Test-Taking Tactics. 2 “Knowing is not enough; we must apply.” -- Goethe

Download Test-Taking Tactics. 2 “Knowing is not enough; we must apply.” -- Goethe

Post on 16-Dec-2015

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Test-Taking Tactics
  • Slide 2
  • 2 Knowing is not enough; we must apply. -- Goethe
  • Slide 3
  • Anatomy of a multiple-choice question O Scenario: Background information, objective data or subjective data O Stem: The statement that asks the question O The correct answer O Those pesky incorrect answers 3
  • Slide 4
  • Try not to read into the question O Avoid getting into what if territory O Pay attention to only the information in the question O Pay special attention to words that clue you into what the question is asking 4
  • Slide 5
  • Test-taking ideas O Decide what the stem asking O Try to answer it in your own words before checking the options O Eliminate the options that dont answer what the stem is specifically asking O Usually you can reduce plausible answers to just two 5
  • Slide 6
  • 6 Do not use!
  • Slide 7
  • 7
  • Slide 8
  • AssessmentDiagnosisPlanningImplementationEvaluation 8
  • Slide 9
  • Assessment O Words suggesting the question is asking you to focus on assessment: assess, inspect, identify, verify, observe, question, check, determine, notify, inform, stressors, responses, signs and symptoms, verbal and nonverbal, clinical findings, sources, perceptions 9
  • Slide 10
  • Diagnosis O Words suggesting the question is asking you to focus on diagnosis: nursing diagnosis, organize, categorize, cluster, reexamine, reflect, interpret, formulate, pattern, problem, significant, statement, contribute, relevant, valid, decision, analyze O Relates to frameworks such as Maslows hierarchy 10
  • Slide 11
  • Planning O Words suggesting the question is focused on planning: achieve, desired, plan, effective, desired result, determine, goal, priority, develop, formulate, establish, design, prevent, strategy, select, anticipate, modify, collaborate, arrange, coordinate, expect, outcome 11
  • Slide 12
  • Implementation O Words suggesting the question is focused on implementation: dependent, independent, change, assist, counsel, teach, instruct, implement, give, supervise, perform, procedure, treatment, strategy, facilitate, provide, inform, refer, technique, delegate 12
  • Slide 13
  • Evaluation Words suggesting the question is focused on evaluation: evaluate, expected, met, desired, compared, succeeded, achieved, failed, modified, reassess, ineffective, response. 13
  • Slide 14
  • Pick out negatives or absolutes O Negatives: not, except, never, violate, needs further education, needs more teaching, contraindicated, unacceptable, avoid, unrelated O Or absolutes: just, always, never, all, every, none, only, must 14
  • Slide 15
  • Find words that set a priority O These are words that modify whats being asked: O First, initial, best, priority, safest, most, most important, most likely, lost appropriate, immediate, essential, nest, least appropriate, least likely 15
  • Slide 16
  • Clues O Opposites O Plausible options O Facts in series O Denying or minimizing patients feelings or concerns or needs 16
  • Slide 17
  • Whos the central person? O The central person is the one receiving the care O Other folks in the stem may be there to distract you O To answer, focus on the patient 17
  • Slide 18
  • Critical thinking O Identify the key concept O Try not to read into the question O Study the rationales 18
  • Slide 19
  • 19 Having a sense of salience being able to recognize what is more or less important in a clinical situation is the beginning point for clinical reasoning within a situation. -- Patricia Benner
  • Slide 20
  • As Goethe said Knowing is not enough; we must apply. 20