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    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 1

    Changes in Syngas MarketsBruce Kleppe 2 November 2011

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    Ammonia markets weathered the economic crisis

    better than most other chemicals

    2010 Global Ammonia Consumption155 million tons

    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 2

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    From 1900 to 2000, worldwide food production grew 600%enabling the worlds population to grow from 1.7 billion to 6.7

    billion in the same time period.

    Fertilizers boost the yields and nutritional content of food andconserves land and resources.

    Our population continues to grow at a rate of 80 million people

    The Driving Force Behind Ammonia Production

    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 3

    , .

    The FAO estimates that the total world demand for agricultural

    products will be 60% higher in 2030 than it is today, with 85% ofthat demand coming from developing countries.

    Fertilizers are responsible for 40-60% of the worlds food supply.

    Currently, 862 million people in the world are undernourished.

    Without fertilizers, 2 billion more people would be threatened by

    hunger.

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    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 4

    Source: Fertecon Ammonia Futures

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    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 5

    Source: Fertecon Ammonia Futures

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    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 6

    Source: Fertecon Ammonia Futures

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    Ammonia

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 7

    Source: Fertecon Ammonia Futures

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    15,000,000

    20,000,000

    25,000,000

    30,000,000

    cityChange

    ictons]

    Worldwide Capacity Change(including projects in China)

    Is Methanol really getting more important for the economy?

    Methanol

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 8

    -5,000,000

    0

    5,000,000

    10,000,000

    Dec/ 99 Apr/ 01 Sep/ 02 Jan/ 04 May/ 05 Oct/ 06 Feb/ 08 Jul/ 09 Nov/ 10

    NetCapa

    [metr

    Methanol capacity is constantly adding up! Especially in Asia

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    Methanol

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 9

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    Why is Methanol getting so important for the economy?

    Methanol

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 10

    Courtesy of MMSA

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    Europe

    2005 2010

    150 50/10

    Sulfur ,max

    ppm

    2020

    Free

    Evolution of Gasoline Quality

    Fuels

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 11

    USA

    Brasil

    Phase-in Free

    1000 50

    80/30

    10

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    Sulfur:mx. ppm

    Evolution of Diesel Quality

    Europe

    2005 2010

    50 10

    2020

    Free

    Fuels

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 12

    15/500 15

    Brasil

    High S3500 500 50

    ree

    2000

    2000 50 10500

    Brasil

    Low S

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    Location of proven gas reserves

    Fuels

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 13

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    NG Markets (pre Shale Gas)

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 14

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    World Shale Gas Reserves

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 15

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    China

    Shale Gas Resources

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 16

    Argentina~12%

    19%

    10%

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    NG Markets (post Shale Gas)

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 17

    P i C l C d Oil

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    Premium Coal vs Crude Oil

    Price Comparison through Sep-11

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 18

    Oil / NG P i R ti

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    Oil / NG Price Ratio

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 19

    Sd Ch i C t l t

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    Sd-Chemie: developing future-oriented products for more than 150 years

    Founding of BAG (now Sd-Chemie AG) in

    Heufeld; founding shareholder: Justus von Liebig

    Bleaching earth and

    bentonite products

    1857:

    1906:

    1857 1890 1930 1970 2010

    Fertiliser

    Bleaching earth/bentonite

    It started with Fertilisers.

    Sd-Chemie Catalysts

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 20

    Entry into pharmaceutical protection packaging

    and water treatment business

    1962: Start of catalyst business

    Manufacturer of Cleantech products:

    Biocatalysts

    Exhaust gas purification catalysts

    Lithium ion battery materials

    CTL/GTL catalysts

    1970: Production of foundry chemicals based

    on bentonite

    Catalysts

    Foundry chemicals

    1996:

    Sd Ch i C t l t

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    towards becoming the Global Powerhouse

    of the Catalyst Industry

    Sd-Chemie Catalysts

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 21

    Syngas Catalysts

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    Syngas Catalysts

    > 65 years of Experience 1940s - 1st US syngas catalysts 1950s - 1st Methanation Catalyst 1960s - 1st Low Temperature Shift

    1st US produced NH3 Synthesis Catalyst

    1st Ceramic supported reformer catalyst

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 22

    s - s ape mu -passage re orm ng ca a ys(C11-9-09 Wagon Wheel)

    1st High activity, low volume secondary loading

    1980s - 1st Copper-promoted HTS Catalyst 1990s - LDP Shape high GSA, low P 2000s - New Generation LTS ShiftMax 230/240

    New Generation NH3 Synthesis - AmoMax

    New ReforMax 340 shape

    Sd Chemie Catalysts

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    A truly global company with more than 70

    production and sales companies worldwide

    HeufeldJinshan

    Panjin

    Sd-Chemie Catalysts

    Title of Presentation and Name of Presenter Page 23

    Global presence within the Catalysts Division:

    19 Production Sites, 5 Sales & Tech. Centers,

    9 R&D Centers, 22 Sales Offices

    NanjingLouisville

    Qatar