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This document describes the metaphysical meaning of Tamil given by Saint Ramalingam. Its very unique that a language's name has a metaphysical meaning and deeply connects to spirituality.

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TheMetaphysicalMeaningofTamilbySaintRamalingamRajeshKothandaraman California,USA

1IntroductionandMotivation:TheTamilLexiconofUniversityofMadrasdefinestheword'Tamil'as'sweetness. Prof.FranklinSouthworthsuggeststhatthenameThamizhcomesfromtam-mil-->tam-il'self-speak',or'one'sownspeech'.IntheTamilClassicSpiritualliteratureThirumandiram,SaintThirumoolarsays

{Translation]Me,havingbeenbegottenbytheAlmightysowell ToexplainHimselfinthatexcellingThamizhexperiencesowell.IntheabovesongThirumoolarusesthewordThamizhtorefertosomekindofexperiencethantheconventionalmeaningoflanguage.Alsoinanothersongheusesthiswordasaverb.SoallthispointstothatthereshouldbemoremeaningtothewordThamizhthatisinclusiveofthemeaningsweetness.SuchameaningdoesexistandwasgivenbythegreatYogi,SiddhaandPoetSaintRamalingamakaVallalar.InthecontextofexplainingsomedifficultpassagesofSanskrittoaSanskritscholarwhohadthefirmviewofSanskritistheMotherofalllanguages,VallalarwroteanexplanationofThamizhtoexplainitsmetaphysicalmeaning.ItwaspublishedaspartofUrainadai[1](TheProseandCollectedLettersofVallalar)muchlater. 2MetaphysicalApproachVallalarusesametaphysicalapproachtoexplainthemeaningofTamil.Metaphysicsdealswiththefundamentalnatureofbeingandtheworldanddenotesphilosophicalenquiryofanon-empiricalcharacterintothenatureofexistence.AllpartsofknowledgehavetheirorigininMetaphysics,similartothevisiblehasitsbasisintheinvisible.FormsandNumbersarethewaysthemindperceivesMetaphysicsandPlatosaysthestudyofthepropertiesofnumbershabituatesthemindtobecontemplationofpureTruth,andraisesusabovethematerialuniverse. This is because numbersandalphabetsaresymbolsofsomehigherreality,representingtheTruthofaHigherPlane.Thesesymbolsareinstruments(likeeyes)toperceivetheHigherreality.ThiruvalluvarputsforthinKural392Those called Numbers and Letters, the wise declare, are eyes to live with.VallalaradoptsametaphysicalapproachtoexplainnumericallyandalphabeticallyandunraveltheHigherTruthbehindit.Tamilhas12vowelsand18consonants,theremaininglettersarederivedfromthecompoundtableshownbelow.TamildefinesvowelsandconsonantsasUyirEzhuthu,MeiEzhuthumeaningSoulletters,

Bodylettersrespectively.Asthenameimpliesthisembedsadeepspiritualconceptinit.UyirinTamilmeansliterallyLifebutmetaphysicallymeansSoulandthatincludesLife.MeimeansPhysicalBody.Thevowelsandconsonantscombinetogethertoformthevowel-consonantalphabetcalledtheSoul-Bodyletter(Uyir-MeiEzhuthu).MetaphysicallythismeanstheSoulgiveslifetothebodyandbecomesalivingbeing,sothevowelsactivatetheconsonantstoproduceconjugants.Soul+Body=Life.TheTamilalphabetsinacompoundtableisshownbelow

