Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy ... ?· Republic of Sudan Ministry of Water Resources & Electricity Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy field 10th German-African Energy

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  • Republic of Sudan

    Ministry of Water Resources & Electricity

    Sudan Potentials , Opportunities and challenges in Energy field

    10th German-African Energy Forum-Hamburg ,

    April 26-27th 2016

  • contents:

    Preface

    Hydro generation

    Thermal generation

    Hydro & Thermal projects

    Renewable Energy

    Power Transmission

    Power Generation

  • Sudan began the electricity industry in

    1908, the first 100 KW generator was

    installed by English Electric Company and

    then raised to 500 kW at Burri Power Plant

    in Khartoum.

    Due to the demand growth, in 1925

    contract signed with group of British

    companies for a period of thirty years for the

    development of electricity.

  • Steam generation was started in 1956 at Burri

    Power station (30 megawatts) 4 steam

    turbines.

    In 1960, the government Established Central

    Electricity and Water Corporation which began

    to extend electricity and water services in

    major cities in the country.

    Gas turbines generation began in 1968 at Kilo

    X Power station (15 MW) Fiat gas turbine.

  • Installed capacity

    Seam

    31%

    Gas turbines

    1%

    Diesel

    5%

    Hydro

    49% Combined cycle

    14%

    Total installed

    capacity 3,227 MW

  • Total generation at 2105 is 13,133 GWh

    Steam

    23%

    Combined cycle

    10% Diesel

    2%

    Gas turbines

    0%

    Hydro

    64% Interchange

    1%

  • 0

    2000

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    12000

    140002

    005

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  • 0%

    20%

    40%

    60%

    80%

    100%2

    00

    5

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    09

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    15

    Hydr Thermal

  • There are 13 thermal

    power plants with

    different type of

    generation :steam

    turbines, gas turbines,

    combined cycle and

    diesel.

    The total installed

    capacity ( grid +off grid) is

    about 1,650 MW.

  • Merowe Dam_ 1250MW

  • In 1962 it was a first Hydro power

    plant to generate electricity from

    Sinnar Dam with a capacity of 15 MW.

    Sudan has five hydro power plants

    with a total capacity of 1,593 MW,

  • Sinnar Power plant: consists of two units with total

    capacity of 15 MW(1962)

    Elgria Power plant: consists of three pumps

    Turbine and two units with a total capacity of 17.8

    MW (1964)

    Roseires Power plant: consists of seven units with

    total ge capacity of 280 MW. (1971)

    Jabel Awlia Power plant: consists of 80 units with

    total capacity of the plant is 30.4 MW. (2005)

  • Merowe Dam Power plant : its recent and

    bigger dams which erected in 2009, it is

    consists of (10) units with total capacity of

    1250 MW. Merowe Dam power evacuated

    via transmission of high-voltage (500 kV) for

    the first time in Sudan.

    Total Hydro generation now 1593 MW

  • Due to the electrical energy demand growth

    the ministry of water resources & electricity

    plans to increase the generation capacities

    with different sources as well as

    conventional and renewable energy.

    The short-term plan 2016-2020 comprise of

    the following projects:

  • To use a available hydro potential for

    the following projects:

  • No Dam Capacity (MW)

    1 Up Atbara - Sitat 320

    2 Kajbar 360

    3 Dagash 312

    4 Total 982

  • According to the short-term plan the

    following thermal power plants projects will

    implemented:

  • No Project Capacity

    (MW)

    1 Red Sea Combined cycle 1,500

    2 Red sea fired coal steam turbines 600

    3 Garri3 simple cycle phase1 510

    4 Garri3 combined cycle phase2 240

    Total 2,850

  • Alfula Project: three units each with

    capacity of 135 MW with a total

    capacity of 405 MW ,the first unit is

    expected to synchronize in 2017.

    Transmission Lines to west of Sudan

    Region (Alfula- Babnosan Nyala

    Alfashir Alginana)

  • In order to meet the rapid increase

    of the demand ,The ministry of

    WRE aim to provide many mobile

    gas turbines as fast track project.

    The first set comprise of six units

    with total capacity of 150 MW.

  • Port Sudan Project : Combined Cycle with

    total capacity of 1,500 MW

    Red Sea Project consist of three units steam

    turbine Coal fired with total generation

    capacity of 600 MW.

