sprinkler sprinkler systemsystem inspection, testing ......
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2828thth Annual AHCA/FHEA SEMINARAnnual AHCA/FHEA SEMINAR
Sprinkler Sprinkler SystemSystem
Testing & Testing &
Speaker Information:Speaker Information:
Bob Caputo, CFPS, Bob Caputo, CFPS, CETCETVice PresidentVice President
Fire & Life Safety AmericaFire & Life Safety America657 Cantara Lane Vista, CA firstname.lastname@example.org (760) 908-7753
Member: NFPA 13 Committees (Installation; Discharge; Hangers & BracesMember: NFPA 25, 3 / 4 CommitteesChair: NFPA 16 CommitteeNFPA/AFSA/NFSA Senior InstructorReally Nice Guy
Systems covered include sprinkler, standpipe and hose, fixed-water spray, private fire
hydrants, water mist, and foam-water.
Water supplies are also covered including private fire service mains, fire pumps, and
water storage tanks.
Valves that control system flow are also included
All inspections, tests, and maintenance must be coordinated with NPFA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.
1.1.3 This standard addresses the operating condition of fire protection systems . . .
188.8.131.52 This standard does not require the inspector to verify the adequacy of the design of the system.
1.2.1 Provides a REASONBLE degree of safety
Important Definitions:Important Definitions:
3.3.4 Deficiency. . . A condition in which a system or portion of a system is damaged, inoperable, or in need of service . . .
184.108.40.206 Critical Deficiency. A deficiency that . . . canhave an effect on the performance of the system.
220.127.116.11 Noncritical Deficiency. A deficiency that doesnot have an effect on the performance of the fire protection system . . .
Chapter 4 Chapter 4 The Owners ChapterThe Owners Chapter
The standard is written to the property owner The owner is responsible for all inspection,
testing, and maintenance procedures
The owner may delegate the authority for the inspection, testing, and maintenance of the
fire protection systems.
The designated representative must comply with all requirements identified for the owner.
Competent Competent Personnel & Personnel &
Alternate ProgramsAlternate Programs
Owners Responsibilities: Owners Responsibilities:
Provide Access Record Keeping
Changes in Use or Occupancies Make Repairs in a Timely
PrePre--Planned Impairments:Planned Impairments:
Where an impairment is to last for more than
10 hours in a 24 hour period one of the
following must be done:
Evacuation of the affected area
Temporary water supply
Implement an approved fire control program
Chapters 5 Chapters 5 -- 1313
Chapter 5 Sprinkler Systems Chapter 6 Standpipe Systems Chapter 7 Private Fire Service Mains Chapter 8 Fire Pumps Chapter 9 Water Storage Tanks Chapters 10 & 11 Foam/Foam & Water Chapter 12 Water Mist Systems Chapter 13 - Valves
Typical Chapter Overview:Typical Chapter Overview:
Summary Tables Interpreting Text
Repair Replacement Tables
Component Replacement Activity:Component Replacement Activity:
Sprinklers, Pipe & Fitting, Hangers & Sprinklers, Pipe & Fitting, Hangers &
Braces Braces -- Inspected from the FloorInspected from the Floor
Orientation Empty bulbs Clearance below sprinkler (such as storage)
Sprinklers Shall Be Replaced When:Sprinklers Shall Be Replaced When:
In wrong orientationIn wrong orientation Have an empty bulbHave an empty bulb
Testing Sprinklers:Testing Sprinklers:
Standard response sprinklers tested or replaced at 50 years and 10 years thereafter
Fast-response sprinklers tested or replaced at 20 years and 10 years thereafter
Dry sprinklers tested or replaced at 10 years and 10 years thereafter
Sprinklers exposed to harsh environment tested at 5 year intervals
Sprinkler Testing:Sprinkler Testing:
Test includes 4 sprinklers or 1 percent of sample area whichever is greater
If one sprinkler fails then all sprinklers in sample are must be replaced
Spare Sprinklers:Spare Sprinklers:
Sprinklers must be kept in a cabinet and Sprinklers must be kept in a cabinet and correspond to the types and temperature correspond to the types and temperature
ratings on the ratings on the property.property.
No fewer than 6 spare sprinklers No fewer than 6 spare sprinklers 300 to 1000 sprinklers require a minimum of 12 300 to 1000 sprinklers require a minimum of 12
spare sprinklersspare sprinklers
More than 1000 require a More than 1000 require a
minimum minimum of 24of 24
Standpipe Flow Testing:Standpipe Flow Testing:
For automatic standpipes at 5 year intervals Conducted at most remote hose connections
for each zone
Tested to the flow and pressure requirements in effect at the time of installation
Main drain test must be conducted for automatic standpipes in accordance with chapter 13
Standpipe Hydrostatic Testing:Standpipe Hydrostatic Testing:
For manual and semi-automatic dry standpipe systems at 5 year intervals
200 psi or 50 psi in excess of maximum pressure which ever is greater
Includes FDC piping Inside piping shall not leak
Fire Pumps:Fire Pumps:
Weekly Inspections & Run Testing:Weekly Inspections & Run Testing:
Pump Room Conditions:Pump Room Conditions:
Normal Conditions for Pump Operation Lighting Heat Ventilation Abnormal vibrations or noises Normal Starting Pressures Someone must be in the room when pump
Annual Fire Pump Testing:Annual Fire Pump Testing:
Simulates original acceptance test Flowing water/circulating water
Flowing water every third year Testing transfer switch &
alternate power sources
Internal Obstruction Investigation:Internal Obstruction Investigation:
Five Year Internal Inspections:Five Year Internal Inspections:
Inspection Conducted at specified intervals
Covers two points in the system (end of one main and sprinkler on one branch line)
Examination Conducted when certain conditions exist
Covers four points in the system (valve, riser, cross main, branch line)
In buildings having multiple wet systems, every other system shall have an internal inspection of piping every five years as described in 14.2.1.
Florida Specific Requirements:Florida Specific Requirements:
NICET Level II Inspector for Water-based systems
Some inspections may be performed by in-house persons
Quarterly/Semi-annual/Annual Inspections for Fire Alarms; Fire Extinguishers
Q & AQ & A