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  • Step 4 plus

    2 - Attacking the castled king: A1)1.Th8+Kxh82.Dh5+Kg83.Dh7# (Tate-Thomas, Bristol 1968)2)1....Th1+2.Lxh1Dh2+3.Kf1Dxf2# (Planinc-Nikolac Zagreb, 1975)3)1.Txh5(1.Pf5f6)1....gxh52.Pf54)1.Lxh6+Kxh6(1....Kh82.Dh3)2.Dh3+Kg73.Dh7#(Levin-Zadek, London 1981)5)1....Pxe3+2.fxe3(2.Kh1Pxf2#)2....Dg3+3.Kh1(3.Kf1Df2#)3....Pf2#6)1.Th8+Lxh82.Ph6+Kf83.Df7#7)1....Df3+2.Kxh2Dh3+3.Kg1Pf3#8)1.Pxh6+gxh6(1....Kh82.Pexf7#)2.Dxf7+Kh83.Pg6#9)1.Td7+Txd7(1....Kh82.Dxf6+Kg83.Ph6#)2.Dxf6+Kg83.Ph6#10)1....Tf1+2.Kxf1Dh1+3.Kf2Pg4#11)1....Tc22.Kxc2Dxa2#12)1.Df6Da5(1....Dxe72.Dh8#;1....Txe72.Dh8#)2.Pg6+Kg83.Dh8#(Dvoiris-Asanov, URS

    1977)

    3 - Attacking the castled king: B1)1....Lh2+2.Kh1Lg3+3.Kg1Dh2#2)1....Lxg2+2.Lxg2Dh4+3.Lh3Dxh3#3)1.Tb8+Lf82.Txf8+Kxf83.Dc8#4)1.Txe7+Kxe72.De6+Kf83.Df7#5)Drawing6)1.Pg5h62.Dg6hxg53.Dh5#7)1.Th8+Lxh82.Dg8+Kh63.Dxh8#8)1....Tg3+2.fxg3Lh33.Te2Df1#9)1....Pxc3+2.Lxc3Dxc33.a3Da1#10)1....Dh4+2.Kf1Lh3+3.Kg1Dd4#11)1....Txg22.Kxg2Dh3+3.Kh1Df3#12)1.Th8+Kxh82.Dxh6+Kg83.Dxg7#

    4 - Attacking the castled king: C1)1.Pf6Dxf62.Dxf8#2)1.Peg5fxg52.Pxg53)1.Txh5gxh52.Pf54)1.Ph5gxh52.Pf6+5)1.Pgf5exf52.Pxf56)1.Ph5Lf82.Pf6+Kh83.Dxh7#7)1.Pg5Lxg5(1....Tg82.Dxh7#)2.Dg7#8)1....Lf42.Lxf4Ph49)1.La3Lxa32.Pg5(or2.Pf6+)10)1....Nf3+2. Kh1Bxg2+3.Bxg2Qh4+11)1.Txh7+Lxh72.Dh512)1.Pe4Lxg52.Pxg5

    5 - Attacking the castled king: D1)1.Te8+Lf8(1....Dxe82.Dg5+Pg73.Dxg7#)2.Txd82)1.Dg5+Pg62.Dh63)1.Lf4Pd72.Txd7Dxd73.Lh64)1....Le52.Td1Df35)1.Dc6(1.La6De4)1....f42.Le4;1.Le72.f3!and3.La66)1.Tf1(1.Lxe7f6;1.Dh6Pf5)1....Dd72.Dh6

  • 7)1.Ph5+gxh52.Dg5+8)1.g4Pc62.Df69)1.f5(1.Dh6Pf5)1....De82.Dh610)1.Lf6Tc72.Dh611)1.Lf4(1.Lh6Dc3)1....Dc32.Le512)1....Pxe42.Pxe4(2.Lxe4Lxc3)2....Da3+3.Kb1Db2#

    6 - Attacking the castled king: E1)1.Th5gxh52.Dxh7#2)1.Dg4+Kh82.Df5(2.Dh5f53.Lxf5f6)3)1.Th8+(1.Dh5f5)1....Kxh82.Dh5+Kg83.Dh7#4)1.Lxf6+Lxf62.De45)1.Pf6Lxf62.Ld36)1.Lxf6(1.Txe7Dxe72.Pe4Pe5)1....Lxf62.Df57)1.Dg4+Kh82.Df58)1....Txg2+2.Lxg2Lh2+3.Kh1Lg3+9)1....Txh3+2.gxh3(2.Dxh3Dxd1#)2....Dh2#(Bechtiger-Koronghy, Zurich 1981)10)1.Pg6+fxg62.Dxg611)1....Pxe42.Pxe4Da33.Kb1Db2#12)1.Lg7(1.Lg5Te8;1.Lf4Te8)1....h62.Dxh6Lxg73.Dh7#

