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1. Cleaning up the Lake Victoria with impact investing# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION!Water Hyacinth Disposal: A Comprehensive SolutionHoma Bay, Kenya, October 2014 2. # 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONThe Problem 3. The Problem in its urgency Lake Victoria (as also many other tropical lakes) - with an area comparable to Denmark ! -suffers from the excessive growth of non-indigenous plants! Exponential growth due to lack of natural enemies and perfect growth conditions! Estimates 2012 show that >30% of coastal areas are affected (with 60% growth rate)! Consequences: decrease of water quantity (consequences for River Nile) and quality, rapidlydeclining fishery, Malaria, Bilharzia, Elephantiasis, Trachoma (eye disease) Cholera (recentepidemics), Typhoid Fever, increase of harmful species (snakes, crocodiles, insects), drasticreduced navigability, coastal swamp formation, reduced drinking water Multiple attempts have been started and failed (including large scale supranational- fundedmega-projects). All failed due to a mix of corruption, rivalries, lack of planning, monolithicapproach, and no involvement of local population# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 4. Problem Analysis Water Hyacinth invasion in Winam GulfNASA Picture 2013 NASA Picture 2006Scale: ______________________________ = 50 km!Max.coverage 2013: about 20 000 ha or 50% of Winam Gulf# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 5. Problem Analysis Water Hyacinth invasion in Winam Gulf# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 6. Problem Analysis Water Hyacinth invasion (general)Past approaches containing Water Hyacinth invasion Manual removal Mechanical removal Biological removal (weevils)!!!!!!!# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 7. # 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONThe Solution 8. Save the Lake Foundation Methodology for removal & disposalof WH!Description The Water Hyacinth is removed by special nets both offshore and onshore,with and without Hippo Grass/Papyrus. The net is hoisted ashore at a designated landing point with winches. Afterallowing the resident fauna to leave the harvested heap, the material is transported to the composting facility. The material is introduced to the compost rows together with othermaterials at a defined ratio. The rows are covered with semi-osmotic cover fleece and turnedcontinuously (aerobic composting). After 3 weeks, due to the high temperatures inside the rows, all seeds aredestroyed. The outcome is mulch/raw compost. This by-product is given to local farmers and/or to qualified local industriesat the defined price of 10 KSh per kg.!!# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 9. Removal onshore MATERIALSHORE# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONRemoval offshore 10. Operations!Simple equipment (boats, nets, trucks, loaders, tractors, shredders, manualtools, etc.) creates low capital intensityMinimal energy requirements (sun)No environmental side effects (no chemicals, no burning)Modular set up, of independent disposal stations around the lakeScalable without limitationGradual increase of operating stations as per fundingGrowth of local entrepreneurs: Sale of output (at nominal prices) to localcommunity creates moderate return to social investors as well as business andbenefit for the local communities# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 11. Raw material Processing w/ semi-osmotic fleeceCooking process Result after 1 week# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONOur trawler foroffshore harvest 12. Result of disposal process! 100 % of seeds destroyed No Biomass lost 100 % of aquatic plants disposed Environmentally friendly Recyclable material Serves as commodity for otherusage Basis for further industries# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONDisposal =DestructionofbiohazardousmaterialRecycling =Usage ofdestroyedmaterialAfter 4 weeksBy-product can be used as a valuable commodity 13. !Practical Results! Permanent and complete removal & disposal of Hyacinth/aquatic plants (not just at shoreline) Modular approach, scalable identical yet self-contained micro-projects Low tech (reliability and rapid deployment) Carbon neutral, environmentally positive Reduction of hypertrophy Increased biodiversity Soil improvement on a large scale Less epidemic diseases Clearance of shores, waters and rivers Re-establishment of navigable waterways Improved drinking water situation Promotion of agriculture /food production by providing compost/mulch to local communities Incentives to new industries to make use of the raw material provided (fertilizer, animal feedsetc.) Creating jobs, entrepreneurship and livelihood locally Labour-intensive, Employment for unskilled labour Establishment of a mobile, quick-reaction first aid system for casualties and diseases Establishment of an (airborne) Search and Rescue System for fishermen stuck offshore orshipwrecked Creation of environmental awareness Involvement of Women Groups, Youth Groups, Beach Management Units BMU# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 