structure and framework expository essays. what is an expository essay? the expository essay is...
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Structure and Framework Expository Essays
What is an Expository Essay?The expository essay is written for the purpose of presenting information. It explains, informs, gives direction, or shows how to do something.
Parts of an Expository EssayIntroductionBody ParagraphsConclusion
No-nos for Expository WritingDo not use the word reason(s) in any part of the essay.Do not use the word you unless the essay is persuasive.Do not piggyback words (repeatedly using the same word throughout the essay).
Short and sweet.Contain only your topic and position.(aka thesis statement) Topic: What is being asked in the prompt. Position: What your take is on the matter. (your point of view)No explanations or reasons should be included.
Listing only two elements in your introduction paragraphwould leave an extremely short blah introduction!
Therefore, to add some spice (be on fire!) use the funnelidea to your Introduction paragraph.
Introductory Paragraph (FUNNEL)
The first stage is very vague, simply make a statement involving the topic.(Broad, sweeping statement)The second level works on bringing the reader to the topic and position (but not clearly).
The third and/or fourth level should clearly state topic and your position.
EXAMPLE: Introduction Paragraph FunnelPROMPT: Think about whether you would like being a pet owner, or not? ExplainThroughout my life Ive been faced with many individual choices and experiences.Ive also thought long and hard about the possible decisions Ill make in the future.Where to live, what career to pursue and where I will go to college are just a few.One thing I know for sure though is that being a pet owner is not part of my destiny.
A completed funnel introduction paragraphThroughout my life Ive been faced with many individual choices and experiences. Ive also thought long and hard about the possible decisions Ill make in the future. Where to live, what career to pursue and where I will go to college are just a few. One thing I know for sure though is that being a pet owner is not part of my destiny.
SUMMARYHow to Write an Outstanding Introductory paragraph1.Never give an explanation or a reason in the introduction.2.Always indent. 3.Be sure the paragraph includes at least 3 to 5 sentences, with all sentences beginning with capital letters and ending with punctuation. 4.Make sure the introductory paragraph contains these two items: A.Your topic sentence (refers to the prompt)B. Your position about whats being asked in the prompt
Body ParagraphsBody paragraphs are the meat and potatoes of any essay.The body paragraphs are where supporting details/reasons belong.In timed writing, there should only be two body paragraphs.
Body ParagraphsBody paragraphs include each of the following four elements:TransitionsStatementsOne time whens (OTW)/anecdotesThesis tie-in
The first element of the four parts to the body paragraph: Transitions (change or passing from a place, activity, thing, time, etc.)
Transitions make sections of an essay flow.
For the purposes of learning the structure and foundation of a strong essay, at first all students will use the same three transitions (To begin with, Furthermore and Ultimately).
StatementsThe second element of the four parts to the body paragraph: Statements
The statements are the vital part of the essay.
The statement or topic sentence reveals to the reader what the paragraph is going to be about.
The statements are the support for your position.
This is an example of an effective statement:
To begin with, I dont ever want to own pets because they are way too expensive. This is an example of an ineffective statement: To begin with, I dont want to be a pet owner because they are not for me.
Anecdotes (One Time When-OTW)The third element of the four parts to the body paragraph: Anecdotes or one time whens are personal stories told to illustrate a point.
OTWs support the statements.
Anecdotes One Time When (OTW) (Example)To begin, pets can be extremely messy. I remember one time when we got a pet kitten and it shed all over the house and left balls of hair and shredded newspapers everywhere. Its no wonder I dont want another pet.
The last element of the four parts to the body paragraph: Thesis Tie-in
The thesis tie-in is the most difficult and most easily forgotten component of the body paragraph. However, it is essential.
Without the thesis tie-in, the essay will be off-task. Why? The thesis tie-in effectively ties the whole paragraph back to the main topic.
Thesis Tie-In (Example)To begin, pets can be extremely messy. I remember one time when we got a pet kitten and it shed all over the house and left balls of hair and shredded newspapers everywhere. Its no wonder I dont want another pet.
The conclusion paragraph wraps up the essay briefly.The conclusion should quickly sum up the point of view and lightly brush upon the support (reiterating the statements in the body paragraphs.The conclusion starts with a transition (ultimately,) and restates the topic and position similar to a thesis tie-in.An extra sentence or two added after the reiteration of support adds voice (spice it up).Conclusion Paragraph
Ultimately, being a pet owner is definitely not in my future. Pets can be extremely messy and expensive to care for. I do not have what it takes to be a pet owner. Conclusion Paragraph Example
Planning WebBody 1Topic and PositionIntroductionBody 2ConclusionFirst Supporting ReasonSecond Supporting Reason(Support)AnecdoteAnecdoteRestate topic, position, and supporting reasons
Planning WebBody 1Pet OwnerNoIntroductionBody 2ConclusionExtremely MessyExpensive to care forKitten shed, shred newspaperPet ownerNoMessy & $Vet bills