Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy ... ?· Republic of Sudan Ministry of Water Resources & Electricity Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy field 10th German-African Energy

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Republic of Sudan Ministry of Water Resources & Electricity Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy field 10th German-African Energy Forum-Hamburg , April 26-27th 2016 contents: Preface Hydro generation Thermal generation Hydro & Thermal projects Renewable Energy Power Transmission Power Generation Sudan began the electricity industry in 1908, the first 100 KW generator was installed by English Electric Company and then raised to 500 kW at Burri Power Plant in Khartoum. Due to the demand growth, in 1925 contract signed with group of British companies for a period of thirty years for the development of electricity. Steam generation was started in 1956 at Burri Power station (30 megawatts) 4 steam turbines. In 1960, the government Established Central Electricity and Water Corporation which began to extend electricity and water services in major cities in the country. Gas turbines generation began in 1968 at Kilo X Power station (15 MW) Fiat gas turbine. Installed capacity Seam 31% Gas turbines 1% Diesel 5% Hydro 49% Combined cycle 14% Total installed capacity 3,227 MW Total generation at 2105 is 13,133 GWh Steam 23% Combined cycle 10% Diesel 2% Gas turbines 0% Hydro 64% Interchange 1% 02000400060008000100001200014000200520062007200820092010201120122013201420150%20%40%60%80%100%20052006200720082009201020112012201320142015Hydr ThermalThere are 13 thermal power plants with different type of generation :steam turbines, gas turbines, combined cycle and diesel. The total installed capacity ( grid +off grid) is about 1,650 MW. Merowe Dam_ 1250MW In 1962 it was a first Hydro power plant to generate electricity from Sinnar Dam with a capacity of 15 MW. Sudan has five hydro power plants with a total capacity of 1,593 MW, Sinnar Power plant: consists of two units with total capacity of 15 MW(1962) Elgria Power plant: consists of three pumps Turbine and two units with a total capacity of 17.8 MW (1964) Roseires Power plant: consists of seven units with total ge capacity of 280 MW. (1971) Jabel Awlia Power plant: consists of 80 units with total capacity of the plant is 30.4 MW. (2005) Merowe Dam Power plant : its recent and bigger dams which erected in 2009, it is consists of (10) units with total capacity of 1250 MW. Merowe Dam power evacuated via transmission of high-voltage (500 kV) for the first time in Sudan. Total Hydro generation now 1593 MW Due to the electrical energy demand growth the ministry of water resources & electricity plans to increase the generation capacities with different sources as well as conventional and renewable energy. The short-term plan 2016-2020 comprise of the following projects: To use a available hydro potential for the following projects: No Dam Capacity (MW) 1 Up Atbara - Sitat 320 2 Kajbar 360 3 Dagash 312 4 Total 982 According to the short-term plan the following thermal power plants projects will implemented: No Project Capacity (MW) 1 Red Sea Combined cycle 1,500 2 Red sea fired coal steam turbines 600 3 Garri3 simple cycle phase1 510 4 Garri3 combined cycle phase2 240 Total 2,850 Alfula Project: three units each with capacity of 135 MW with a total capacity of 405 MW ,the first unit is expected to synchronize in 2017. Transmission Lines to west of Sudan Region (Alfula- Babnosan Nyala Alfashir Alginana) In order to meet the rapid increase of the demand ,The ministry of WRE aim to provide many mobile gas turbines as fast track project. The first set comprise of six units with total capacity of 150 MW. Port Sudan Project : Combined Cycle with total capacity of 1,500 MW Red Sea Project consist of three units steam turbine Coal fired with total generation capacity of 600 MW. Garri 3 Project :comprise of two phases :open cycle 510 MW, upgrading to combined cycle with total capacity 750MW Renewable Energy 23 Average wind speed > 8m/s at 80 m a.g.l Wind Resource Potential 24 Solar Resource Potential Average Daily Global Horizontal Irradiation 5.8 7.2 kWh/m2/day RENEWABLE ENERGY Medium Term Plan 25 500 300 0100200300400500600Solar Photovoltaic WindMW2020 