strategic flood risk assessment (sfra) - .the sfra is also used within the sustainability appraisal

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  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 1

    Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

    April 2018

  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 2

    June 201

    Contents

    1.0 Introduction ...................................................................................................... 3

    2.0 Updated Policy and Guidance ......................................................................... 5

    3.0 Artificial Flood Sources .................................................................................. 10

    4.0 Critical Drainage Areas .................................................................................. 10

    5.0 Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) ......................................................... 12

    6.0 Flood Risk Management Plans ...................................................................... 13

    7.0 Working with Natural Processes .................................................................... 14

    8.0 Site-specific Flood Risk Assessment Guidance ............................................. 15

    9.0 Water Cycle Studies ...................................................................................... 16

    10.0 Recommendations ......................................................................................... 16

    Appendices

    Appendix 1: Focused Assessments19

    Appendix 2: Reservoir Risk Maps ...20

  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 3

    1.0 Introduction

    1.1 Objectives

    1.1.1 Local Planning Authorities are required to produce a Strategic Flood Risk Assessment

    (SFRA) as determined by the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF). An SFRA is an

    evidence document used to inform decisions regarding where development should be

    located, influenced by the Sequential Test, and is used to guide policy within the Local Plan.

    The SFRA is also used within the Sustainability Appraisal process to ensure the Local Plan is

    sound.

    1.1.2 The Dartmoor National Park Authority SFRA was completed in 2010 by consultancy Scott

    Wilson using data and input from the Environment Agency (EA), DNPA, South West Water

    Ltd, Highways Agency and Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service. The 2010 SFRA

    report is a Level 1 SFRA and includes background information, technical and supplementary

    information culminating in the presentation of the mapping deliverables appended to the

    report. A series of maps and associated Geographical Information System (GIS) data files

    form the primary deliverable of the Level 1 SFRA.

    1.1.3 The 2010 SFRA includes information on:

    The study area including river catchments, topography and geology

    The Sequential approach including the exception test and windfall sites

    Level 1 SFRA Methodology and GIS Analysis

    Assessment of Flood Risk including flood history

    Flood Risk Management

    Focused Assessments

    Policy Review

    Drainage of Development Sites

    Site Specific FRA Guidance

    Recommendations

  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 4

    1.1.4 The EA has confirmed that it considers the information within the 2010 SFRA is still current in

    a letter dated 13 October 2017:

    we are happy with the fundamentals of the 2010 Scott Wilson SFRA but consider that

    some elements required updating (e.g. policy reference, climate change allowances and the

    responsibilities of the Environment Agency and Lead Local Flood Authorities). We note too

    that the 2010 SFRA was also considered sufficient to support the examination into the

    Development Management and Delivery DPD in 2013 which took place following publication

    of the National Planning Policy Framework.

    With the above in mind we have recommended that the existing SFRA should remain as the

    base document but should be accompanied by a SFRA Review 2017/18 document. The

    SFRA Review should summarise and reiterate the headlines and key recommendations of the

    2010 SFRA, link to the new online interactive map (defining the layers included) and include

    the necessary updates.

    1.1.5 Therefore to make the 2010 SFRA fit for use for the Local Plan Review some information will

    need to be updated. In particular this addendum will review and update GIS data files, policy

    and guidance references. This ensures the SFRA is both useful, and meets the necessary

    requirements to support the review of the Local Plan.

    1.1.6 SFRAs should be considered as live documents where regular review and monitoring should

    be undertaken. The associated GIS Interactive Map can be readily updated and should be

    considered as the live part of the Level 1 SFRA. The GIS Interactive Map will be updated

    when new data is released.

    1.2 Purpose of this addendum report

    1.2.1 The following addendum report has been prepared to ensure that:

    The SFRA evidence base for the Local Plan Review is consistent with changes in the

    National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF 2012) and other relevant government policy,

    guidance and legislation;

    The document is up-to-date and adequately addresses strategic flood risk and related

    issues for Dartmoor National Park

    1.2.2 This SFRA Addendum should be read alongside the Dartmoor National Park SFRA published

    in November 2010 and is available online.

