State: ANDHRA PRADESH Agriculture Contingency Plan pradesh (Pdf)/ANGRAU... · State: ANDHRA PRADESH…

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<ul><li><p>State: ANDHRA PRADESH </p><p> Agriculture Contingency Plan for District: EAST GODAVARI </p><p> 1.0 District Agriculture Profile 1.1 Agro-climatic/Ecological Zone Agro Ecological Sub Region </p><p>(ICAR) </p><p>Eastern Coastal plain, hot sub-humid to semi arid eco region (12.1, 18.4) </p><p>Agro-Climatic Region (Planning Commission) </p><p>East Coast plain and hill region (XI) </p><p>Agro climatic Zone (NARP) Krishna Godavari Zone (AP-1) List all the districts or part thereof falling under the NARP Zone </p><p>Krishna, Guntur, West Godavari, major parts of East Godavari and parts of Prakasam </p><p>Geographic coordinates of district Latitude Longitude Altitude 16 58' 60"N 18 46' 60" E 13m AMSL </p><p>Name and address of the concerned ZRS/ZARS/RARS/RRS/RRTTS </p><p>Regional Agricultural Research Station, Maruteru, West Godavari-534122 </p><p>Mention the KVK located in the district </p><p>CTRI KVK, Kalavalcherla, Rajahmundry, West Godavari district </p><p>1.2 Rainfall (is it average , how many </p><p>years pl mention, if last year, give </p><p>year in brackets </p><p>Normal RF(mm) </p><p>Normal Rainy days (no) Normal Onset (specify week and month) </p><p>Normal cessation (specify week and month) </p><p>SW monsoon (June-Sept) 752 1st week of June 2nd week of October NE monsoon (Oct Dec) 320 3rd week of October 4th week of December </p><p> Winter (Jan-Feb) 20 Summer (Mar May) 126 Annual 1218 </p><p> 1.3 Land use pattern of the </p><p>district </p><p>Geographical </p><p>area </p><p>Forest </p><p> area </p><p>Land under </p><p>non agrl </p><p>Perman</p><p>ent </p><p>Cultiva</p><p>ble </p><p>Land under </p><p>misc tree </p><p>Barren </p><p>and </p><p>Current </p><p>fallows </p><p>Other fallows </p></li><li><p> 2</p><p>use pasture</p><p>s </p><p>wastela</p><p>nd </p><p> crops and </p><p>grooves </p><p>unculti</p><p>vable </p><p>land </p><p>Area (000 ha) 1080.7 323.2 142.8 20.7 18.1 8.6 79.1 16.4 33.8 1.4 Major Soils (common names like shallow red soils etc) </p><p>Area (000 ha) Percent (%) of total </p><p>1. Clay loamy soils 42 39 2. Red sandy loams 17 16 3. Sandy clay loams </p><p>48 45 </p><p>1.5 Agricultural land use Area (000 ha) Cropping intensity % </p><p>Net sown area 418.1 183.3 </p><p>Area sown more than once 348.4 Gross cropped area 766.5 </p><p> 1.6 Irrigation Area (000ha) </p><p>Net irrigated area 277.8 Gross irrigated area 490.6 Rainfed area 140.3 </p><p>Sources of irrigation Number Area (000ha) Percentage of total irrigated area Canals 180.9 61.6 Tanks 36 12.3 Open wells - Bore wells 64.5 22.0 Tube wells and filter points Lift irrigation Micro irrigation Other sources 12.0 4.1 Total irrigated area 293.5 100.0 </p></li><li><p> 3</p><p>Pump sets 20526 No. of tractors 4352 Groundwater availability and use * (data source: State/Central Ground water department /Board ) </p><p>No. of blocks/Tehsils % area </p><p>Over exploited Critical Semi-critical Safe Wastewater availability and use Ground water quality </p><p>* over-exploited: groundwater utilization &gt;100%; critical:90-100%: semi-critical ;70-90%; safe:</p></li><li><p> 4</p><p>1 Coconut 49.7 2 Cashew 33.6 3 Oil palm 13.7 Fodder crops Total area Total fodder crop area Grazing land Sericulture Others (specify) </p><p> 1.8 </p><p>Livestock Male (number) Female (number) Total (number) </p><p>Non descriptive Cattle (local low yielding) 82.3 118.6 200.9 Crossbred cattle 14.9 76.6 91.5 Non descriptive Buffaloes (local low yielding) 90.0 595.0 685.0 Graded Buffaloes Goat 200.0 Sheep 146.3 Others (Camel, Pig, Yak etc.) 26.5 Commercial dairy farms (Number) </p><p>1.9 Poultry No. of farms Total No. of birds (number) </p><p>Commercial 15965425 Backyard 1736498 </p><p>1.10 </p><p>Fisheries (Data source: Chief Planning Officer) </p><p>A. Capture </p><p>i) Marine (Data Source: Fisheries Department) </p><p>No. of fishermen Boats Nets Storage