technical insights: top technologies report - advanced manufacturing technology cluster

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  1. 1. Top Technologies Report Advanced Manufacturing Technology Cluster (Technical Insights) We Accelerate Growth D -TI 2011
  2. 2. Research Methodology Outline 2 3 4 5 1 Enhanced Manufacturing Flexibility Improved Product Quaity Greater visibility into manufacturing practices Drive for Enhanced Productivity in Global Marketplace Product Miniaturization Key Technology Trends--Evaluation ScaleKey Technology Trends in the AMT Sector
  3. 3. Micro and Nano Technologies in Manufacturing Advances in Machine Vision Lasers for Manufacturing Robots in Manufacturing Key Technologies in the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Cluster Top Technologies Advanced Manufacturing Technology ClusterAdvancements in Predictive Maintenance
  4. 4. Micro and Nano Technologies Machine Vision Predictive Maintenance Lasers
    • A wider range of micro parts will be made; e.g., actuators, gears, valves, pumps, optics, fluidics
    • Silicon micromachining will be used in a wider range of MEMS devices (e.g., chemical sensors, bolometer, resonators/oscillators
    • Greater opportunities for nano-made structures/ devices in electronics, sensors, etc..
    • Greater use of digital cameras
    • CMOS image sensors continue to usurp CCD image sensors in industrial machine vision
    • Expanded opportunities for 3D vision in inspection, quality control, process control, object localization/recognition, as well as in consumer electronics, automotive safety, biometrics.
    • Greater use of adaptive vision systems in demanding inspection tasks
    • Implementation of multispectral sensors/.cameras in industrial vision
    • Greater impact of MEMS sensors/systems in condition monitoring
    • Adoption of energy harvesting with greater power output and increased wireless equipment monitoring
    • Integration of autonomous, intelligent sensors, energy harvesting, and wireless sensors for machine condition monitoring
    Developments in, for example, the defense sector will push laser power, which will benefit manufacturing Fiber optic lasers will suit a greater number of manufacturing applications Expanding materials and markets for laser-based additive manufacturing techniques Further adoption of all-fiber lasers and direct diode lasers Position of CO2 lasers will remain strong Opportunities for advanced gain materials to offer new wavelengths at higher powers Supercontinuum lasers will be applicable to manufacturing Advances in laser miniaturization, efficiency, power, wavelength stability, robustness, spectrum broadening, decreasing cost Key Opportunities and Applications
  5. 5. Micro and Nano Technologies in Manufacturing
  6. 6. Industry Overview
    • Innovative micro and nano manufacturing technologies are becoming increasingly required as an ever larger number of products become further miniaturized and require micromachining.
    • Moreover, micromachining is in greater demand as parts not only decrease in size but increase in complexity.
    • There is increasing interest in parts with feature sizes of less than 100 micrometers (around the width of a human hair).
      • Micromachining equipment and techniques are used to manufacture diverse types of products, such as:
      • MEMS (microelectromechanical systems) sensors or devices
      • Medical components (including molds, leads, implantable devices)
      • Microfluidic channels
      • Micro-valves; Filters
      • Tiny actuators and motors
      • Lenses and optical devices
    • Larger (non-table-top machines) can be used to make micro parts.A high-precision machining center from Makino, weighing 18,078 pounds, is cable of positioning accuracy of 1 micrometer or better in micro milling.
    • In the face of greater demands in machining miniature parts, driven by expanding micron and sub-micron manufacturing requirements, the design and construction ofmachine tools, work and tool holders, cutting tools and electrodes that are capable of making much higher accuracy and precision parts will become further enhanced.
    • Compound micro machining has the ability to fabricate high aspect ratio microstructures (e.g., deep, tall microstructures with vertical sidewalls) with high dimensional accuracy.
    • Implementation of compound manufacturing can be enhanced by on-machine tool fabrication and on-machine tool and work piece measurement capabilities.
    • Makino reportedly has complimentary processes, including micromilling and EDM; and, depending on the device, such as a TEM (transmission electron microscope) holder or SEM (scanning electron microscope) products, both milling and EDM processes would be used.
