teaching the ten steps to better web research

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We offer an outstanding Web search tutorial called "Ten Steps to Better Web Research" at www.SweetSearch.com/TenSteps This presentation provides background, reference material and advice for teaching the Ten Steps. For supplementary material, see http://bit.ly/teachtensteps


  • Teaching the Ten Steps to Better Web Research By Mark E. Moran & Shannon A. Firth Dulcinea Media
  • Links to studies & articles discussed are at the end of this presentation and at http://bit.ly/teachtensteps
  • Dulcinea Media provides free content & tools that help educators teach students how to use the Internet effectively. More about us and our products: http://www.DulcineaMedia.com Check out SweetSearch, A Search Engine for Students www.SweetSearch.com Sign-up for our free daily newsletter: http://www.findingdulcinea.com/info/newsletter.html Follow us on Twitter: @findingDulcinea & @findingEdu
  • Educator Reviews of Dulcinea Media
  • Educator Reviews
  • Educator Reviews
  • Our generation
  • Their generation
  • So, are digital natives experts at effectively finding information on the web, evaluating it and putting it to use?
  • Digital natives are extraordinarily sophisticated and strangely narrow.1
  • After a year long information literacy program, most fifth grade students continued to rely entirely on Google and never questioned the reliability of the websites they accessed. 2 -- Vrije University Netherlands
  • Even when high school students found a good source...
  • ... they did not recognize it and instead launched a new search.
  • Students high level of browsing at the expense of thinking about information need, planning for strategies and evaluating obtained information. 3 -- Shu Hsien L. Chen (2003)
  • Electronic media can overwhelm youth with information that they may not have the skills or experience to evaluate. And literacy skills overlap with safety skills. 4 -- Harvards Berkman Center for Internet & Society, March 2010
  • Students without access to librarians teaching Web research skills show up at college beyond hope.they have learned to get by with Google.5 -- University College London
  • [S]tudents level of faith in their search engine of choice is so high that they do not feel the need to verify for themselves who authored the pages they view or what their qualifications might be. 6 -- Eszter Hargittai, et al Northwestern University Intl J. of Communications 4 (2010) College Students in 2010
  • Not one of the 600 college students surveyed "could give an adequate conceptual definition of how Google returns results.the word magic came up a lot. 7 --ERIAL study (Illinois)
  • In 2010 Dulcinea Media Surveyed 300 middle school and high school students in New York. 8 In 2010 Dulcinea Media Surveyed 300 middle school and high school students in New York. 8
  • How do you begin your search? Almost half of middle school students chose I type a question.
  • If a search doesnt give you good results...
  • I think real hard.
  • I focus on the encyclopedia.
  • II punch thepunch the screen.screen. Just kidding, LOLJust kidding, LOL..
  • How do you decide if an online article is a good source to use for a school report?
  • If it has the information I need, then its good for me. If it sounds good, I know its right, and it has good vocab.
  • I dont know. I just go with it.
  • How often do you check the author of an article?
  • About 2/3 of students say they rarely or never check the author of an article.
  • It doesnt really matter who wrote it...
  • How often do you check to see when an article was written or last updated?
  • Half of high school students and about 3/4 of middle school students say they rarely or never check the date of an article.
  • I cant find it.
  • In Conclusion. A majority of students: dont know how to form a sound search query; dont have a strategy for dealing with poor results; cant articulate how they know content is credible; dont check the author or date of an article.
  • Students Primary Strategy ... wildly firing random terms into a search box, and hoping theyll get lucky.
  • Why Teach Web Research? [T]he [b]illions spent to wire schools and universities is of little use unless students know how to retrieve useful information from the oceans of sludge on the Web.9 -- Geoffrey Nunberg, Professor UC Berkeley School of Information
  • Participation Gap Students with support are finding ways to thrive in complex digital information environment. 10
  • A New Divide Students with access to librarians teaching Web research skills take prize of better grades in college.5
  • An Informed Internet Citizenry [I]nitiatives that help educate people in this domain whether in formal or informal settings could play an important role in achieving an informed Internet citizenry.6 ---Eszter Hargittai, et al
  • Improving Internet skills starts with educators
  • Emerging research indicates that many teachers do not have the necessary skills to navigate the Internet. -- Barbara Combes, Professor, Edith Cowan University, Australia
  • Students see educators modeling an effective research process and learn from it. -Colette Cassinelli librarian/ technology teacher Portland, OR
  • Parents, teachers, librarians & friends need to play a role in scaffolding a learning environment. 10 -- John Palfrey, Co-director, Berkman Center, Sept 2010.
  • Those without access to web research training show up at college beyond hope.with an ingrained coping behaviour they have learned to get by with Google.5 -- University College London
  • There is No Quick Fix Effective web research skills cannot be learned in a week, a semester, or a year.
  • Not Integrated into Curriculum Research skills often are taught only by librarians are not always reinforced by classroom teachers.
  • [L]leaving information literacy to librarians alone suggests a failure to understand the scope of the problem.9 -- Geoffrey Nunberg
  • Web research skills must be taught throughout primary school years to break the culture of use currently seen in this generation of users. -- Barbara Combes
  • A New Approach? Educators must teach broad concepts and strategies, not how to use specific tools. -- Authors of ERIAL study
  • Use better interfaces and more sophisticated indexing methods to nudge students, incrementally, toward competence. 7 - Casper Grathwohl Oxford University Press
  • "Unless we can demonstrate some measurable payoff to searching, students arent going to do it. 7 - Lisa Rose-Wiles, Librarian Seton Hall University
  • A New Approach? We have shown the importance of looking at the whole process of information seeking and content evaluation from the first decision about which search engine or Web site to consult initially to the final stage of settling on a page with the sought-after content.7 ---Eszter Hargittai, et al Northwestern University Intl J. of Communicatio


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