Targets 350 MW 30 MW 50 MW 20MW 10 MW 10MW 5 MW 5MW 10 MW 10 MW ON AND OFF GRID 680 666 50 56 67,4 54 0100200300400500600700800Wind SolarPhotovoltaicSolar ThermalCSPSmallHydropowerWaste-to-Energy BiomassMWRE Technology REMP 2031 Targets RENEWABLE ENERGY Long Term Plan 27 13.6% share in the electricity generation In 2031: R.E will represent 29.3% of the installed capacity RENEWABLE ENERGY Future Plans Long Term 28 Wind; 5,34% Small Hydro; 0,91% Waste; 1,59% Biomass; 0,73% Rural Electrification; 0,55% Grid; 3,41% CSP; 0,98% Off Grid; 0,08% Solar, 4.47% RE share (MWh)= 13.6% RENEWABLE ENERGY Future Plans 29 Renewable Energy Rural Electrification Program The project aims to provide the electricity service to the households in rural areas far from the grid by installing Solar Home Systems Target: installing 1.1 million 50-100-200W solar home system(SHS) Period: 2015-2031 5.5 million, 26% of population in rural areas Budget: 600million US $ RENEWABLE ENERGY Rural Electrification Program 31 Pilot project: a pilot project for 100 SHS in 4 different states was implemented. To insure the repayment of the loans on monthly basis (installments) by the beneficiaries, a prepaid meter has been designed and adopted. Currently 10,000 Solar home systems implementation ongoing 32 RENEWABLE ENERGY Rural Electrification Program Power Transmission Peak load 2011-2015 (MW) 1.525 1.727 2.011 2.296 2.562 05001.0001.5002.0002.5003.0002011 2012 2013 2014 2015N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km 1 500 KV 965.5 2 220KV 7692.9 3 110KV 1128.7 4 66KV 233 Total 10,010.1 Transmission Lines lengths (Km) up to 2015 02000400060008000500 KV 220KV 110KV 66KV965,5 7692,9 1128,7 233 N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km 1 500 KV 4,676 2 220KV 4,445 Total 9,121 Existing and Planned Transmission Lines up 2031 N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km 1 220KV 1,990 No Projects Name Project components 1 Babnosa Adila Substation: One 2X100MVA, 220/110/33KV 220KV Transmission line: 90KM 2 Asunt substation GIS substation 220/110 KV, 2X150MVA 3 Adila Al Dain-Nyala 2 substation (220KV), 2X60MVA, 2X100MVA 220KV Transmission line with length 280KM 4 Nyala - Elfashir 1 Substation: 2X100MVA 220 KV Transmission Line 200 Km 5 Niala Kaas Zalnge Genena 4substation: 2 SUB with 2X60MVA and 2 Sub with 2X100MVA. 220KV transmission line with length 350KM 6 220KV Transmission Line Ring -South Kordofan 8 new substation 2X60MVA each + 3 Extension 220KV transmission line: 630KM 7 Sudan Eritria Interconnection 66KV Transmission line with length 43Km One substation with capacity 2x20MVA 8 River Nile project 310 Km Transmission line + 4 220/33KV substation 2100MVA 9 East of Sudan project Substations: 4, 3 Subs 220/33KV, 2X60MVA, 1 Subs 110/33KV, 2X60MVA. 110 Transmission Line 90 KM. 10 Khartoum Reinforcement project Substation: reinforcement of Transformers Total capacity 1200MVA and 90Km 220KV and 110KV Lines. No Project name Project component Voltage Level KV 1 WEST and North OF OMDURMAN LINE : 320 KM 220 SUBSTATION : 3 NEW SUBSTATION 2 MASHKUR - MANAGIL LINE : 100 KM 220 Substation:1 new substation +1 extension 3 Obied Bara Soderay Hamrat wiz Hamrat LINE : 470 KM 220 SUBSTATION : 4 NEW SUBSTATION+ 1 extension 4 MARKHIAT GABAL AWLIA - RABAK LINE : 450 KM 500 SUBSTATION : 2 NEW SUBSTATION+ 1 extension 5 Portsudan -Atbra-Kabashi 500KV transmission line, LINE : 730 KM 500 SUBSTATION : 1 NEW SUBSTATION 500/220KV + 2 extension 6 Khartoum Ring 500kV Transmission line LINE : 150 KM 500 SUBSTATION : 3 NEW SUBSTATION 500/220KV + 2 extension 7 Interconnection Sudan-Ethiopia LINE : 630 KM 500 SUBSTATION : 1 NEW SUBSTATION 500/220KV + 2 extension Country Forecast Energy demand Peak Load Year GWh MW 2016 18,128 3,356 2017 22,220 4,136 2018 24,245 4,537 2019 26,282 4,892 2020 28,036 5,190 2021 29,719 5,472 2022 31,318 5,735 2023 32,853 5,985 2024 34,374 6,228 2025 35,956 6,515 2026 37,571 6,808 2027 39,219 7,106 2028 40,900 7,411 2029 42,616 7,722 2030 44,368 8,039 2031 46,141 8,361 0%5%10%15%20%25%01,0002,0003,0004,0005,0006,0007,0008,0009,0002015 2017 2019 2021 2023 2025 2027 2029 2031YearsPeak demand [MW] and growth rate [%]Peak demand [MW]Growth rate [%]Sudan-Generation System Capacity Development until 2031 Thanks

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