facilities (Ice </p><p>plants etc.) Mechanized Non-</p><p>mechanized Mechanized (Trawl nets, Gill nets) </p><p>Non-mechanized (Shore Seines, </p><p>Stake &amp; trap nets) </p><p>22029 338 1194/3360 1106/118644 204 / 0 29 / 6 ii) Inland (Data Source: Fisheries Department) </p><p>No. Farmer owned ponds No. of Reservoirs No. of village tanks </p><p>1855 6 174 </p></li><li><p> 5</p><p>B. Culture </p><p> Water Spread Area (ha) </p><p>Yield (t/ha) Production (000 tons) </p><p>i) Brackish water (Data Source: MPEDA/ Fisheries Department) </p><p>3500 - 5.2 </p><p>ii) Fresh water (Data Source: Fisheries Department) </p><p>1681593 - 6.7 </p><p>Others - 80.3 </p></li><li><p> 6</p><p> 1.11 Production and </p><p>productivity of major </p><p>crops (Average of last 5 years 2004,05,06,07,08) </p><p>Kharif Rabi Summer Total </p><p>Produc tion (000t) </p><p>Producti vity (kg/ha) </p><p>Produc tion (000t) </p><p>Producti vity (kg/ha) </p><p>Produc tion (000t) </p><p>Producti vity (kg/ha) </p><p>Produc tion (000t) </p><p>Producti vity (kg/ha) </p><p>Crop residue as fodder (000 tons) </p><p> Major Field Crops (Crops to be identified based on total acreage) </p><p>1 Paddy 717 2983 796 4690 - - 1513 3690 </p><p>2 Sugarcane 1488 88386 - - - - 1488 88386 </p><p>3 Blackgram - - - - 8 267 8 267 </p><p>4 Greengram - - - - 12 276 12 276 </p><p>5 Cotton 18 (000 bales of 170kg each) </p><p>398 - - - - 18 398 </p><p>Major horticultural crops </p><p>Horticulture crops Fruits </p><p>1 Mango 158 8267 </p><p>2 Banana 463 30000 </p><p>3 Lemon 34 1.7 </p><p>Horticultural crops Vegetables </p><p>1 Tapioca 310 20167 </p><p>2 Brinjal 58 18667 </p><p>3 Bhendi 30 14333 </p><p>4 Gourds 27 13667 </p><p>5 Chillies 5.0 2750 </p><p>Spices and crops </p></li><li><p> 7</p><p>1 Coconut 0.7 - </p><p>2 Cashew 21.1 627 </p><p>3 Oil palm 65.0 4667 </p><p> 1.12 Sowing window for 5 </p><p>major field crops (start </p><p>and end of normal </p><p>sowing period) </p><p>Paddy </p><p>Sugarcane </p><p>Blackgram </p><p>Greengram </p><p>Cotton </p><p> Kharif - rainfed June 1st week - July 1st week </p><p> July1st fortnight July 2nd fortnight </p><p> Kharif irrigated July 1st week- July last week </p><p> Rabi rainfed March 2nd week - March 3rd week </p><p>March last week - April I week </p><p> Rabi irrigated December 2nd fortnight January 1st fortnight </p><p>January 1st fortnight March 1st fortnight </p><p> 1.13 What is the major contingency the </p><p>district is prone to? </p><p>Regular Occasional Never </p><p> Drought </p><p> Flood Cyclone Hail storm Heat wave Cold wave Frost Sea water intrusion </p><p> Pests and diseases (specify) Rice: Blast Redgram: Maruca and Helicoverpa Cotton: Sucking pest complex </p></li><li><p> 8</p><p>Blackgram : YMV </p><p> 1.14 Include Digital maps </p><p> of the district for </p><p>Location map of the district within state as Annexure 1 Enclosed : Yes /No </p><p> Mean annual rainfall as Annexure 2 Enclosed : Yes/No Soil map as Annexure 3 Enclosed : Yes/No </p></li><li><p> 9</p></li><li><p> 10</p><p>Strategies for weather related contingencies </p><p>2.1 Drought </p><p>2.1.1 Rainfed situation Condition Suggested contingency measures Early season </p><p>drought (delayed </p><p>onset) </p><p>Major </p><p>farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in </p><p>crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Delay by 2 weeks </p><p>(June 3rd</p><p> week) </p><p>Uplands-Rainfed </p><p>Paddy No change </p><p>Cotton </p><p>Agency area - Rainfed </p><p>Paddy </p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Early season drought </p><p>(delayed onset) </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal </p><p>crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Delay by 4 weeks (July 1st week) </p><p>Upland - Rainfed Paddy </p><p>No change </p><p>Direct seeding can be taken up with short duration varieties under dry conditions and later converted to wet paddy after receipt of good rainfall </p><p>Cotton - </p><p> Agency area Rainfed </p><p>Paddy