14. # 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONOur Organisation 15. Who we are Charitable Non-Profit-Organisation registered in Switzerland, Germany, andKenya Operational entity: in Kenya (with future offices in Uganda & Tanzania) NPO allocates donations, investments, grants (D, F, UK, CH, U.S., Mid-East)to the various project modules managed by the operational subsidiaryScopes Comprehensive solution for aquatic plants (Hyacinth, Hippogras) invasion,control, disposal by using environmentally sustainable methods Promotion of income generating activities to local youth and woman groups Medical health care referring to diseases connected with Lake climate,pollution and Water Hyacinth Invasion Rescue Services to fishermen Investment in and promotion of recycling activities and production ofalternative commodities (encouraging of local entrepreneurship)# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 16. Governance PatronageH.R.H. Prince Inigo of Lithuania, Prince of Urach, Count of Wrttemberg! Non-Executive Board (Ethics and Strategy):Bishop Martin Kivuva Musonde (Catholic Church of Kenya)Archbishop Walter Obare (Evangelical Lutheran Church in Kenya)Imam Abdullatif A. Sheikh (Coordinator, Kenya Council of Imams andUlamaa)!! Executive Board (Management and Operations):Dr. Rainer von Echlin (Switzerland), ChairmanKonrad J. Mnch (Kenya), Secretary & CEONajma Osman (Kenya), COOSamuel Githinji (Kenya), Treasurer(for biographies cf. Appendix)!!!# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 17. Introduction present and future network# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONHeadquarterHeadquarterOperationsBranch officeOPSHeadquarter: SwitzerlandHeadquarter Operations: KenyaBranch offices: Germany, KenyaBranch offices planned: Slovakia, UK, F,Norway Tanzania, Uganda, USAOPS OPS 18. LocalCommunitiesKMFRI# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONSAVE THE LAKEFOUNDATIONInternationalPPPSERVICES!Fundraising,Investments&OperationsManagementPPP (Public Private Partnership) with Kenya State Maritime and Fisheries ResearchInstitute (KMFRI) leads to Better Coordination with local governmental entities Support when dealing with Uganda and Tanzania state organisations Further ancillary investments in medical, SAR, feeds, fertilizer facilities Renewed motivation of general public after mediatised failures by other (supranatl)projectsSERVICES Scientific guidance & advice Advice and notice on furtherpossible environmental issues onthe Lake Support on the ground Research and development Assistance to expand activitiesGovernmentSAVE THE LAKEFOUNDATIONKenya 19. # 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONMoney 20. !Timeline2010 started out with our money (3 families pitching in)2011 test phase2012 governmental approved as the prioritized solution2013 Donations by Family Offices in Switzerland and Germany2014 have been requested to help in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, IndiaAlso: cleaning plus removal of non-biodegradables in Nairobi and Haiti!Present and Future? Retail donations: TV ads begging for money ?? Grants: are a U.S. profitable industry (Grants writing for Dummies)(Later) Supranationals : large 500m projects, 3 year planning, sometimes conflictingset ofobjectives; we want to keep independence!=> Larger donations from Family Offices, HNWI etc.=> Corporate social responsibility!Straight donation: potentially de-motivating locals & government assistanceEquity: distortion in favour of investor, can compromise the delicate balance ofstakeholdersBonds: advantages for investor (re-use of funds) and recipients (stability, motivation)# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATION 21. !Overall Structure (business model)!Philanthropic Investors Philanthropic Donors Supranational Grants# 2014 SAVE THE LAKE FOUNDATIONSAVE THE LAKEFOUNDATIONharvestingpre-processingmachinerycompostingSERVICESProject Unit/Site AProject Unit/Site BProject Unit/Site C etc.Return of 5% of salesrel. to investmentEconomic Return + Environmental Return (per unit/p.m. + SocialReturn5% stable return 60 tons fertiliser for disadvantaged farmers Jobs for 50families p. unit2 sqkm lake cleaned p.m. revived fisheryimprovednutritionFish Feed+ Biofertiliser, Sales at cost + 5%Local Distribution CooperativesProcessing, refining, packaging, distributingProfessional Agric. / local marketsAquaculture 22. !Social Bond Proposition! Impact first but you actually get your money back Alignment of interest creates effectiveness (FAO money is free, hence wasted) therefore corruption free! Capital Round 2014 target 25 m EUR Use: create additional 20 modular units Kenya + Tanzania, create larger compostingunit Minimum Investment 50 Mio Kenyan Shilling (= about 400kEUR or 550k USD or 350k GBP) Transfers below should be donations Denomination : GBP, EUR Administered in UK law-style in Kenya (collaboration with Speechly Bircham LLP, LDN) marketable in EU through passporting from UK! Loan period and interest schedule5 years 5% p.a.7 years 6% p.a. Interest can be retained until maturity Sharia compliant version No taxes (on interest or capital) in Kenya, UK treatment depen