Teachers’ notes - Scholastic ?· Teachers’ notes Common features of a mandir Hindu mandir designs…

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  • http://www.scholastic.co.uk

    www.scholastic.co.uk/junioredplus APRIL 2008

    Teachers notesCommon features of a mandir

    Hindu mandir designs follow the divine principles of Vishvakarma, the deity responsible for architects and craftsmen. Some common features of a mandir include:

    Murtis: sacred images of the deities, which are used as a focus for worship. Faithful Hindus visit the mandir regularly to see the murtis and offer reverence to them. Offerings of water, flowers, milk and other items are made to the murtis several times a day in sacred ceremonies.

    Garbhagriha: (meaning womb chamber) an inner-chamber housing the murtis (sacred images), which depict the gods to whom the temple is dedicated.

    Mahamandapa: the main assembly hall.

    Gopuram: a richly decorated tower marking the boundary between the sacred place and the world outside.

    Shikhara: towers covered with ornate carvings depicting Hindu mythology and often representing mountain peaks. They are usually built directly over the inner-sanctum. Shikharas tend to be found in the north of India, while gopurams are often found in the south.

    Dhwaja: (meaning flag) are flown on the top of the mandir to symbolise faith and worship.

    Other features: Some mandirs also contain, kitchens, dining areas, halls for cultural performances, shops selling religious artifacts, books and souvenirs, and racks for removing shoes.

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  • http://www.scholastic.co.uk

    www.scholastic.co.uk/junioredplus APRIL 2008

    Londons mandir quiz

    The Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in Neasden, London, was Europes first traditional Hindu temple. Use the information in the Mandir Concepts and Mandir Construction sections (found within the Mandir section) at www.mandir.org to answer the following questions about this amazing building:

    1. In which year was the mandir opened?

    2. From which two key materials is it built?

    3. How high is the mandir?

    4. Whose dream was it to build the mandir in London?

    5. Which language does the word mandir come from?

    6. What does darshan mean?

    7. What is thal?

    8. On what date was the first stone cut for the mandir?

    9. How many pillars does it contain?

    10. How many craftsmen were involved in carving the ceiling arches and stairs?

    11. What is the total area of the mandir?

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  • http://www.scholastic.co.uk

    www.scholastic.co.uk/junioredplus APRIL 2008

    Londons mandir quiz answers

    (Note: Children can find the answers to the quiz questions using the information in the Mandir Concepts and Mandir Construction sections (found within the Mandir section) at www.mandir.org As some of the text is quite wordy, younger or less able children may need assistance.)

    1. In which year was the mandir opened? 1995

    2. From which two key materials is it built? Bulgarian limestone and Italian marble

    3. How high is the mandir? 70ft

    4. Whose dream was it to build the mandir in London? Yogiji Maharaj

    5. Which language does the word mandir come from? Sanskrit

    6. What does darshan mean? seeing of the sacred murtis or images

    7. What is thal? regular offering of vegetarian food to the murtis

    8. Which date was the first stone cut for the mandir? 16 February 1993

    9. How many pillars does it contain? 193

    10. How many craftsmen were involved in carving the ceiling arches and stairs? 125

    11. What is the total area of the mandir? 1.5 acres

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