    7 - Attacking the castled king: F1)1.Df6+Lxf62.Tg3+ (Apicella-Bauer Aix les Bain, 2003)2)1.Dh6(1.Dh5Tff8)1....Tff82.Dxg7#3)1.Th7+Kxh72.Dxf7+Kh83.Th1+4)1....Dxc32.bxc3Pe45)1.Df6+Lxf62.gxf6+Kg83.Txh8#6)1....Lxa2+2.Pxa2Da57)Drawing8)1.Lf7Dxh4(1....c22.Tg8+Txg83.Txg8#;1....Dxf72.Dxd8+)2.Tg8+Txg83.Txg8#9)1.Th5Tg6(1....Tg82.Dxg8+Dxg83.Txg8+Kxg84.Txh6;1....Tf72.Dg8#)2.Dxg610)Drawing11)1....Tg32.Kh1Txh3+3.Th2Dg612)1.f6Lxg2(1....Dxf62.Dxb4+)2.Tg8+Kxg83.Dxg2+

    8 - Attacking the castled king: G1)1....Pf3+2.gxf3(2.Kh1Pxd2)2....gxf3+3.Kh1Dg2#2)1.Pg5Lxg52.hxg5+Kg83.Dh7+Kf84.Dh8#3)1.Pg5fxg52.hxg54)1.g5gxh52.gxh65)1.Db6+cxb6(1....Ka82.Dxc5)2.axb6#6)1....Lg42.Pxg4hxg4andwins,e.g.3.Dc3Lh2+4.Kh1Lg3+5.Kg1Th1+6.Kxh1Dh5+

    7.Kg1Dh2#7)1.Txh5gxh52.g68)1.Pf5exf52.gxf5+Kh83.Dg29)1.Pxg5+hxg52.h6Tg83.hxg7+10)1....Dg32.hxg4hxg411)1.Dh6Lxf6(1....gxh62.gxh6#)2.gxf6(Hennings-Mohring, Colditz 1967)12)1.Tg4g52.Txg5

    9 - Vulnerability in the opening: A1)1.e6fxe62.Dh5+2)1.Le2

  • 3)1.Pe5fxe52.Dh5+g63.Dxg6#4)1.Pd6+exd62.Dh5#5)1....Pe32.fxe3Lh4+3.Pxh4Dxh4+4.g3Dxg3#6)1.Pf6+gxf62.Dh5+Ke73.Df7#7)1.Txe6+fxe62.Dh5#8)1.Pe6hxg5(1....fxe62.Dh5+)2.Pxd8 (Tiviakov-Janjgava, Moscow 1995)9)1.Lh5+g6(1....Ke72.La3#)2.Pxg6hxg63.Lxg6+Ke74.La3#10)1.Pxe6fxe62.Lh5+Ke73.Dxd6#11)1.Pe5fxe52.Dh5+Kf83.Df7#(Spoelman-Bensdai, Bagneux 2001)12)1....Pg32.Th2Pxe2

    10 - Vulnerability in the opening: B1)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lb5+Dd73.Lxd7+2)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxf7#3)Drawing4)1.Pxe5Lxd1(1....dxe52.Dxg4)2.Lxf7+Ke73.Lg5#5)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxd7+Dxd73.Pxd7Lxc24.Pxf8winningapiece.6)1.Pxe5Dxe5(1....fxe52.Dxg4;1....Lxd12.Pxc6+Pe73.Pxa5)2.Txe5+Pxe53.Le27)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke73.Pf5#8)1.Pxe5Lxe2(1....Pxe52.Dxh5+)2.Lf7+Kf83.Lh6#9)1.Pxe5Pxe5(1....Lxd12.Pxc6+)2.Dxg40-03.Dd110)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lb5+Kd83.Pxf7+11)1....Pxe42.Lxe7Lxf2+3.Kf1Pg3# (Horwitz-Bledow, Berlin 1837)12)1.Pxe5Lxd12.Peg6+(2.Pe6+Ke73.Pxd8)2....fxg63.Pxg6#

