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TERPS vs. PANS-Ops. Presented By Mr. Guy Gribble General Manager, International Flight Resources, LLC. Instrument Procedure Design and Operational Differences. TERPS vs. PANS-Ops. They Are The Same, Only Different Departures Holding Arrival Maneuvering Approaches Missed Approaches. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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TERPS vs. PANS-Ops

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsInstrument Procedure Design and Operational DifferencesPresented ByMr. Guy GribbleGeneral Manager, International Flight Resources, LLC

Current as of APR 2013They Are The Same, Only Different DeparturesHoldingArrival ManeuveringApproachesMissed ApproachesTERPS vs. PANS-OpsPANS-Ops Volume II, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 3, Units of MeasurementPANS-Ops Volume II, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 3, Units of MeasurementTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 210, Units of Measurement

They Are The Same, Only Different Physics, Aerodynamics, MathematicsUnits of MeasureUS Customary Units vs. MetersConversions ?Rounding of NumbersFix Tolerances and AccuracyFlight Technical ErrorsTERPS vs. PANS-OpsPANS-Ops Volume II, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 3, Units of MeasurementPANS-Ops Volume II, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 3, Units of MeasurementTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 210, Units of Measurement

Who is In Charge Here ? State (Country)Aeronautical Information Publication, AIPFlight Check, MaintainPublish, ReviseDesign CriteriaStandard design developmentRole of the Procedure DesignerPilot operational proceduresICAO, International Civil Aviation OrganizationSARPS vs. Documents

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsWhere Does This Data Come From ? State (Country)Commercial ProviderWGS-84 Compliant ?AirportCountrySomewhere ?TERPS vs. PANS-Ops

ICAO Annex 11, Paragraph 2.28, Common Reference SystemICAO Annex 14, Paragraph 1.3, Common Reference SystemNOAA FAQs on WGS-84, http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/faq.shtml

Reproduced with permission of Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. Not to be used for navigation.RussiaChinaIndiaNAD 83 datum system is acceptable for GPS positioningStandard Instrument Departure Normal OperationsMaintain the Ground TrackMaintain the Required Climb GradientTERPS vs. PANS-OpsX

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TERPS, Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 2ePANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 2, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.1.2PANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.7 Abnormal and Emergency Operations14 CFR 25.121, FAA Airworthiness Standards, Transport Category Airplanes CS 25.121, EASA Certification Specifications for Large Aeroplanes

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TERPS vs. Pans-Ops vs. FAR 25Standard Instrument Departure Vertically SpeakingDeparture End Of RunwayDER15?1,500 Feet AFL5 MMSA35 Ft ?MSACountry survey of obstructions, BGBW, Narsarsuaq, Greenland14 CFR 25.121, FAA Airworthiness Standards, Transport Category Airplanes CS 25.121, EASA Certification Specifications for Large Aeroplanes

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure If straight out will not work Climb faster over obstacleTurn away from obstacleKeep in sight, See and avoidClimb in a safe sector away from obstacleSpeed limitingCombinations of any of the above

XXXXXXXXXXXXPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 2, Para. 2.7, Procedure Design GradientTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.4.4 Multiple Climb Gradient ApplicationPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 3, Paragraph 3.3, Turning DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 3, Departure Routes

152 Feet per NM OCS 48 Feet per NM ROC 200 FEET PER NMDERTERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Climb Faster Over ObstacleRequires 350'/NM Until Reaching MSA Maintain 4.3% Until Reaching 1700MSL MSA35 Ft ?.8% MOC3.3%2.5% OISMSA5 MPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 2, Para. 2.7, Procedure Design GradientTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.4.4 Multiple Climb Gradient ApplicationPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 3, Paragraph 3.3, Turning DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 3, Departure Routes

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Turn Away From Obstacle 2 NMInitial Climb Area 3.5 KMArea 1500' 500'15 SplayTake-Off Run Available= Runway available for ground run (No clearway)Rule of Thumb: 10%increase in TOGW= 20%increase in TO DistancePANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 3, Departure RoutesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.6, Initial Climb Area14 CFR 121.189, 135.379, EU-Ops 1.495ICAO Annex 6, Part 1, Attachment C, Para. 5, Take-off Obstacle Clearance Limitations

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Turn Away From Obstacle 2 NMInitial Climb Area 3.5 KMArea 1500' 500'15 SplayTake-Off Run Available= Runway available for ground run (No clearway)Rule of Thumb: 10%increase in TOGW= 20%increase in TO DistancePANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 3, Departure RoutesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.6, Initial Climb Area14 CFR 121.189, 135.379, EU-Ops 1.495ICAO Annex 6, Part 1, Attachment C, Para. 5, Take-off Obstacle Clearance Limitations

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure, TERPSKeep in Sight and Tell Pilot to "See and Avoid"

