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  • Technology and Teaching: How Technology Can Improve Classroom InstructionKevin M. JohnstonDirector, MSU TA Programskmj@msu.edu

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Workshop Goals/MaterialsToday, well be

    Covering some basics of pedagogical theory and teaching principlesWorking through examples of classroom presentation methods that inhibit rather than enhance learningTaking a look at slide examples

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Technology and Pedagogy If Technology Is the Answer, What Is the Question?Bates & Poole, xiii

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Get Out Your Pens!Complete this sentence : As a teacher, I hope technology can help me

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*The Larger Continuum of Technology-Based Learning(Are teachers disappearing?)Face-to-Face Classroom Face-To-Face + Distance teaching aids e-learning (mixed) educationNo E-LearningFully E-LearningBates & Poole (2003)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Classroom Technology and Learning What do we mean by Learning Theory?Learning involves: Acquiring knowledge of facts, principles, ideas, and concepts, events, relationships, rules and laws; andUsing or working on that knowledge to develop skills.(Olson & Bruner, 1974)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Learner-Centered Teaching(Are we as teachers losing our power!) Includes the learner in decisions about curriculum, instruction, & assessment Acknowledges, respects and accommodates differences in background, abilities, styles, and experiencesTreats learners as co-creators in the teaching and learning process.

    (Barr & Tagg, 1995)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*My Own Theories?

    Reinforce traditional teacher/student relationshipsInhibit rather than enhance student learningMake teachers and students less effective communicators Even with all the new bells and whistles, classroom presentational technology can easily:

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Power Point (or, whatever)General RULES:

    1. Be Simple or simplify difficult material2. Use it as a supplement, NOT the entire presentation3. Focus on Learning, NOT Technology

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*More Important Power Point TIPSBASIC RULES of USEAGEHumans see graphics first, then textKeep information in a logical flow6 points or Less per slide/pageUse large type Consistently Minimum 24 pointEmploy Other Media/Board/Overheads if Possible

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Too Much Information?

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*LGR Global BenchmarkingTo leverage global lessons, XXXX has established a project career center that serves as the focal point for implementing common best practices at both its XXXXX plants and existing manufacturing facilities. Team Leaders with international manufacturing experience both inside and outside XXXX work with each program to implement common best systems in the areas of stamping, body, paint, general assembly, facilities, material, information technology, purchasing, finance, business case planning, people systems, and quality systems. Representatives from the XXX XXXX in all phases of the LGR Project. (See slide 46.)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Have you ever thought

    Wow! Look at all those pictures I can use! I can get the WHOLE equation up on the board!

    (And all at one time!) See how much MORE we can cover!

    (With Less! Or WAIT! MORE!)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*

    Consider a random sampling process in which all the outcomes solely depend on the chance, i.e., each outcome is equally likely to happen. If the collection of all possible outcomes is U and the collection of desired outcomes is A , the probability of the desired outcomes is: P(A) = number of A = n(A) number of U n(U)Since A is a subset of U (see Set Theory), 0 < n (A)< (U) , the probability of the desired outcomes is: 0 < P (A) < 1 Accordingly, the probability of an unwanted outcome is:

    P() = n() = n(U)-n(A) = 1 - n(A) = 1 P(A) n(U) n(U) n(U)Statistics/Probability Theory

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Historically, three equations were of fundamental interest and exhibit distinctive behaviour. These led to the clarification of three types of second-order linear differential equations of great interest. The Laplace equation 22 d u + d u = 0 2 2 dx dyapplies to potential energy functions u=u(x,y) for a conservative force field in the plane. PDEs of this type are called elliptic. The Heat Equation 22 d u + d u = du 2 2 dt dx dy

    applies to the temperature distribution u(x,y) in the plane when heat is allowed to flow from warm areas to cool ones. PDEs of this type are parabolic. The Wave Equation (See Next Slide!) Partial Differential Equations (PDEs)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*22 2 d u + d u = d u 2 2 2 dx dy dt

    applies to the heights u(x,y) of vibrating membranes and other wave functions. PDEs of this type are called hyperbolic. The analyses of these three types of equations are quite distinct in character. Allowing non-constant coefficients, we see that the solution of a general second-order linear PDE may change character from point to point. These behaviours generalize to nonlinear PDEs as well. PDEs continued

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*There is more to life than increasing its speed.Mohandes Gandhi

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*The Linear(?) Learning Syndromes (How might technology contribute to these?) Content Coverage = Teaching SUCCESS!

    (The Hang-On-Were-Gonna-Make-It! Syndrome)Avoid Going Back! Dont Slow Down!

    (The You-Should-Have-Gotten-That-Earlier! Syndrome)Always build upon existing knowledge!

    (The What-Do-You-Mean-You-Dont-Remember? Syndrome)

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Never, Ever Retreat!Syndrome Two:You-Should-Have-Gotten-That-EarlierThe analyses of these three types of equations, elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic are quite distinct in character. Allowing non-constant coefficients, we see that the solution of a general second-order linear PDE may change character from point to point. These behaviours generalize to nonlinear PDEs as well. Modern approaches seek methods applicable to non-linear PDEs as well as linear ones. In this context existence and uniqueness results, and theorems concerning the regularity of solutions, are more difficult.

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*To PowerPoint, or not to PowerPoint?What Works? What Doesnt?Any Drawbacks?What Do Our Students Want?Do We Give It to Them?

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation

  • Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation*Teaching media provide us with other voices. D. E. Levy, 2003. University of Miami, Ohio.

    Teaching With Technology - 2007 ITA Orientation