    11 - Vulnerability in the opening: C1) 1.Pxe5?Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke73.Lg5+Pf6.Awhiteknightonc3islacking.2) 1.Pxe5?Lxd12.Lxf7+Kf8.Squaref8isfreefortheking.3) 1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke73.Lg5#4) 1.Pxe5?Pxe5andthebishopong4isprotected;(1.Lxd1?2.Lxf7+Ke73.Pd5#)5) 1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke73.Pd5#6) 1.Pxe5Lxd1(1....dxe52.Dxg4Pxc2)2.Lf7+Ke73.Pd5#7) 1.Pxe5?Pxb3!2.Pxg4Pxa1;1.Lxd1?2.Lxf7+Ke73.Pd5#8) 1.Pxe5?Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke7.Themove3.Pd5+isnotpossible.9) 1.Pxe5Lxd12.Pf6+gxf63.Lxf7#10) 1.Pxe5?dxe5(1.Lxd1?2.Lxf7+Ke73.Pd5#)2.Dxg4Pxc2+11) 1.Pxe5Lxd12.Pf6+gxf63.Lxf7#12) 1.Pxe5Lxd12.Lxf7+Ke73.Pd5#;1.dxe5(thebest)2.Db3withadvantage.

    12 - Vulnerability in the opening: D1)1.e5Dxe52.Te12)1.Pxe5fxe5(1....Lxd12.Pxc6+)2.Dxg43)1.Dxf5exf52.Pxc6+4)1.Pd6+Lxd62.Dxf55)1.Pc4Dc72.Pd6+6)1.Pf6+gxf62.Dxd57)1.Pf6+gxf62.Dxd58)1.Pxe4Dxd42.Pf6+9)1.Dxd5exd52.exd6+10)1.Pd6+Kd7(1....exd62.exd6+)2.Pxf711)1.Pxf7Pc62.Dh4Lxf73.Txe7+12)1.Pxd5Db72.Pc7+Kd83.Txd7+

  • 13 - Eliminating the defence / Interfering: A1)1.La4+Pd72.Pd6#2)1....Dh1+2.Ke2Dxg2+3)1....Dg2+2.Ke1Dxh1+4)1.Dg5+Kf82.Dxd8+5)1.e5Pe8(1....Tae82.exf6)2.Dxa86)1.Df3+Kg82.Dxa8+(Kasparov-Anand, New York 1995)7)1....La6+2.Pge2Df2#8)1.c5Le72.Lxe6+9)1....Dg6+2.Kf1Dxb1+10)1.h3Pe52.Lxf411)1.a5Pd72.Lxf512)1....g52.Pe2Pxe4

    14 - Eliminating the defence / Interfering: B1)1.Le4Txe4(1....Lxe42.Pe6#)2.Pg6#(Pogosjants 1965)2)1.Pe6Txe6(1....Lxe62.e8D+)2.c8DTxe73.Dc5+ (Arnstam 1942)3)1.e7Lxe7(1....Td62.exd8D+Txd83.Pf6#)2.Pg7#4)1....Pf32.Lxf3(2.T4xf3Dg2#)2....Dxf1#5)1.Lc6Lxc6(1....Txc62.Pf3#)2.Pg6#6)1.Pb2Txb2(1....Lxb22.b8D)2.g77)1.Pb7Lxb7(1....Txb72.c8D#)2.cxb8D+8)1.Le4Lxe4(1....Txe42.Pd5#;1....Dd42.De1#)2.Pg4#9)1.Ld3Tdxd3(1....Tcxd32.d8D+Txd83.Th1+Th24.Txh2#)2.Th1+Th33.d8D+

    (Gorgiev 1936)10)1.Pfe4Lxe4(1....Txe42.Pf5#;1....b22.Lc3#)2.Pe2#11)1.e4Tf4(1....Txe42.Pf3#;1....Lxe42.Pc4#)2.Te6#12)1....Lc32.Lxc3Txc6

