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  • 9/15/2013

    1

    2828thth Annual AHCA/FHEA SEMINARAnnual AHCA/FHEA SEMINAR

    1

    Sprinkler Sprinkler SystemSystem

    Inspection, Inspection,

    Testing & Testing &

    MaintenanceMaintenance

    Speaker Information:Speaker Information:

    Bob Caputo, CFPS, Bob Caputo, CFPS, CETCETVice PresidentVice President

    Fire & Life Safety AmericaFire & Life Safety America657 Cantara Lane Vista, CA 92081bcaputo@cox.net (760) 908-7753

    Member: NFPA 13 Committees (Installation; Discharge; Hangers & BracesMember: NFPA 25, 3 / 4 CommitteesChair: NFPA 16 CommitteeNFPA/AFSA/NFSA Senior InstructorReally Nice Guy

    SCOPE:SCOPE:

    Systems covered include sprinkler, standpipe and hose, fixed-water spray, private fire

    hydrants, water mist, and foam-water.

    Water supplies are also covered including private fire service mains, fire pumps, and

    water storage tanks.

    Valves that control system flow are also included

  • 9/15/2013

    2

    SCOPE:SCOPE:

    All inspections, tests, and maintenance must be coordinated with NPFA 72, National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code.

    SCOPE:SCOPE:

    1.1.3 This standard addresses the operating condition of fire protection systems . . .

    1.1.3.1 This standard does not require the inspector to verify the adequacy of the design of the system.

    1.2.1 Provides a REASONBLE degree of safety

    Important Definitions:Important Definitions:

    3.3.4 Deficiency. . . A condition in which a system or portion of a system is damaged, inoperable, or in need of service . . .

    3.3.4.1 Critical Deficiency. A deficiency that . . . canhave an effect on the performance of the system.

    3.3.4.2 Noncritical Deficiency. A deficiency that doesnot have an effect on the performance of the fire protection system . . .

  • 9/15/2013

    3

    Chapter 4 Chapter 4 The Owners ChapterThe Owners Chapter

    The standard is written to the property owner The owner is responsible for all inspection,

    testing, and maintenance procedures

    The owner may delegate the authority for the inspection, testing, and maintenance of the

    fire protection systems.

    The designated representative must comply with all requirements identified for the owner.

    Competent Competent Personnel & Personnel &

    Alternate ProgramsAlternate Programs

    8

    Owners Responsibilities: Owners Responsibilities:

    Provide Access Record Keeping

    Changes in Use or Occupancies Make Repairs in a Timely

    Manner

    Manage Impairments

  • 9/15/2013

    4

    PrePre--Planned Impairments:Planned Impairments:

    Where an impairment is to last for more than

    10 hours in a 24 hour period one of the

    following must be done:

    Evacuation of the affected area

    Fire Watch

    Temporary water supply

    Implement an approved fire control program

    Chapters 5 Chapters 5 -- 1313

    Chapter 5 Sprinkler Systems Chapter 6 Standpipe Systems Chapter 7 Private Fire Service Mains Chapter 8 Fire Pumps Chapter 9 Water Storage Tanks Chapters 10 & 11 Foam/Foam & Water Chapter 12 Water Mist Systems Chapter 13 - Valves

    Typical Chapter Overview:Typical Chapter Overview:

    Summary Tables Interpreting Text

    Repair Replacement Tables

  • 9/15/2013

    5

    Component Replacement Activity:Component Replacement Activity:

    Table 5.5.1

    Sprinklers, Pipe & Fitting, Hangers & Sprinklers, Pipe & Fitting, Hangers &

    Braces Braces -- Inspected from the FloorInspected from the Floor

    Leakage Corrosion

    Paint Loading

    Orientation Empty bulbs Clearance below sprinkler (such as storage)

    Sprinklers Shall Be Replaced When:Sprinklers Shall Be Replaced When:

    LeakingLeaking CorrodedCorroded

    PaintedPainted LoadedLoaded

    In wrong orientationIn wrong orientation Have an empty bulbHave an empty bulb

  • 9/15/2013

    6

    Testing Sprinklers:Testing Sprinklers:

    Standard response sprinklers tested or replaced at 50 years and 10 years thereafter

    Fast-response sprinklers tested or replaced at 20 years and 10 years thereafter

    Dry sprinklers tested or replaced at 10 years and 10 years thereafter

    Sprinklers exposed to harsh environment tested at 5 year intervals

    Sprinkler Testing:Sprinkler Testing:

    Test includes 4 sprinklers or 1 percent of sample area whichever is greater

    If one sprinkler fails then all sprinklers in sample are must be replaced

    Spare Sprinklers:Spare Sprinklers:

    Sprinklers must be kept in a cabinet and Sprinklers must be kept in a cabinet and correspond to the types and temperature correspond to the types and temperature

    ratings on the ratings on the property.property.

    No fewer than 6 spare sprinklers No fewer than 6 spare sprinklers 300 to 1000 sprinklers require a minimum of 12 300 to 1000 sprinklers require a minimum of 12

    spare sprinklersspare sprinklers

    More than 1000 require a More than 1000 require a

    minimum minimum of 24of 24

  • 9/15/2013

    7

    Standpipe Flow Testing:Standpipe Flow Testing:

    For automatic standpipes at 5 year intervals Conducted at most remote hose connections

    for each zone

    Tested to the flow and pressure requirements in effect at the time of installation

    Main drain test must be conducted for automatic standpipes in accordance with chapter 13

    Standpipe Hydrostatic Testing:Standpipe Hydrostatic Testing:

    For manual and semi-automatic dry standpipe systems at 5 year intervals

    200 psi or 50 psi in excess of maximum pressure which ever is greater

    Includes FDC piping Inside piping shall not leak

    Fire Pumps:Fire Pumps:

  • 9/15/2013

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    Weekly Inspections & Run Testing:Weekly Inspections & Run Testing:

    Pump Room Conditions:Pump Room Conditions:

    Normal Conditions for Pump Operation Lighting Heat Ventilation Abnormal vibrations or noises Normal Starting Pressures Someone must be in the room when pump

    runs

    Annual Fire Pump Testing:Annual Fire Pump Testing:

    Simulates original acceptance test Flowing water/circulating water

    Flowing water every third year Testing transfer switch &

    alternate power sources

  • 9/15/2013

    9

    Internal Obstruction Investigation:Internal Obstruction Investigation:

    Five Year Internal Inspections:Five Year Internal Inspections:

    Inspection Conducted at specified intervals

    Covers two points in the system (end of one main and sprinkler on one branch line)

    Examination Conducted when certain conditions exist

    Covers four points in the system (valve, riser, cross main, branch line)

    In buildings having multiple wet systems, every other system shall have an internal inspection of piping every five years as described in 14.2.1.

    Florida Specific Requirements:Florida Specific Requirements:

    NICET Level II Inspector for Water-based systems

    Some inspections may be performed by in-house persons

    Quarterly/Semi-annual/Annual Inspections for Fire Alarms; Fire Extinguishers

  • 9/15/2013

    10

    ConclusionsConclusions

    Q & AQ & A

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