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Summarizing nephrologyDR SAIMA NAQVI
Learning objectivesBy the END OF this lecture students of final year mbbs would be able toIdentify how to approach patients with proteinuria and hematuria.Apply their knowledge for diagnosing and managing common nephrological disorders in childhood.
Chronic renal failure
DEFINITION OF chronic renal failureevidence of structural or functional kidney abnormalities (abnormal urinalysis, imaging studies, or histology) that persists for at least 3 months, with or without a decrease in GFR, as defined by a GFR of