    Garri 3 Project :comprise of two phases

    :open cycle 510 MW, upgrading to combined

    cycle with total capacity 750MW

  • Renewable Energy

  • 23

    Average wind speed > 8m/s at 80 m a.g.l

    Wind Resource Potential

  • 24

    Solar Resource Potential

    Average Daily Global Horizontal Irradiation 5.8 7.2 kWh/m2/day

  • RENEWABLE ENERGY Medium Term Plan

    25

    500

    300

    0

    100

    200

    300

    400

    500

    600

    Solar Photovoltaic Wind

    MW

    2020 Targets

  • 350 MW

    30 MW

    50 MW

    20MW

    10 MW

    10MW

    5 MW

    5MW

    10 MW

    10 MW

    ON AND OFF GRID

  • 680 666

    50 56 67,4 54

    0

    100

    200

    300

    400

    500

    600

    700

    800

    Wind Solar

    Photovoltaic

    Solar Thermal

    CSP

    Small

    Hydropower

    Waste-to-Energy Biomass

    MW

    RE Technology

    REMP 2031 Targets

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Long Term Plan

    27

  • 13.6% share in the electricity

    generation

    In 2031: R.E will represent

    29.3% of the installed capacity

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Future Plans Long Term

    28

  • Wind; 5,34%

    Small Hydro;

    0,91%

    Waste;

    1,59%

    Biomass; 0,73% Rural Electrification;

    0,55%

    Grid; 3,41%

    CSP; 0,98%

    Off Grid; 0,08%

    Solar, 4.47%

    RE share (MWh)= 13.6%

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Future Plans

    29

  • Renewable Energy

    Rural Electrification Program

  • The project aims to provide the electricity

    service to the households in rural areas far

    from the grid by installing Solar Home

    Systems

    Target: installing 1.1 million 50-100-200W

    solar home system(SHS)

    Period: 2015-2031

    5.5 million, 26% of population in rural areas

    Budget: 600million US $

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Rural Electrification Program

    31

  • Pilot project: a pilot project for 100 SHS in 4

    different states was implemented.

    To insure the repayment of the loans on

    monthly basis (installments) by the

    beneficiaries, a prepaid meter has been

    designed and adopted.

    Currently 10,000 Solar home systems

    implementation ongoing

    32

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Rural Electrification Program

  • Power Transmission

  • Peak load 2011-2015 (MW)

    1.525 1.727

    2.011

    2.296

    2.562

    0

    500

    1.000

    1.500

    2.000

    2.500

    3.000

    2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

  • N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km

    1 500 KV 965.5

    2 220KV 7692.9

    3 110KV 1128.7

    4 66KV 233

    Total 10,010.1

  • Transmission Lines lengths (Km) up to 2015

    0

    2000

    4000

    6000

    8000

    500 KV 220KV 110KV 66KV

    965,5

    7692,9

    1128,7 233

  • N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km

    1 500 KV 4,676

    2 220KV 4,445

    Total 9,121

  • Existing and Planned Transmission Lines up 2031

  • N0 Voltage Level Total Length Km

    1 220KV 1,990

  • No Projects Name Project components

    1 Babnosa Adila Substation: One 2X100MVA, 220/110/33KV 220KV

    Transmission line: 90KM

    2 Asunt substation GIS substation 220/110 KV, 2X150MVA

    3 Adila Al Dain-Nyala 2 substation (220KV), 2X60MVA, 2X100MVA 220KV

    Transmission line with length 280KM

    4 Nyala - Elfashir 1 Substation: 2X100MVA 220 KV Transmission Line 200 Km

    5 Niala Kaas Zalnge

    Genena

    4substation: 2 SUB with 2X60MVA and 2 Sub with

    2X100MVA. 220KV transmission line with length 350KM

    6 220KV Transmission Line

    Ring -South Kordofan

    8 new substation 2X60MVA each + 3 Extension 220KV

    transmission line: 630KM

    7 Sudan Eritria

    Interconnection

    66KV Transmission line with length 43Km One substation

    with capacity 2x20MVA

    8 River Nile project 310 Km Transmission line + 4 220/33KV substation 2100MVA

    9 East of Sudan project Substations: 4, 3 Subs 220/33KV, 2X60MVA, 1 Subs 110/33KV,

    2X60MVA. 110 Transmission Line 90 KM.

    10 Khartoum Reinforcement

    project

    Substation: reinforcement of Transformers Total capacity

    1200MVA and 90Km 220KV and 110KV Lines.

  • No Project name Project component Voltage

    Level KV

    1 WEST and Nort

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