    1.3 Addendum outputs

    1.3.1 The following outputs have been prepared as part of this addendum report:

    Updates to the SFRA resulting from significant changes in legislation, policy and

    guidance documents;

    Reference to the Flood Risk Management Plans, EA Flood Risk Management Strategy

    (June 2014) for the latest flood history, Devon Local Flood Risk Management Strategy,

    Sustainable Drainage System (SuDS) advice including Sustainable Drainage Systems:

    Guidance for Devon (January 2017) for roles and responsibilities;

    Updates to the SFRA to account for changes in climate change guidance allowances;

    An interactive SFRA map with updated flood risk information is available online to replace

    the GIS data files produced in 2010

    http://www.dartmoor.gov.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/1056594/101125-D131849-DNPA-Level-1-SFRA-Final.pdfhttps://www.gov.uk/government/publications/south-west-river-basin-district-flood-risk-management-planhttps://new.devon.gov.uk/floodriskmanagement/local-flood-risk-management-strategy/https://new.devon.gov.uk/floodriskmanagement/local-flood-risk-management-strategy/https://new.devon.gov.uk/floodriskmanagement/sustainable-drainage/https://new.devon.gov.uk/floodriskmanagement/sustainable-drainage/https://new.devon.gov.uk/floodriskmanagement/sustainable-drainage/

  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 5

    2.0 Updated Policy and Guidance

    2.1 National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) 2012 and the National Planning Practice Guidance

    (NPPG)

    2.1.1 The policy and guidance contained within the Planning Policy Statement (PPS) 25:

    Development and Flood Risk Practice Guide (December 2009) has been replaced by the

    NPPF and the NPPG. PPS25 was extensively referred to in the 2010 SFRA.

    2.1.2 However similar policy approaches are shared between the PPS25 and NPPF with no

    fundamental changes. Therefore the 2010 SFRA is based on accurate principles included in

    the NPPF and NPPG. Nonetheless, the NPPF and NPPG should replace all PPS25

    references in the 2010 SFRA.

    2.1.3 NPPF paragraph 103 states that:

    When determining planning applications, local planning authorities should ensure flood risk is

    not increased elsewhere and only consider development appropriate in areas at risk of

    flooding where, informed by a site-specific flood risk assessment following the Sequential

    Test, and if required the Exception Test, it can be demonstrated that: within the site, the most

    vulnerable development is located in areas of lowest flood risk unless there are overriding

    reasons to prefer a different location; and development is appropriately flood resilient and

    resistant, including safe access and escape routes where required, and that any residual risk

    can be safely managed, including by emergency planning; and it gives priority to the use of

    sustainable drainage systems.

    2.1.4 Footnote 20 to Paragraph 103 defines when site specific FRAs are required.

    This includes development proposals of:

    '1 hectare or greater in Flood Zone 1 [surface water flood risk]

    all proposals for new development (including minor development and change of use) in Flood Zones 2 and 3, or in an area within Flood Zone 1 which has critical drainage problems (as notified to the local planning authority by the Environment Agency) and where proposed development or a change of use to a more vulnerable class may be subject to other sources of flooding.

  • Strategic Flood Risk Assessment 2018 6

    2.1.5 As quoted above, the NPPF prioritises the integration of sustainable drainage systems in all

    development (para. 103).

    2.2 DCC Local Flood Risk Management Strategy and its Addendum for Sustainable Drainage

    Systems (SUDS)

    2.2.1 Since the 2010 SFRA Devon County Council (DCC) has published a Local Flood Risk

    Management Strategy (June 2014). As Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA) for its area DCC

    produced this strategy in line with the Flood and Water Management Act 2010.

    2.2.2 The Local Flood Risk Management Strategy should be used as a toolkit and to provide

    guidance for flood risk management practitioners and t

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