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  • Ahmad Ali wrote his famousnovel Twilight in Delhiwhich offers to the reader theFall of Muslim Empire and itscultural heritage. It depicts aclash between old and new. Itbrings before our eyes a truemotion-picture of how theMuslims of the sub-continentused to live their religious,social, cultural, single andcollective life during thechaotic years of 1857-1919.

    Ahmad Ali wrote his famousnovel Twilight in Delhiwhich offers to the reader theFall of Muslim Empire and itscultural heritage. It depicts aclash between old and new. Itbrings before our eyes a truemotion-picture of how theMuslims of the sub-continentused to live their religious,social, cultural, single andcollective life during thechaotic years of 1857-1919.

  • Another important thing to note is that, Ahmad Ali showsus all the positive as well as negative aspects of theMuslim Cultural life of sub-continent. So there is no taboobinding the hands of the writer to omit this or that part ofthe life: he presents life as a whole in all its aspects andcolors.

    Another important thing to note is that, Ahmad Ali showsus all the positive as well as negative aspects of theMuslim Cultural life of sub-continent. So there is no taboobinding the hands of the writer to omit this or that part ofthe life: he presents life as a whole in all its aspects andcolors.

  • The title of Ahmad Alis novel as Twilight inDelhi is very significant in itself.

    Twilight means the time of the day just aftersunset or before dawn when the sun is below thehorizon.

    As the novel is aimed at writing about the fall ofthe moghals,& the death of culture.

    The title of Ahmad Alis novel as Twilight inDelhi is very significant in itself.

    Twilight means the time of the day just aftersunset or before dawn when the sun is below thehorizon.

    As the novel is aimed at writing about the fall ofthe moghals,& the death of culture.

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  • Significance of the Title Twilight in Delhi deals with dying culture &civilization of Muslim India in the earlier partof twentieth century.

    The city Delhi had faced many ups & downsduring the Muslim rule. It had a culture &social order of its own, but culture was underthe threats of being demolished or changedby British colonizers.

    Twilight in Delhi deals with dying culture &civilization of Muslim India in the earlier partof twentieth century.

    The city Delhi had faced many ups & downsduring the Muslim rule. It had a culture &social order of its own, but culture was underthe threats of being demolished or changedby British colonizers.

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  • Significance of the TitleDelhi was once a paradise,Where love held swayed & reigned;But its charm lies ravished nowAnd only ruins remains.No tears were shed When shroud less theyWere laid in common graves;No prayers were read for the noble dead,Unmarked remain their graves

    Delhi was once a paradise,Where love held swayed & reigned;But its charm lies ravished nowAnd only ruins remains.No tears were shed When shroud less theyWere laid in common graves;No prayers were read for the noble dead,Unmarked remain their graves

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  • Asghars Longing for Love Throughout the novel, symbolical elementsare used vehemently.

    Disillusioned character of Asghar I arepresentative of the youth.

    His approach seemed to be un realistic Mr.Nihalss family represents the Muslimcommunity in India

    Throughout the novel, symbolical elementsare used vehemently.

    Disillusioned character of Asghar I arepresentative of the youth.

    His approach seemed to be un realistic Mr.Nihalss family represents the Muslimcommunity in India

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  • Cat Episode The death of Mr.Nihalss pigeonsis highly symbolic

    It is a Turning point in Mr. Nihalslife.

    A healthy tall & handsome personturned into the weakest person inthe world.

    The whole episode tells thedefeat of a certain way of life,which showed the static side ofMuslim life.

    The death of Mr.Nihalss pigeonsis highly symbolic

    It is a Turning point in Mr. Nihalslife.

    A healthy tall & handsome personturned into the weakest person inthe world.

    The whole episode tells thedefeat of a certain way of life,which showed the static side ofMuslim life.

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  • Cat Episode If the pigeons are a feature of culture, the catis perhaps the intruder & the symbolic ideabehind the picture is death of culture.

    A famous critic Coppola sees it as, a potentsymbol Ali has used repeatedly in his shortstories to represent cunning, stealth &destruction. He also identifies the cat with theBritish who have succeeded in altering ordestroying these cherished ways of life byintroducing new ideologies.

    If the pigeons are a feature of culture, the catis perhaps the intruder & the symbolic ideabehind the picture is death of culture.

    A famous critic Coppola sees it as, a potentsymbol Ali has used repeatedly in his shortstories to represent cunning, stealth &destruction. He also identifies the cat with theBritish who have succeeded in altering ordestroying these cherished ways of life byintroducing new ideologies.

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  • Pigeon Flying & Kite Flying Pigeon Flying & Kite Flying have been shownas a part of their culture.

    Another hobby is alchemy The real idea behind these hobbies is to showthe general attitude or behavior of society.

    Symbolically these hobbies are differentchannels of escapism.

    Pigeon Flying & Kite Flying have been shownas a part of their culture.

    Another hobby is alchemy The real idea behind these hobbies is to showthe general attitude or behavior of society.

    Symbolically these hobbies are differentchannels of escapism.

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  • Mr. Nihals Paralysis Mr. Nihals Paralysis represents a parting awayof old order or the end of old orthodox beliefs.

    His desperation is symbolically thedesperation of old generation & its disabilityat the distortion of its future hopes.

    His paralyzed condition is the symbol ofstagnant & paralyzed condition of Muslims.

    The death of Babban Jan & loss of pigeons addagony to his life.

    Mr. Nihals Paralysis represents a parting awayof old order or the end of old orthodox beliefs.

    His desperation is symbolically thedesperation of old generation & its disabilityat the distortion of its future hopes.

    His paralyzed condition is the symbol ofstagnant & paralyzed condition of Muslims.

    The death of Babban Jan & loss of pigeons addagony to his life.

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  • Begum Nihals Blindness Begum Nihals Blindness shows her lack ofcomprehension in maintaining the values withchanged social order in making properdecisions.

    Her blindness shows the blindness of womenof that age who were being unable to managethe matters.

    Begum Nihals Blindness shows her lack ofcomprehension in maintaining the values withchanged social order in making properdecisions.

    Her blindness shows the blindness of womenof that age who were being unable to managethe matters.

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  • Delhi is the representative of a particular setof values.

    Going through the novel one often feels Delhito be the central character and all charactersestablish one or the other aspect of the cityitself in living their own lives.

    Delhi is the representative of a particular setof values.

    Going through the novel one often feels Delhito be the central character and all charactersestablish one or the other aspect of the cityitself in living their own lives.

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