Sustainable Cotton : Integrated Pest and Soil Fertility Management H. Breman, C. Gaborel, M. Vaissayre & R. Vogelsperger www.ifdc.org Proposal IFDC, CIRAD

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  • Sustainable Cotton:Integrated Pest and Soil Fertility Management

    H. Breman, C. Gaborel, M. Vaissayre & R. VogelspergerProposal IFDC, CIRAD and West African Partners

  • Sustainable Cotton:Integrated Pest and Soil Fertility Management

    Cotton production costsIntegrated soil fertility managementIntegrated pest managementMore efficient input use = 50% increase of farmers revenues

  • Production costs; external inputs ** Gross value: 328 Euro/ha; value corrected for inputs 193 Euro/ha

    Euro/ha% total costs% total valuefertilizers765623phytos. prod.584318seeds10.70.3Total13510041 **

  • Integrated Soil Fertility Management effect of integrated use of fertilizer and soil amendments improves in time Environmental and Economic Benefits

    >10 years fallow depleted soil SFI package

    nutrient recovery (%) 35 25 70yield increase (kg/ha) 9006501800 RVC** 1.6 1.2 3.2

    ** RVC = value maize / costs fertiliser

  • Integrated soil fertility management Present yield, potential yield and biological production: 1150, 2500 & 450 kg/ha

    Improved fertilizer use efficiency: > 200 kg/ha extra or > 76 Euro/ha extra

  • Integrated pest managementBest practicesresistant varietiestrap-crops & naturel ennemiesselectivitythresholds defoliationsoil fertily

  • Integrated pest managementTreatment only when required: Costs 17 29 Euro/ha less, revenue equally higher

  • A proposal:50% increase of revenue; decreased environmental risksParticipatory integration and up scaling of integrated soil fertility and pest management: stakeholder platformsextension and promotion materialenabling socio-economic and policy environment = reinforcement of cotton companies and rural develop projects **training of trainers, in context pilot platforms/projects** MIR = West African inputs market; cotton inputs emergency plan

  • Governments and donor investments in:Enabling socio-economic and policy environmentssoil improvement; a Marshall Plan

    research

    Division Afrique

    Division Afrique

  • Thank you for your attention