Direct seeding can be taken up with short duration varieties under dry conditions and later converted to wet paddy after receipt of good rainfall. </p></li><li><p> 11</p><p>Condition Suggested contingency measures Early season drought </p><p>(delayed monsoon) </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal </p><p>crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Delay by 6 weeks (July 3rd week) </p><p>Upland Rainfed Paddy </p><p>No change </p><p>Adopt direct seeding of paddy with short duration varieties by following proper weed management practices </p><p>Cotton -- </p><p> Agency area Rainfed </p><p>Paddy Adopt direct seeding of paddy with short duration varieties by following proper weed management practices </p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Early season </p><p>drought (delayed </p><p>onset) </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Delay by 8 weeks (August 1st week) </p><p>Upland Rainfed Paddy </p><p>Redgram (sole crop), Redgram + blackgram, Blackgram, Green gram. </p><p>Recommended prackage of practices </p><p>Source of seed: RARS, Maruteru and ARS, Peddapuram </p><p> Cotton </p><p> Agency area Rainfed </p><p>Paddy </p></li><li><p> 12</p><p>Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Early season drought </p><p>(Normal onset) </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal </p><p>crop/cropping system </p><p>Crop management Soil nutrient and moisture </p><p>conservation measures </p><p>Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Normal onset </p><p>followed by 15-20 </p><p>days dry spell after </p><p>sowing leading to </p><p>poor </p><p>germination/crop </p><p>stand etc. </p><p>Upland Rainfed Paddy </p><p>To prevent withering of nurseries, foliar application with 2% urea can be taken up </p><p>Instead of top dressing with N fertilizers, foliar application can be taken up for efficient use of N. any urea concentration may be given here </p><p>Cotton Gap filling is to be taken up by pot watering 7-10 after sowing if the crop stand is poor </p><p>- </p><p>Agency area Rainfed Paddy To prevent withering of nurseries, foliar application of 2% urea </p><p>Instead of top dressing with N fertilizers, foliar application can be taken up for efficient use of N </p><p>Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Mid season drought </p><p>(long dry spell, </p><p>consecutive 2 weeks </p><p>rainless (&gt;2.5mm </p><p>period) </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal </p><p>crop/cropping system </p><p>Crop management Soil nutrient &amp; </p><p>moisture </p><p>conservation </p><p>measures </p><p>Remarks on implementation </p><p> Upland Rainfed Paddy </p><p>Foliar application of 2% urea </p><p>Interculture operations </p><p>Cotton 1. Foliar application with 2% urea 2. Stem application of systemic insecticide to control sucking pests </p><p>Intercultivate periodically to conserve soil moisture </p><p>Agency Rainfed Paddy Foliar application with 2% urea </p></li><li><p> 13</p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Mid season drought (long dry spells) </p><p>Major farming situation </p><p>Normal crop/cropping system </p><p>Crop management Soil nutrient &amp; moisture conservation measures </p><p>Remarks on implementation </p><p>At reproductive stage </p><p>Upland Rainfed </p><p>Paddy </p><p> Foliar application with 2%urea + MOP </p><p>Cotton Frequent intercultivation to create soil mulch Spray urea 2% &amp;KNO31% to supplement nutrition </p><p> Agency-Rainfed Paddy Foliar application with 2%urea + MOP </p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Terminal drought Major farming situation </p><p>Normal crop/cropping system </p><p>Crop management Rabi crop planning Remarks on implementation </p><p> Upland - Rainfed </p><p> Paddy </p><p>Foliar application with 2%urea + MOP to supplement nutrition </p><p>-- </p><p> Cotton </p><p>Spray urea 2% urea or KNO3 Topping to prevent formation of new vegetative and reproductive flush </p><p>Agenc area - Rainfed </p><p>Paddy </p><p>Foliar application of 2%urea + MOP </p></li><li><p> 14</p><p>2.1.2 Irrigated situation </p><p>Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Delayed release of water in canals due to low rainfall </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal crop;/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in </p><p>crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Godavari Delta Tail End Areas </p><p>Paddy Paddy -blackgram/greengram </p><p>Paddy-Paddy-Greengram </p><p> Over aged seedlings can be transplanted up to August </p><p> Adopt closer spacing by planting 4-6 plants/hill </p><p> Apply entire P and K and two third N as basal and remaining one third N as basal </p><p> If nurseries are dried up, direct sown paddy can be taken up till August with short duration varieties </p><p> If rabi rice harvesting is delayed, avoid blackgram in rice fallows. Instead, greengram or green manure crops can be taken up </p><p>Godavari Delta Tail End Areas Saline / Alkaline soils </p><p>Paddy Paddy Blackgram / Greengram </p><p>Paddy Paddy- Blackgram/Greengram </p><p> Paddy Paddy- Blackgram/Greengram </p><p>Paddy-Paddy blackgram /greengram. </p></li><li><p> 15</p><p>Sugarcane No change Short or medium duration varieties of sugarcane need to be taken up </p><p> Adopt recommended plant protection practices for control of shoot borer </p><p> Adopt crop rotation with pulse crop </p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p> Limited release of </p><p>water in canals due </p><p>to low rainfall </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal crop/ </p><p>cropping system </p><p>Change in </p><p>crop/cropping system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Godavari Delta Tail End Areas </p><p>Paddy-Paddy-pulses Paddy Blackgram /Greengram </p><p> Adopt alternate wetting and drying upto primordial initiation stage to save water </p><p> Irrigate upto a depth of 3-5cm from PI stage to maturity </p><p> Adopt timely weed management practices </p><p>Rabi </p><p> Avoid paddy wherever irrigation water is insufficient </p><p> Blackgram i(any variety is ok) can be taken up in rabi in rice fallows </p><p>Source of seed: RARS, Maruteru and ARS, Peddapuram </p><p> Godavari Delta Tail End Areas Saline / Alkaline soils </p><p> Paddy-Paddy-pulses </p><p> Paddy Blackgram /Greengram </p><p> Rabi </p><p> Avoid paddy wherever irrigation water is insufficient </p><p> Blackgram can be taken up in rabi in rice fallows (mention as above) </p><p>Source of seed: RARS, Maruteru and ARS, Peddapuram </p></li><li><p> 16</p><p>Godavari Delta Middle and Upper Reaches </p><p>Paddy Paddy- Blackgram/Greengram </p><p>Paddy - Blackgram </p><p> Adopt alternate wetting and drying upto primordial initiation stage to save water </p><p> Irrigate upto a depth of 3-5cm from PI stage to maturity </p><p> Adopt timely weed management practices </p><p>Rabi </p><p> Avoid paddy wherever irrigation water is insufficient </p><p> Blackgram can be taken up in rabi in rice fallows </p><p> Sugarcane </p><p> No change </p><p> Short and medium duration </p><p>sugarcane varieties </p><p> Adopt proper weed management practices </p><p> Avoid paddy in rabi, instead </p><p>greengram can be taken up </p><p>Source of setts: RARS, Anakapalli and ARS, Vuyyur </p><p> Condition Suggested contingency measures </p><p>Non release of </p><p>water in canals </p><p>under delayed onset </p><p>of monsoon in </p><p>catchment (This </p><p>situation arises only </p><p>in rabi in the </p><p>Major farming </p><p>situation </p><p>Normal crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Change in </p><p>crop/cropping </p><p>system </p><p>Agronomic measures Remarks on </p><p>implementation </p><p>Godavari Delta Tail End Areas </p><p>Paddy-Paddy-pulse Paddy Blackgram /Greengram </p><p> Avoid paddy in rabi LBG 752 &amp; PU 31 YMV </p><p>tolerant blackgram varieties </p></li><li><p> 17</p><p>district)...</p></li></ul>

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