15 MAXTake Off Minimums800/2Visual Climb Over AirportHazard Beacons on top of hill to the east clearly visible or Take Off Minimums600/1XPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 5, Published Information for DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 4, Visual Climb Over AirportPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 4, Omnidirectional DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 2, Diverse Departures

TERPS vs. PANS-Ops15 MAXNo Departure Turns EastDiverse Departure EvaluationX25 or 46 NMStandard Instrument Departure, TERPSClimb in a Safe Sector

Take-Off Run Available= Runway available for ground run (No clearway)Rule of Thumb: 10%increase in TOGW= 20%increase in TO Distance

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsXStandard Instrument Departure, PANS-OpsClimb in a Safe Sector

PANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 5, Published Information for DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 4, Visual Climb Over AirportPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 4, Omnidirectional DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 2, Diverse Departures"

No Turns EastboundXTERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure, PANS-OpsClimb in a Safe Sector

PANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 5, Published Information for DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 4, Visual Climb Over AirportPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 3, Chapter 4, Omnidirectional DeparturesTERPS Volume 4, Chapter 2, Diverse Departures

Reproduced with permission of Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. Not to be used for navigation.TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Minimum Safe Altitude, MSA TERPS25NM terrain only, no guarantee of navaid receptionTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 221, Minimum Safe/Sector AltitudesAeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 5-4-5c Minimum Safe/Sector Altitude

Reproduced with permission of Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. Not to be used for navigation.TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Minimum Sector Altitude, MSA PANS-OpsTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 221, Minimum Safe/Sector AltitudesAeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 5-4-5c Minimum Safe/Sector AltitudePANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 1, Definitions: Minimum Sector AltitudesPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 4, Chapter 8, Minimum Sector Altitudes (MSA)ICAO Annex 4, "Definitions" and Appendix 2 Item #171, 172

Reproduced with permission of Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc. Not to be used for navigation.TERPS vs. PANS-OpsStandard Instrument Departure Minimum Safe Altitude, MSA PANS-OpsTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph 221, Minimum Safe/Sector AltitudesAeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 5-4-5c Minimum Safe/Sector AltitudePANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 1, Chapter 1, Definitions: Minimum Sector AltitudesPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 1, Section 4, Chapter 8, Minimum Sector Altitudes (MSA)ICAO Annex 4, "Definitions" and Appendix 2 Item #171, 172TERPS vs. PANS-OpsTERPS vs. PANS-OpsHolding TimingPANS-OpsTERPS>14,000 = 1.5 Minute 14,000 = 1 MinutePANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 4, Chapter 3, Paragraph 3.3 Flight Procedures for Racetrack and Reversal ProceduresFAAs Instrument Procedures Handbook, FAA-H-8261-1A Chapter 3, Page 3-25, High Performance Holding

PANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 6, Chapter 1, Paragraph 1.4.9 Time/Distance OutboundFAAs Aeronautical Information Manual, Chapter 5, Section 3, Para. 5-3-7 Holding >14,000 = 240>6,000 14,000 = 220 KIAS 6,000 = 210

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsTERPS vs. PANS-OpsHolding Speeds >34,000 = IMN.83>20,000 34,000 = 265 KIAS>14,000 20,000 = 240 KIAS 14,000 = 230 KIASPANS-OpsTERPS 265 230/210KIAS 200 KIASPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 2, Section 4, Chapter 1, Conventional Holding CriteriaFAA Order 7130.3A, Holding Pattern Criteria, Chapter 1, Chapter 3PANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 4, Chapter 3, Para. 3.3.8, ShuttleTransport Canada, AIM RAC 10.0, Paragraph 10.9 Shuttle ProcedureNATS UK, AIP Enroute 1.5 Holding, Approach and Departure Procedures Chapter 3, Paragraph 3.6 Shuttle Procedure

TERPS vs. PANS-OpsHolding Evaluated AirspacePANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 2, Section 4, Chapter 1, Conventional Holding CriteriaPANS-Ops Volume 2, Part 3, Section 3, Chapter 7, RNAV Holding CriteriaFAA Order 7130.3A, Holding Pattern Criteria, Chapter 1TERPS vs. PANS-OpsDefinitions and Use ofEntry ProceduresEvaluated AirspaceObstacle ClearanceSpeedsSelection of Turn

XXXXXXXXXXXXArrivals and Maneuvering ProceduresPANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 4, Table I-4-1-2, Speeds for Procedure Calculation in Knots, Category C/D Speeds for Initial ApproachPANS-Ops Volume 1, Part 1, Section 4, Table I-4-1-3, Rate of Descent in the Final Approach Segment, w/o FAFTERPS Volume 1, Chapter 2, Paragraph #234, Initial Approach Segment Based on a PTFAAs AIM Chapter 5, Paragraph 5-4-9, Procedure Turn and Hold-in-lieu of Procedure Turn

Holding In lieu ofTeardrop10 NM Limit80/26045/180RacetrackBase TurnTurn pointEntry Sector80/26045/180TERPS vs. PANS-OpsArrivals