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DESCRIPTIONSoviet CensoRSHIP. The Editing of History. And Parallels with Animal Farm. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Editing of HistorySoviet CensoRSHIP
And Parallels with Animal FarmThe original picture, left to rightNikolai Antipov,Joseph Stalin,Sergei Kirov, andNikolai Shvernik. Picture shows how after time each of the Stalin's comrades from the original shot was removed as they fell out of favor
Voroshilov, Molotov, Stalin, with Nikolai Yezhov at the shore of the Moskwa-Wolga-Channel
Uhhh Whered he go???
Yezhov, head of the NKVD during the purges, was arrested, tortured and confessed to anti soviet plots. He was executed in 1940 and also vanished from Soviet history.Lenin addressing the troops in 1920 with Trotsky and Kamenev
And then.poofthey were gone
Where did they go?Celebrating the 2nd anniversary of the Revolution
Trotsky is no more
During the 1917 Revolt soldiers cheer in the streets
In the background is a store that used to say in Russian, "Watches, gold and silver." The has now been altered to read, "Struggle for your rights." Also a flag that before was a solid color now reads, "Down with the monarchy - long live the Republic!"
The letter constitutes a critique of the Soviet government as it then stood, warning of dangers he anticipated and making suggestions for the future. Some of those suggestions include increasing the size of the Party's Central Committee, giving the State Planning Committee legislative powers and changing the nationalities policy which had been implemented by Stalin.
The criticism of Stalin and Trotsky:
Comrade Stalin, having become Secretary-General, has unlimited authority concentrated in his hands, and I am not sure whether he will always be capable of using that authority with sufficient caution. Comrade Trotsky, on the other hand, as his struggle against the C.C. on the question of the People's Commissariat of Communications has already proved, is distinguished not only by outstanding ability. He is personally perhaps the most capable man in the present C.C., but he has displayed excessive self-assurance and shown excessive preoccupation with the purely administrative side of the work.
These two qualities of the two outstanding leaders of the present C.C. can inadvertently lead to a split, and if our Party does not take steps to avert this, the split may come unexpectedly
Lenin felt that Stalin had more power than he could handle and might be dangerous if allowed to succeed him. In a postscript written a few weeks later, Lenin recommended Stalin's removal from the position of General Secretary of the Party:
Stalin is too coarse and this defect, although quite tolerable in our midst and in dealing among us Communists, becomes intolerable in a Secretary-General. That is why I suggest that the comrades think about a way of removing Stalin from that post and appointing another man in his stead who in all other respects differs from Comrade Stalin in having only one advantage, namely, that of being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite and more considerate to the comrades, less capricious, etc. This circumstance may appear to be a negligible detail. But I think that from the standpoint of safeguards against a split and from the standpoint of what I wrote above about the relationship between Stalin and Trotsky it is not a [minor] detail, but it is a detail which can assume decisive importance.Lenins Last TestamentLenins Last Testament
The Seven Commandments
Did it always say that???