Photo Composition

    11. Rules of Thumb

    12. Tips for Beginners

    13. Index

    14. Acknowledgements

    31

    34

    38

    43

    48

    50

    53

    55

  • 6

    Introduction Simply having an expensive camera

    does not necessarily make you a

    good photographer. The process of

    learning how to take creative

    pictures is very much a process of

    trial and error, and this guide will

    ease you through that process.

    Essentially, there are 3 major pillars

    of photography; Aperture, which

    dictates the size of the opening in

    the lens, Shutter Speed, which

    changes the speed of the cameras

    shutter, and ISO, which controls the

    sensitivity of the camera to light.

    Those 3 settings determine the

    6

    Introduction Simply having an expensive camera

    does not necessarily make you a

    good photographer. The process of

    learning how to take creative

    pictures is very much a process of

    trial and error, and this guide will

    ease you through that process.

    Essentially, there are 3 major pillars

    of photography; Aperture, which

    dictates the size of the opening in

    the lens, Shutter Speed, which

    changes the speed of the cameras

    shutter, and ISO, which controls the

    sensitivity of the camera to light.

    Those 3 settings determine the

  • 7

    exposure of the photo, which

    controls how dark or light the photo

    will appear1. Along with the three

    pillars of photography, there are

    several things to keep at the back of

    your mind as you familiarize

    yourself with the concepts of

    photography. The Rule of Thirds

    helps you to take a more

    aesthetically pleasing photo,

    dictating how the image should be

    composed by dividing it into 9 equal

    rectangles.1

    Focus is very important in

    photography. Before taking a

    picture, you should always have an

    idea of which parts of your photo

    you want to focus on, and which

    parts will be blurry. Know whether

    or not your background will be in

    focus, or if it will be blurry, how

    blurry will it be? Nailing your focus

    will make your photo look much

    better, and this guidebook will show 1Josh, Expert Photography, http://expertphotography.com/a-beginners-guide-to-photography/ (accessed 06 Dec, 2015).

    7

    exposure of the photo, which

    controls how dark or light the photo

    will appear1. Along with the three

    pillars of photography, there are

    several things to keep at the back of

    your mind as you familiarize

    yourself with the concepts of

    photography. The Rule of Thirds

    helps you to take a more

    aesthetically pleasing photo,

    dictating how the image should be

    composed by dividing it into 9 equal

    rectangles.1

    Focus is very important in

    photography. Before taking a

    picture, you should always have an

    idea of which parts of your photo

    you want to focus on, and which

    parts will be blurry. Know whether

    or not your background will be in

    focus, or if it will be blurry, how

    blurry will it be? Nailing your focus

    will make your photo look much

    better, and this guidebook will show 1Josh, Expert Photography, http://expertphotography.com/a-beginners-guide-to-photography/ (accessed 06 Dec, 2015).

  • 8

    Lighting is one of the most vital

    aspects of photography. Always be

    aware of your lighting and

    surroundings, as you must adjust

    your cameras settings accordingly.

    Some useful tips for lighting include;

    avoid bright light behind your

    subject, look out for dark shadows,

    and beware of things that glare in

    the light. In essence, photography is

    lighting, as photography is the art of

    capturing light reflected from

    objects into the cameras lenses.

    The success of a photo will usually

    come down to photo composition,

    which is what you include and leave

    out of the shot, and how you

    2Josh, Expert Photography, http://expertphotography.com/a-beginners-guide-to-photography/ (accessed 06 Dec, 2015).

    8

    Lighting is one of the most vital

    aspects of photography. Always be

    aware of your lighting and

    surroundings, as you must adjust

    your cameras settings accordingly.

    Some useful tips for lighting include;

    avoid bright light behind your

    subject, look out for dark shadows,

    and beware of things that glare in

    the light. In essence, photography is

    lighting, as photography is the art of

    capturing light reflected from

    objects into the cameras lenses.

    The success of a photo will usually

    come down to photo composition,

    which is what you include and leave

    out of the shot, and how you

    2Josh, Expert Photography, http://expertphotography.com/a-beginners-guide-to-photography/ (accessed 06 Dec, 2015).

  • 9

    It will also be helpful to keep in

    mind the color within your photos.

    If the main subject of focus is the

    same color as the background, it

    can make it difficult for viewers to

    see the subject, which can be

    All the pictures in this guidebook are the

    works of the author, with the exception of

    the diagram on page 10.

    9

    It will also be helpful to keep in

    mind the color within your photos.

    If the main subject of focus is the

    same color as the background, it

    can make it difficult for viewers to

    see the subject, which can be

    All the pictures in this guidebook are the

    works of the author, with the exception of

    the diagram on page 10.

  • 10

    Aperture Simply put, aperture is the size of

    the opening in the lens3. When you

    press on the shutter release button

    to take a picture, a hole opens in

    the cameras lens which allows light

    to enter, giving the image sensor a

    look at the scene which you are

    about to shoot. The aperture setting

    controls the size of that hole. The

    larger the hole, the more light that

    enters; the smaller the hole, the

    less light entering the lens. Aperture

    is measured in f-stops. The diagram

    above shows how increasing the f-

    stop number affects the size of the

    hole.3

    3Darren Rose, Digital Photography School, http://digital-photography-school.com/aperture/ (accessed 15 Nov, 2015).

    10

    Aperture Simply put, aperture is the size of

    the opening in the lens3. When you

    press on the shutter release button

    to take a picture, a hole opens in

    the cameras lens which allows light

    to enter, giving the image sensor a

    look at the scene which you are

    about to shoot. The aperture setting

    controls the size of that hole. The

    larger the hole, the more light that

    enters; the smaller the hole, the

    less light entering the lens. Aperture

    is measured in f-stops. The diagram

    above shows how increasing the f-

    stop number affects the size of the

    hole.3

    3Darren Rose, Digital Photography School, http://digital-photography-school.com/aperture/ (accessed 15 Nov, 2015).

  • 11

    Switching from one f-stop to the

    next doubles or halves the size of

    the aperture. The smaller the

    number of the f-stop, the bigger

    the aperture and vice versa4. When

    you change between apertures, you

    will see a change in depth of field of

    the image. Depth of Field, or DOF, is

    the term for how much of your

    photo will be in focus. Larger depth

    of field means most of the shot will

    be in focus, whereas shallow depth

    of field means only a small part of

    the shot will be in focus. Larger

    apertures result in a shallower

    depth of field; smaller apertures

    result in a larger depth of field.4

    4Darren Rose, Digital Photogra