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    Standard Summary Project Fiche

    Project no: TR 06 03 02

    Basic Information

    1.1 CRIS Number (Year 1): 1.2 Title: Control of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in Turkey 1.3 Sector: Agriculture 1.4 Location: Turkey 1.5 Duration: 3 years

    2. Objectives 2.1 Overall Objective(s): The overall objective of the project is to eradicate FMD in Turkey to ensure a high level of animal health status like in the EU.

    2.2 Project purpose: Control of FMD in Turkey by mass vaccination policy in accordance with other EU control measures such as animal identification, movement and market controls.

    2.3 Accession Partnership (AP) and NPAA priority 2.3.1 2005 ACCESSION PARTNERSHIP Short Term Priorities - Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy – Further align the system of animal identification and registration for bovines with EU

    requirements and start action in view of the identification of sheep and goats and registration of their movements.

    – Adopt a strategy to eradicate the main animal diseases. – Prepare a program for modernising food-processing establishments to meet EU hygiene

    and public health standards. – Implement residues and zoonosis control programmes. Medium Term Priorities - Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary – Align the veterinary, food safety, and phytosanitary legislation. – Build up the necessary administrative capacity to implement the veterinary, phytosanitary

    and food legislation. – Establish animal identification and registration system for sheep and goats in line with the

    EU requirements. – Upgrade agri-food processing establishments so that they are in a position to respect EU

    food safety standards and legislation. Modernise dairy farms. – Implement food safety control systems – Set up a system of collections of cadavers and treatment of animal by-products.

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    – Implement eradication plans for the main diseases – Align the system of plant variety registration with EU requirements. 2.3.2 NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR THE ADOPTION OF THE ACQUIS (Official Gazette Dated 24 July 2003 No. 25178 bis) PRIORITY 7.2 Alignment to the Veterinary Acquis

    Priority Description

    The harmonization process in the veterinary field is based on the Veterinary Project carried out under the 2002 Financial Cooperation Program. In the Veterinary Project, veterinary legislation, animal health, disease surveillance, control and eradication, veterinary information systems, veterinary border inspection posts, veterinary public health and animal welfare were identified as priority areas. Meanwhile, the Veterinary Framework Law, which is a prerequisite of the Twinning project, is being prepared through the technical assistance provided by the Administrative Cooperation Program. The Veterinary Framework Law will establish the legal basis, for the transposition of main EU regulations, directives and decisions into the Turkish legal system.

    In the field of animal health, technical facilities of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will be improved to carry out the monitoring of the OIE list A and B diseases. In addition, national control and eradication programs will be prepared, and the facilities and diagnosis infrastructure of the veterinary laboratories will be improved. For the Blue tongue disease an action plan will be prepared, which will set the basis for the other diseases in the list A of the OIE.

    A Veterinary Information System supporting the system on identification and registration of bovine animals, control of animal movements and disease control programmes and containing notification systems such as ANIMO, ADNS and SHIFT will be established. As a result, a network will be set up that will enable information exchange between the central and local organizations of MARA and border inspection posts, laboratories, slaughterhouses and major markets.

    2.3.3 2005 REGULAR REPORT {COM (2005) 561 final} 9 November 2005, SEC (2005) 1426

    Chapter 12 (page 80):

    Efforts have been observed concerning animal diseases control measures. For foot and mouth disease (FMD) a vaccination campaign has been implemented, new actions need to be organised in the context of a global strategy for the control of this crucial disease. In addition vaccination campaigns have been implemented against brucellosis, sheep and goat plague, anthrax, sheep and goat pox, bluetongue, Newcastle disease and rabies. Furthermore, an animal disease strategy for controlling the World Organisation for Animal Diseases (OIE) List-A diseases, has been prepared. Efficient implementation is however linked to the implementation of veterinary control systems.

    2.4 Contribution to National Development Plan Not applicable.

    2.5 Cross Border Impact As being non-CBC project, it has no direct cross border impact. In the end of the project the number of FMD cases among the bovine and ovine animals will be decreased, which will also minimise the possibility of spreading of the disease to neighbouring countries and subsequently to Europe.

    http://rega.basbakanlik.gov.tr/Eskiler/2003/07/20030724M1.htm

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    3. Description 3.1 Background and justification: FMD is the most important Office International des Epizooties (OIE: World Organization for Animal Health) List A disease due to its effect on trade. In the past, the disease has ravaged European livestock, but has been gradually brought under control. However FMD remained and is still endemic in Anatolia which appears to be potential source of sporadic outbreaks in the Balkans and threat to Europe.

    FMD has serious economic effects for Turkey and also constitutes a persistent danger of infection to the entirely susceptible livestock population of the European Union. Turkey has been trying to control FMD by general vaccination policy since 1967, despite the national efforts of Turkey and the technical and financial assistance provided by international organisations, the attempts made to control FMD in Turkey over many years have met with only limited success due to the fact that the vaccination coverage was not enough to control the disease totally (Annex 7). Notable freedom has been achieved for significant periods in the geographically isolated region of Thrace, but elsewhere throughout the Anatolian peninsula the disease remains endemic and new types and strains of virus continue to gain access, principally from the East (Annex 7).

    Republic of Turkey is aligning the system of the control of animal contagious diseases with the systems valid at present in the EU member states. At the same time Turkey is in the process of aligning of the national legislation on the FMD with the provisions of the EU Veterinary Acquis. The movement toward Turkish membership of the European Union gives increased emphasis to the need for more effective control of the disease in the region.

    Existing Turkish legislation which covers the provisions on FMD, the Law No: 3285 on Animal Health and Control is not line with the relevant EU legislation. To align with Council Directive 2003/85/EC on Community measures for the control of foot-and-mouth disease, a draft FMD Regulation has been prepared and will be enacted after Veterinary Framework Law has entered into force, which will be sent to the Parliament for adoption in early 2006.

    A Working Group Meeting on Animal Diseases between the Commission services and Turkish officials took place in Ankara, Turkey on 15th-16th March 2005 and the agreed conclusions of the meeting are given in Annex 8. A pre-accession programme on FMD for 2006 and a pre- accession programme on PPR for 2007 covering the actions to be proposed by the MARA have been defined as priorities. The Working Group has agreed on a three years action for FMD and decided to regionalize Turkey as Thrace and Anatolia in order to achieve the objectives defined. The actions decided comprise vaccination, sero surveillance, control measures and cleaning and disinfection.

    3.2 Sectoral rationale Necessary political commitment was already declared in the National Programme with the provision of all the resources essential to implement fully the existing strategies which are prerequisites in order to achieve the medium term objective of control and to move towards the longer term objective of eradication. Therefore timely support from the EU will be extremely valuable in the expeditious achievement of these objectives.

    This project will help controlling the disease in the Anatolia region of Turkey and eradicating the disease in the Thrace region. After the implementation of this project a follow up project for the eradication of the disease countrywide should be implemented on the basis of the programme prepared by the implemented project Support to the Alignment of Turkey to the

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    EU Veterinary Acquis and this project. An ADNS and TRACES system will be established by that time and the follow up project will also support data access to the system.

    The aim of vaccination and surveillance programme in Thrace region

    The aim of the Republic of Turkey is to achieve the status of being FMD free with vaccination in Thrace by 2010. To attain this goal, the present programme will first establish regionalization of Turkey as Thrace and Anatolia in order to maintain the free status of Thrace and to prevent animal movement from Anatolia. Second, vaccination of sheep and goat at a level of 100 % once a year will be targeted which was not considered previously. Identification and registration system for bovine animals w

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