    Compound Micromachining
  7. 7. Different Types of Micromachining Techniques Source: Frost & Sullivan Micro milling Electrical Discharge Machining Laser MachiningBulk or Surface Micromachining Nano Manufacturing Photolithography Micromachining Techniques
  8. 8. Nano Manufacturing Techniques: Nanolithography & Nano Imprint Lithography NanoManufacturingTechniques Nano Self-AssemblyNanolithography NanoimprintLithography (NIL)
    • Nanolithography
    • Nanolithography is used in the fabrication of, for example, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS).
    • Optical lithography techniques will not likely be cost effective with respect to feature sizes below 11-22nm.
    • NIL
    • NIL a 3D patterning process, is a method of fabricating nanometer scale patterns by mechanical deformation of the imprint resist and subsequent processes.
    • Concerns about nanoimprint technology have included overlay issues, defects, slow template patterning at the smallest resolution, potential for template wear.
    • NIL has potential for high-throughput, high-resolution parallel patterning in such applications as magnetic media and optical devices (such as planar diffractive optical elements for LED or LED lighting, emissive heads-up displays, or large area optical light deviation elements on glass (areas which have been by the European Commission NaPANIL project).
    Source: Frost & Sullivan
  9. 9. Machine Vision
  10. 10. D - TI Imaging for Machine Vision SensorsIllumination Systems Optics for Image Acquisition The image acquired using these components is processed in order to produce information that can be used for purposes such as inspection, sorting and grading for quality control. The part of the electromagnetic spectrum to be used for imaging depends on the nature of the application; for example, the physical and chemical composition of the object to be imaged, the ambient light conditions at the location of inspection, the size of the object to be imaged, the parameter that is to be inspected (size, color, shape, temperature, internal defects etc.) and the accuracy and speed required. Light emitting diodes (LEDs), which offer small size, low energy consumption, reliability and cover different spectral ranges, are a preferred lighting sources in industrial vision.Overview Machine Vision Systems
  11. 11. D - TI Major Application Sectors Vision Systems 3D Vision Systems Vision systems are also finding opportunities in, for example, LCD glass applications (such as positioning of LCD glass substrates), thin-film inspection, as well as the solar industry (e.g., solar wafer/panel inspection). Moreover, 3D vision sensors are finding applications in such areas as on-board vehicle safety systems, consumer electronics, and biometrics, in addition to the more traditional industrial automation and defense application areas Industrial machine vision systems are applied in such industries as: Aerospace, Automotive, Pharmaceutical, Food and Beverage, Agriculture, Packaging, Electronics & Semiconductor (a high-end application area where vision systems are used in metrology and inspection of integrated circuit packages), Paper and Printing, Glass, Textiles, Wood.
    • Aerospace and Defense
    • Terrestrial and airborne surveillance using LiDAR
    • 3D Imaging for automated vehicles vision guided target tracking
    • Industrial Automation and Machine Vision
    • Reverse Engineering, Additive manufacturing, Rapid Prototyping
    • Vision guided robots bin picking applications, Autonomous vehicles
    • Factory automation lines, Quality control Inspection, Process control
    • Biometrics and Surveillance
    • 3D fingerprint recognition for homeland security
    • 3D facial recognition
    • Gaming and Consumer Electronics
    • Potential for 3D Sensors in mobile devices
    • Gesture recognition 3D Gaming
    • Natural interaction based living room interfaces
  12. 12. Representative Industry Participants in KeySegments D - TI Basler AG, Teledyne Dalsa, Sony Electronics, PixeLINK, JAI 3-D Vision Systems Multispectral ImagingSensors or Cameras Vision Based Robotic Guidance MV Softwareor Video AnalyticsDigital Cameras for Machine Vision Vision SensorsorSmart Cameras Teledyne Dalsa, Cognex, OmniVison, Omorn Electronics, Eastman Kodak, CMOSIS, Augusta technologie/LMI Technologies, e2v Technologies. SICK, Leutron Vision; FLIR Systems; Velodyne Lidar, Microsoft (acquired Canesta) JAI, Sensors Unlimited (Goodrich), Xenics, Banpil Photonics SICK, Augusta Technologie/LMI Technologies, Inc., Microsoft, PMD Technologies ( 3D time


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