    15 - Eliminating the defence / Blocking: A1)1.Tg6Pf52.Te6#(Fritz 1951)2)1.Pf7Txd72.Te5# (Makletsov 1977)3)1.Ta8Pc72.Td8#+(Hage 1963)4)1.Kf8Tb72.Td8#(Makletsov 1977)5)1.Pd6Pb6(1....c4+2.Pxc4+Kb53.Pb2+)2.Pb7#(Prokes 1978)6)1.Ka3Pd12.Pb3# (Fritz 1951)7)1.Lf6Txf7(1....Th22.Lg6)2.Ta8# (Neidze 1969)8)1.e5+Lxe5(1....Kc52.Pe6+)2.Lf8# (Kvalchev 1951)9)1.Df7Tg82.Dh5#10)1.g7Le62.c4#(Kubbel 1925)11) 1.Kb3Pb62.Lb4# (Missiaen 1952)12)Drawing

    16 - Eliminating the defence / Blocking: B1)1....Pf2+2.Lxf2Df1+3.Lg1Df3#2)1.Dh6+Dh72.Pg6+Kg83.Df8#3)1.Da7+Kc82.Da8+Lb83.Da6#4)1.Pd7+Pxd72.Txc8+Kxc83.Te8#5)1.Tg8+Kh72.Th8+Dxh83.Dg6#6)1.Dd7+Dd62.c3+Dxc3(2....Kc53.Db5#)3.Lf2#7)1.Ph6Tc82.Dg8+Txg83.Pf7#8)1.Dh3+Dh42.g4+Kg53.De3#9)1....Df3+(1....Dd3+2.Kg4Dxg6+3.Kh3Df5+=)2.Lf4Dh3+3.Dg4Dd3#10)1.Pg4+Dxg42.Dg8Dd13.Dh8#

  • 11)1.Ld2+Pf42.h4+Kh53.Th6#12)1....Pf3+2.Kf5Df4+3.gxf4Pe3#

    17 - Draw / Stalemate: A1)1.Te1Dxe1stalemate(1....Pb32.Txb1+Kxb13.Kxa4)(Lilja 1969)2)1.Tc7Lxc7stalemate(1....Pb72.Txb7Txb7stalemate)(Nadareishvili 1974)3)1....De1+(1....Df2+2.Dxf2;1....Df3+2.Lxf3;1....Df4+2.Lf3)2.Kxe1stalemate4)1.De1Dxe1stalemate(1....Lg22.Dxf1+Kxf13.Kxg4)(Godes 1984)5)1.b4+Kxb42.Pc6+Pxc6stalemate(Nyeviczkey 1951)6)1.Dxg7+Kxg72.Pxf5+gxf5stalemate(2....Kf6?3.Pxg3)7)1.Td8Txd8(1....Kxb7?2.Txg8)2.b8DTxb8stalemate(2....Kd7?3.Dxe5)8)1.Lh5+Kxh52.g4+Kg6stalemate(Bent, 1976)9)1.d8DLxd82.Lf4+Kxf4stalemate10)1.Le3(1.Lxg5+?Kxg5)1....Dxe32.Pf5+Lxf5stalemate(Neistadt, 1974)11)1.Pb6Tb8!2.Ka1Txb6stalemate(2....Tc83.Pxc8stalemate)(Rinck, 1938)12)1.Kh4(1.Lxc6+Kxc62.Kf4Kd6)1....g5+(1....Dxg2stalemate)2.Kh5Dxg2stalemate

    18 - Draw / Insufficient material: A1)1....Kf4(1....Kg2?2.h4)2.Kd4Kg53.Pe3Kh42)Drawing3)1.Lg2Txh52.Kg4+Td54)1.Pf6Ph62.Pd7(Fritz, 1983)5)1.f4+Kxf4(1....Txf42.Pe6+)2.Pxa46)1.Tb2+Kg12.Ta2!Pxa2+(2....Txa2stalemate)3.Kb2 (Herbstmann, 1934)7)1.Pxf4Lxf42.e4(Akerblom, 1963)8)1.Ld7+Kb42.g4(Gurvich, Pogosjants, 1964)9)1.Th6Pxh62.g6Phf510)1.La3bxa3stalemate(Krikheli, 1980)11)1.Pe5Lc82.Pf3+12)1.Txc2Lxc2+2.Ka3Pc33.Kb2(Rinck, 1937)

    19 - Endgame / Avoiding stalemate: A1)1.Ta5+(1.Txd5?stalemate)1....Dxa52.b7+Ka73.b8D+Ka64.Db7# (Kakovin, 1972)2)1.Lg7+(1.Txg1?b1D+2.Txb1stalemate)1....Dxg72.Th1+3)1.De1Txe1+2.Kh24)1.Lg4+(1.Lxf5?stalemate)1....Dxg4(1....Kxg42.Ph6+Kxg33.Pxf5+Kg44.Ke4)2.

