The Art of Ancient Greece and Rome Architecture Sculpture.

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  • Slide 1
  • The Art of Ancient Greece and Rome Architecture Sculpture
  • Slide 2
  • Ancient Greece 650 B.C. 150 B.C. Art Architecture Poetry Drama Philosophy Government, law, logic History and mathematics Humanism Human figure principle motif Ideal proportions Stressed harmony, order, clarity of thought Origin of Western Civilization
  • Slide 3
  • Ancient Greece Asia Minor Modern Turkey ITALY
  • Slide 4
  • Greek Architecture During the Classical Period 480 323 BC
  • Slide 5
  • Artists drawing of the Acropolis, Athens c. 438 BC
  • Slide 6
  • Acropolis Nearly every Greek city had an acropolis (high city) a walled fort for protection As city moved outwards, Athens's acropolis became religious center Athens's acropolis was premier temple complex of all Greece Hill is dominated by two temples to Athena- Parthenon and Erechtheum
  • Slide 7
  • The Acropolis Today Parthenon Erechtheum
  • Slide 8
  • Parthenon Parthenon built on Acropolis in Athens Temple is the model for thousands of buildings in western world Colors have worn away Sculptures removed to other lands Explosion in 1687
  • Slide 9
  • The Parthenon 447 438 BC
  • Slide 10
  • Elements: What you see What lines do you see? Where would you have seen diagonal lines? What shapes do you see?
  • Slide 11
  • Technical Properties: How it was made What materials were used in construction? Marble How long do you think it took to build? 15 years
  • Slide 12
  • DORIC ORDER Entablature Capital
  • Slide 13
  • The Parthenon detail of interior frieze Depicts idealized Athenian soldiers on horseback
  • Slide 14
  • North front of the Erechtheum IONIC ORDER
  • Slide 15
  • Caryatids on the Erechtheum Porch Sculptural columns Classical ideal of youth, beauty,perfect proportions Warning!!! Betrayal will be punished
  • Slide 16
  • CORINTHIAN ORDER Used mostly in colonies Taller with leaf capital Favorite of Romans Temple of Zeus 6 th Century B.C.E.
  • Slide 17
  • Greek Vase Painting Virtually all paintings and frescoes of ancient Greece have been destroyed Visual record is saved on pottery Most displayed geometric pattern and figure drawing Scenes often related to function of pot often with heroes or gods
  • Slide 18
  • Amphora Analatos Painter c. 700 BC Geometric Style Geometric patterns Do figures look real?
  • Slide 19
  • Archaic Period Amphora by Exekias c. 530 BC What are they doing?
  • Slide 20
  • GREEK SCULPTURE Classical Period 5 th -4 th Century BC Anatomically correct Capable of movement Facial expressions are serene Idealized youth and beauty Influenced Renaissance Artists in 15 th C
  • Slide 21
  • Classical Period The Discus Thrower by Myron c. 480 450 BC Original was bronze - only copies remain Elements of Classical Style Anatomical detail Sense of motion S-curves Idealized youth and beauty
  • Slide 22
  • Aphrodite de Melos Original c. 480 - copy c. 150 BC Classical Period Who is she? 6 8 tall Rescued from scrap pile Now in Louvre Museum in Paris Better know as?
  • Slide 23
  • The Art of Ancient Rome Architecture Sculpture 509 BCE 476 CE
  • Slide 24
  • Roman Empire included: Entire Mediterranean and Black Sea worlds All of western Europe Ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Slide 25
  • Ancient Rome Recognized greatness of Greek art Borrowed from it Added emotion and realism to sculpture to honor and celebrate Roman leaders and citizens Changed architecture with development of concrete and supporting arch
  • Slide 26
  • Portrait Bust of Julius Caesar Created as Julius Caesar was attempting to become emperor Portrait busts were the specialty of Roman artiststhere are thousands! Usually marble or bronze Commemorated, glorified or promoted a prominent citizen Many busts were originally painted What makes this bust look realistic? Sunken cheeks, lines around mouth, wrinkled brow 50 BCE, marble
  • Slide 27
  • Portrait Bust of Aristotle *2 nd Century BCE Roman copy of Greek original (c. 325 BCE) Aristotle, who lived from 384 to 322 BCE, is one of the important founding figures in Western Philosophy Remarkable for realism and expressiveness
  • Slide 28
  • Faces were carved to be realistic. ..warts and all!