8ody leLLers respecLlvely. As Lhe name lmplles Lhls embeds a deep splrlLual concepL ln lL. hd>^>DW1he vowels and consonanLs comblne LogeLher Lo form Lhe vowel-consonanL alphabeL called Lhe Soul-8ody leLLer (uylr-Mel LzhuLhu). MeLaphyslcally Lhls means Lhe Soul glves llfe Lo Lhe body and becomes a llvlng belng, so Lhe vowels acLlvaLe Lhe consonanLs Lo produce con[uganLs. Soul + 8ody = Llfe. 1he 1amll alphabeLs ln a compound Lable ls shown below Tamil compound table Vowels Consonants _ @ 2 2 O @ g @ g d d d d| d @ Md Gd Od Md Gd Mdu 0 0 0 0l 0 [ @ M0 G0 O0 M0 G0 M0u 8 8 8 8| 8 @ M8 G8 O8 M8 G8 M8u @ @ @ @' @ @ M@ G@ O@ M@ G@ M@u L L L k _ _ ML GL OL ML GL MLu M M M Ml M @ @ MM GM OM MM GM MMu g g g g| g @ @ Mg Gg Og Mg Gg Mgu | @ @ M G O M G Mu L L L Ll L Q _ ML GL OL ML GL MLu u u u u| u @ @ Mu Gu Ou Mu Gu Muu l @ M G O M G Mu [ [ @ @ M[ G[ O[ M[ G[ M[u 0 0 0 0| 0 @ @ M0 G0 O0 M0 G0 M0u O O O Ol O Q _ MO GO OO MO GO MOu g g g g| g @ @ Mg Gg Og Mg Gg Mgu u u u u| u g g Mu Gu Ou Mu Gu Muu _ _ _ _| _ @ @ M_ G_ O_ M_ G_ M_u G G G G| G @ @ MG GG OG MG GG MGu

3SomeTermsandDefinitionsBeforegettingintotheactualtranslationofVallalarsexplanation,sometermsrequireexplanation.Thishelpsinunderstandingthetranslation.ThesetermsweretakenfromtheUrainadaiandgivenbelow.SIVAMorSatChitAnandaVallalardescribes,themeaningofSivamisSatChitAnanda.InthisSatisSikaram,ChitisVakaramandAnandaisMakaram.Themeaningofthesetermsareasfollows.

Sikaram-Sat - ThatExistsascontainingEverything -TruthVakaram-Chit- ThatexistsasExpressingEverything -ConsciousnessMakaram-Ananda-DelightfilledbySatandChit -InfiniteDelightWhilethetermSivamisusuallyassociatedwiththeHindureligiousGod,VallalarsdefinitionofSivamgoesbeyondreligion,extremelysimple,yetverypowerfulanddescriptive.Moresimply,Sat-thatexistsaseverything,Chit-thatisbeingeverything. TheTermSupramentalSriAurobindo,thegreatYogi,MysticPhilosopherdefinesSupramentalasSelfExistentTruthConsciousness.ThisexactlytranslatestothedefinitionVallalargivestotermSiva.SpecificallyhecallsSuddhaSivam.ThetermSuddhamwasusedtomeanitisbeyondreligiousexperiencesandtranslatesexactlytoSuprathatmeansaboveorbeyond.ThusthetermSuddhaSivamexactlytranslatestoSupramentalDivineandthetermSuddhaSanmarkkamtoPathtoSupramentalTruth

TenCommandmentstoExperienceSivamorSupramentalDivineVallalararound1860sinalettertohisdiscipleexplainedthetenstages/stepstoexperiencetheSupramental.ItstartsfromTattwas(Physical,VitalLife,Mental)andendsinSupramental.Theactualstepsasfollows:

1.TattwasForm:BecomingawarethatthePhysicalBodytoMindarenottheTrueSelf.2.TattwasPerception:TheTattwas(Physical,Vital,Mind)donotknowtheTrueSelf.BecomingawarethatweareConsciousnessputintoForm3.TattwasPurification:RealizingthatthisveiledtheConsciousbeing4.SpiritualForm:ImpureEgoreplacedbytheTrueSelfthroughDivineGrace5.SpiritualPerception:BeingDelightedthatweareConsciousnessputintoForm6.SpiritualPurification:BeingPassiveandReceptivetotheDescentofDivineGrace7.SupramentalForm:PerceivingOneDivineinfinitelyeverywhere,thatAllisSivam8.SupramentalPerception:SoulBeingDelightedorlivinginthatConsciousness9.SupramentalYoga:PerformingYogainthatConsciousnessofOnenesswithAll.10.SupramentalBoga:BecomeOnewithSupramentalDivineandexist.Theabove10stagescanbebroadlyclassifiedto3stages(Pyschicisation->Spiritualisation->Supramentalisation3x3=9stages+1SupremeStage)andmatchesperfectlywiththeTripleTransformationoftheIndividualexplainedbySriAurobindo.Thesestagesare

1. PsychicTransformation2. SpiritualTransformation3. SupramentalTransformationThesestagesaredealtingreatdetailanddepthinhismagnumopusTheLifeDivine.

