Sustainable Construction Technological Design Sustainable Construction © 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEM  Center.

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  • Technological Design

    Sustainable Construction 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology Teacher Resource 5.4.1

    STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning

  • Is it important to understand the impactConstruction SystemsMaintenanceAlteredRenovatedPrefabricated MaterialsGreen ConstructionMath modelingBuilding for Sustainability

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Overview

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Many considerations go into developing communities and building homes. One of the ideas to emerge recently is the idea of Green building. The focus of green building is to reduce the environmental effects of the building process. Green building includes using environmentally friendly materials and construction techniques. It also includes design decisions that reduce energy and resource use over the life of the house. A well-built green structure can be a win-win situation. Homeowners can get a well-designed, well-built structure that also has lower utility bills and helps the local economy.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Review

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Building Towards a better planetPromoting SustainabilityEconomic benefitsProtecting the environmentConserving energy and resourcesRecycling Reusing

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Why Build Green?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Limit waste of materials (Requires more planning)Use recycled materialsUse local materials and laborHarness renewable and inexhaustible energy such as utilizing the sunMinimize the use of energyReuse (Rain water / Grey Water systems)Minimize carbon foot printUse appropriate techniquesKeep green space

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    How to Build Green?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • SustainabilityMeeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.World Commission Environment and Development

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    What is Sustainability?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Reduces the negative impact on the environment and human health, thus improving the performance during a buildings life cycle. Careful consideration is given to water, energy, building materials, and solid waste

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Sustainable Design

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Economy of Resources - Reduce, recycle, and reuse natural resources

    Life Cycle Design - Structured methodology for the building process

    Humane Design - Harmony between humans and nature

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Principles of Sustainability in Architecture

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Pre-Building

    Building

    Post-Building

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Sustainable Building Life Cycle

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Site selection, building design, and building material processes, up to but not including installation. Examine the environmental consequences of the structures design, orientation, impact on the landscape, and materials used

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Pre-Building Phase

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Construction and operation processes reduce the environmental impact of resource consumptionLong-term health effects of the building environment on its occupants are considered

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Building Phase

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Old materials become resources for other buildings or waste to be returned to nature. The sustainable design strategy focuses on reducing construction waste by recycling and reusing packaging and excess material.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Post-Building Phase

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • An architect should minimize the impact of a building on its local ecosystem (e.g., existing topography, plants, and wildlife).

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Preservation of Natural Conditions

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • A buildings design should enhance the work and home environments. This can improve productivity, reduce stress, and positively affect health and well being.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Human Comforts

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • HomesSchoolsCommercial and public buildingsLaboratoriesHealth care facilities

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Types of Green Buildings

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Commercial and public Existing buildings can remodel and install improved mechanical components and update operating systems to make a building green.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Green Remodeling

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Build with higher R value materialsLess energy use for heating and coolingUse Passive Solar constructionBuild in way that the sun naturally heats and coolsUse active Solar heating and coolingAir and WaterUse solar, wind, or water powerRadiant heating techniquesAir or Water

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Energy Conservation

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Less energy in transportationPromotes local economyUse local laborLabor intensive work means less use of energy

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Why Use Local Resources?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Planet QualityWhen certified you will receive tax creditsSave money on heating and coolingSave on utilitiesGenerally lasts longerNormally more expensive at first but saves money in the long run

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Whats in it for You?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • There are several non-profit organizations that provide services for planning, constructing, and grading green construction techniques Do your researchLEED is the organization that certifies green homes.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Where to Start?

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • LEED is an internationally recognized green building certification systemProvides building owners and operators a concise framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building design, construction, operations and maintenance solutionsU.S. Green Building Council (USGBC)

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    LEED Certification Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Sustainable SitesWater Efficiency Energy & Atmosphere Materials & ResourcesIndoor Environmental Quality Locations & Linkages Awareness & EducationInnovation in DesignRegional Priority

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    LEED Requirements

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    LEED Example

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Possible Green Technologies

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • AlteredWhen an area of a building is changed to improve the building overallRenovatedSpecific parts or whole buildings are renovated to restore them to how they previously were when they were originally built

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Maintenance

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Prefabricated materials: materials which are manufactured and partially assembled in factories before they are taken to the construction site.Where prefabrication is often usedOn steel partsOn concrete parts

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Pre-Fabricated Materials

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • A description using mathematical concepts and language.How it is used:Engineers are able to use mathematical modeling to create a scale model to test and hypothesize a various unforeseeable events.

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Mathematical Modeling

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • 2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

    Designing a Green Home

    2011 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association, STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology

  • Bubble PlansGREAT ROOMKITCHENDINNINGBATH1st Floor

  • Bubble PlansGUESTDENMASTERCLOSETBATHCLOSETCLOSETBATH2nd Floor

  • GREAT ROOMKITCHENDINNINGBATH1st Floor

  • `GREAT ROOMKITCHENDINNINGBATH1st Floor

  • GREAT ROOMKITCHENDINNINGBATHToilet1st Floor

  • GUESTDENMASTERCLOSETBATHCLOSETCLOSETBATH2nd Floor

  • 2nd FloorGUESTDENMASTERCLOSETBATHCLOSETCLOSETBATH

  • GUESTDENMASTERCLOSETBATHCLOSETCLOSETBATH2nd Floor

  • Elevation Sketch

  • Elevation Sketch

  • ELEVATION SKETCH

  • CALCULATING SQUARE FOOTAGEAn Average single family home is about 2000 square feetSo that means there would be about 1000 square feet per floorSo this will help you figure out your dimensions of your HomeRemember to stick with dimensions that will create less waste when building it.OSB comes in sheets of 4x8 or 4x16

  • CALCULATING SQUARE FOOTAGE to Find Dimensions32x32=1024sqft1st Floor3232

  • CALCULATING SQUARE FOOTAGE to Find Dimensions1st Floor3224248248

  • CALCULATING SQUARE FOOTAGE to Find Dimensions1st Floor322424812881014Kitchen 14x12=168Dinning 10x12=120Great 32x8=256 20x16=320Bath 8x12=96

    Total= 960 sqft

    KitchenDinningGreat RoomBath

  • Design Software

  • Floor Plans

  • WALK THROUGH

    STEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSlide #*TITLE SLIDE12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching & Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching & Learn...

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