    Pf6+Kg63.Pxg45)1.Tf2(1.Txa2stalemate;1.Pf2+Ke12.Txa2stalemate)1....a1D2.Tf1+(Nadareishvili, 1989)6)1.Lg1g22.Pf2 (Gorgiev, 1937)7)1.Dd6Dxd6+2.e5+8)1.f4Dxc1+2.Kxc1Kxe33.f5;1....Dg62.Tc3+9)1.c3+Dxc32.Td8+Kc53.Tc8+Kd44.Txc3Kxc35.Kg5 (Dawson, 1923)10)1.f7+(1.Lxe6?stalemate)1....Kxf7(1....Kxe72.Lxe6)2.Lh411)1.Pb4(1.Lxb6?stalemate)1....Dxb4(1....Da52.Ld2+Kd43.Pc6+;1....Kxb42.Lxb6)2.

    Ld2+Kd43.Lxb4(Dawson, 1922)12)1.Tb4+(1.Txb2Ta5+2.Kb7Tb5+)1....Kg52.Txb2

    20 - Draw / Perpetual check: A1)1....Pf4+(1....Pxg3+2.Ke1)2.Kg1Pe2+3.Kf1Pf4+2)1.Dh8+Kd7(1....Df82.Dxf6)2.Dh3+Ke83.Dh8+3)1.Pf5+(1.Txh2+Kg52.Txh8a23.Th1a1D4.Txa1Txa1)1....Kh52.Pg7+Kh63.Pf5+4)1....Pf5+2.Kf1(2.Kh1Pg3#)2....Pe3+3.Kg1(3.Ke1Lc3#)5)1....Td1+(1....De1+2.Lf1)2.Lxd1De1+3.Kh2Dh4+4.Kg1De1+

  • (Khalifman-Salov, Wijk aan Zee 1991)6)1.Lb2+Kh6(1....Kg82.Pf6+;1....Kh72.Pf6+;1....Kg62.Pe5+;1....Kf72.Pe5+)

    2.Lc1+Kg7(2....Kh53.Pf6+=)3.Lb2+=(Kasparian, 1958)7)1.Pd7+Kf72.Pe5+Kf63.Pd7+8)1....Th1+2.Kf2Th2+9)1.Kf8b1D2.Pf7+Kh73.Pxg5+Kh84.Pf7+10)1.Dh4+Kg72.Te7+Txe73.Dxe7+Kg84.De8+Kg75.De7+Kh66.Dh4+

    (Agrest-Dubinka, 1999)11)1.Ld7+Kd82.Lb6+Ke73.Lc5+(Anand-Gelfand, Mnchen 1994)12)1.Td8+Lf8(1....Kh72.Pf6+Kg73.Ph5+)2.Pf6+Kg73.Ph5+Kh74.Pf6+

    21 - Draw / Perpetual check: B1)1....Tf6+2.Ke7Pf5+3.Ke8Pd6+4.Ke7Pf5+2)1....Pf3+2.gxf3Te2+3)1.Pxf6+(1.Dg5+Kh82.Dh4+Ph7)1....Pxf62.Dg5+4)1.Tg8+(1.Txh7+Kxh72.Dh4+Kg6)1....Txg8(1....Kxg82.Dg5+Kh83.Df6+)2.Df6+

    Tg73.Dd8+Tg84.Df6+5)1....Lg2+2.Txg2De1+3.Tg1Dxe4+6)1.Te7d1D(1....h52.Te8+)2.Te8+Kf73.Te7+7)1.Lf8+Tg72.Txg7+Kh63.Tg8+Kh74.Tg7+8)1.Df8+(1.Dc1Dxe5;1.Pc4Df3)1....Txf82.Pg6+Kh73.Pxf8+Kh84.Pg6+9)1....Pe12.h4Pf3+3.Kg2Tg1+10)1....Dd4+2.Df2Dd1+3.De1Dd4+4.Df2Dd1+11)1.Tg4+Kh5(1....Kh32.Tg1+Dxf5+3.Kxf5)2.Tg5+Kh63.Tg6+Kh5(3....Pxg6)

    4.Tg5+Kh45.Tg4+Kh512)1.Df8+Kxf82.Td8+Kg73.Lf8+Kg84.Le7+