TripleBeingsThreetypesofbeings(Life)areclassifiedinUrainadai.Theyare:Sakalar,Pralayakalar,Vignanakalar.

Sakalar HumanbeingshaveEgo,Maya,KarmaPralayakalar OvermentalBeingshaveEgoandMayaVignanakalar SupramentalBeingshaveEgoalone.HereVallalarcallstheEgoasnatural,Mayaastheartificialpartofnatural,Karma(oraction)asartificial.SakalarareordinaryHumanbeings,PralayakalarareOvermentalbeings,VignanakalarareSupramentalbeings.Pure9types,Impure9types,sototal18.Asexplainedin[9],Overmentalisaplanewherethefullpoweroftruthdoesnotexist.Itisaplanewheretruthscanprotectthemselvesandact,eliminatingthedestructiveinfluenceofignorance.InthenextSupramentalPlane,Truthisself-existent.Herethereisnoignorance.PowerofSupermindcanenterintoignorance,reachitsfoundationoftruth,uniteallofthemandfromtheretransformignoranceintoknowledge.TheEgomentionedaboveforVignanakalarorSupramentalbeingsrefertosomesortofindividualizationasMotherexplainsintheMothersAgenda[7].ItistheessenceortheessentialpurposeofindividualizationWITHOUTtheegoslimitsandthatiswhatVallalarrefersEgoasnatural.

ThakaramThakaramreferstoPhysicalBody.ThakaraVitthaimeansperfectionortransformationofPhysicalBodyintoPurebody.

InUrainadai,inmanyplaceswhileexplainingthecruxofthedifficultwordsVallalarsaystheirmeaningwillcomeoutinmoredetaillaterinthedaysofSanmarkka.InPerupadesamfinalgreatsermonbeforedematerializationofhisdeathlessbodyin1874hementionsthatpeoplewhowillteachthisPathwillnotbeavailableinnearfutureforsometime,andelsewherementionstheywillcometoteachthesamePath.ItisnocoincidenceSriAurobindoandTheMothercametoPondicherry(nearVadalur)after40yearsanddidamoredetailedresearchonthesamePath(IntegralYogaisessentiallySuddhaSanmarkkaifonekeenlyanalyzeandnotdesperatetofindthedifferences)andexplainedingreatdetailtheTripleTransformationoftheindividualthatleadstoSupramentalization.SriAurobindohimselfmentionedthathedirectlyreceivedtheteachingsfromaHigherConsciousnessinmentalsilence.VallalarsteachingswereinTamil,notwidelypublishedduringhistimeandmanyreligioussectionswereagainsthisteachingsashewentbeyondthereligiousexperiencestotheSupramentalDivineandhadthecompletebodytransformationbytheGraceofVastGraceLightDivine[1][2][3].ThebodytransformationofVallalarandhisconnectionwithSriAurobindo,TheMotherandTirumoolarisdealtingreatdetailinThulasiramsArutPerumJothiandDeathlessBodyVol1&2book.TheoriginalexplanationofThamizhbyVallalarinTamilisgiveninthefollowingpage.ThisisfollowedbyEnglishtranslationinitalicsfontandourexplanationinnormalfont.

SacredHallofTruthConsciousness TamilisTh--AMEZhformedof5unitsofmeasure.Th,Im,ZhrepresentsArtofPhysicalConsciousness(JadaChitKalai).A,EArtofConsciousnessProper(ChitKalai).A-representstheOneDivineorFirstPrimordialGod,firstsyllableofAUM-SiVaYaNaMathatexpressestheCosmicConsciousness.E-representstheSoulConsciousnesssyllable,expressestheConsciousnessalwaysinseparablefromtheDivineandshowingupastheOnebecomingtheInfinitelyManymanifesteddifferences.Theexplanationof[Th,Im,Zh]representingthePhysicalBodyfortheSoulwheretheDivinebecomingbasisofallSoulConsciousnessartsisasfollowsTh7thconsonantM10thconsonant,Zh15thNaturalTruthSpecialtySyllableThelanguage,thatwastaughtbySambu(BeingwhoistheCauseofUniverse)frombeginninglesstime,-accordingtoPureSiddhanthawastaughtbyDivineGraceandCommand-,thatwascelebratedastheFatherofalllanguagesbywisemen,andstandcompletedmeaningsweetness,NaturalTruthSpecialtyLanguageThamizhsPureSiddhanticExplanationasfollows