  • Slide 29
  • Portrait Bust of an Elderly Woman 40-20 BCE, marble, 10 high There is still red pigment on the hair, lips, eyebrows and eyelashes There is still black pigment in the right eye Hair style reflects the fashion of the time Created in the late Republic/Early Empire Period What is her expression? Somber, Serious
  • Slide 30
  • Augustus of Prima Porta Portrayed as orator (outstretched arm) and General (dressed in a breastplate) Larger than life Deified after death Relief sculpture on larger sculpture How does this sculpture show movement? Position of feet, legs, arm Where does this sculpture show texture? Hair, breastplate, draped clothing 19 BCE, marble, 7 high
  • Slide 31
  • The Colosseum How is this different from Greek building?
  • Slide 32
  • The Colosseum Romans were excellent planners and engineers Two main contributions to architecture: Cement Arch Colosseum covers 6 acres Seating capacity 50,000 Still one of the largest single buildings in the world
  • Slide 33
  • Colosseum Exterior Large masses of stone from Colosseum used to construct new buildings Stopped around 1032 Four levels Lower three different Greek column Decorative only do not support walls
  • Slide 34
  • Different column type on each level
  • Slide 35
  • Name that column DORICIONICCORINTHIAN
  • Slide 36
  • The Arch of Constantine Arches constructed in battlefield to celebrate victory Permanent arches built in Rome Relief sculptures show heroes of the battle Find the keystone
  • Slide 37
  • Trajans Column Trajan conquered what today is Romania Column is to celebrate the victory 650 ft spiral band includes 150 separate episodes Includes thousands of figures 100 high (125 with statue) Spiral staircase inside leads to top
  • Slide 38
  • Trajans Column - Detail Sculpture showing historical event is uniquely Roman Spiral band of sculpture or frieze is about 42 wide First visual documentary
  • Slide 39
  • Astoria Column Patterned on Trajans Column Pictorial frieze using sgraffito technique Built to honor: Captain Robert Grey Lewis and Clark Arrival of the Great Northern Railway Story reads from bottom up Interior staircase that leads to cupola
  • Slide 40
  • The Pantheon Temple dedicated to all the gods Dome resting on a cylindrical base Both made of poured concrete Walls are 20 feet thick Portico (porch) in front (Greek) Every country in western world has borrowed the Pantheon design Including the United States Capitol
  • Slide 41
  • The Pantheon
  • Slide 42
  • What kind of columns are these? Who commissioned the Pantheon? Corinthian! Marcus Agrippa
  • Slide 43
  • The dome represents the dome of heaven and used to be gilded Yes, that is a hole in the roof! It is called an oculus (eye) rain? The repeating recessed squares within the dome reduce its weight and mass Niches in the walls contain statues of famous Romans The dome is supported by the cylindrical base Interior of Pantheon c 1740 Giovanni Pannini
  • Slide 44
  • Lakewood Center Built in 1893 Rebuilt in 1928 with the current faade
  • Slide 45
  • Greek or Roman? Columns? GREEK! ROMAN! Base with step? Pediment? Bust? Niche? Arch with keystone? GREEK! ROMAN!
  • Slide 46
  • Roman 2-D Art
  • Slide 47
  • Art in Ancient Rome took on a wider, and sometimes more utilitarian, purpose than Greek art. Roman culture assimilated many cultures and was for the most part tolerant of the art forms of conquered peoples. Roman art was commissioned, displayed, and owned in far greater quantities, and adapted to more uses than in Ancient Greece. Wealthy Romans decorated their walls with art, their home with decorative objects, and themselves with fine jewelry.
  • Slide 48
  • View of a Garden from Villa of Livia Fresco 20 BCE Rome, Italy What did Ancient Romans do if they did not have a view from a real window? Paint the view on the wall Can you spot the birds in the air and the fruit on the trees? What makes this fresco symmetrically balanced?
  • Slide 49
  • Entry and Atrium with Dog Mosaic Pompeii, Italy
  • Slide 50
  • Mausoleum of Galla Placidia 425 ce Ravenna, Italy What is a mausoleum?
  • Slide 51
  • Portrait of a Woman in Mosaic (1 st Century Naples, Italy) Different colors of mosaic pieces create light and shadow Pieces in face are arranged organically Pieces in background are arranged geometrically Notice the Roman style of making portraits realistic
  • Slide 52
  • Hands-On Project Roman Mosaic
  • Slide 53
  • Step 1 : Choose template or create own with graph paper and transfer to cardboard circle. Step 2: Assemble colored paper squares on board in design chosen. You may need to cut squares into triangles or smaller pieces to fit your pattern. Step 3: Glue mosaic pieces into place, leaving slight gaps. Step 4: Display your beautiful mosaic Step 5:

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