south sudan review_beijing20

Download South sudan review_beijing20

Post on 20-Jun-2015

205 views

Category:

Documents

4 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. Page 1 of 44NATIONAL EVALUATION REPORTONTHE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BEIJING DECLARATIONAND PLATFORM FOR ACTION (1995)ANDTHE OUTCOME OF THE 23RD SPECIAL SESSION OFTHE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY (2000).SOUTH SUDAN APRIL 2014

2. Page 2 of 44TABLE OF CONTENTSList of Abbreviations and Acronyms: ...................................................................................................... 4MAP OF SOUTH SUDAN SHOWING STATE AND COUNTY OVERVIEW ..................................................... 5SUMMARY BACKGROUND ON SOUTH SUDAN ..................................................................................................... 61.0 INTRODUCTION:....................................................................................................................................... 8Historical Background. ................................................................................................................................................... 8The 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action..................................................................................... 9Purpose of this Report ................................................................................................................................................. 10Methodology: ................................................................................................................................................................... 102. O. VERVIEW OF THE ACHIEVMENTS AND CHALLENGES IN PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT. ................................................................................................... 102.1. Achievements: ........................................................................................................................................................ 102.2Challenges: ................................................................................................................................................................. 123.0 PROGRESS MADE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CRITICAL AREAS OF CONCERN TO THE BEIJING PLATFORM FOR ACTION (1995) AND THE FURTHER INITIATIVES AND ACTIONS IDENTIFIED IN THE TWENTY-THIRD SPECIAL SESSION OF THE UN BENERAL ASSEMBLY. ...................................................................................................................................................................... 143.1. WOMEN AND POVERTY: .................................................................................................................................... 153.2. WOMEN EDUCATION AND TRAINING: ........................................................................................................ 163.3. WOMEN AND ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT: ............................................................................................ 183.4. WOMEN AND DECISION MAKING: ................................................................................................................. 193.5. WOMEN AND ARMED CONFLICT: .................................................................................................................. 213.6. WOMEN AND FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ....................................................................................................... 223.7. WOMEN AND ENVIRONMENT: ....................................................................................................................... 233.8. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: ......................................................................................................................... 243.9. WOMEN AND HEALTH: ...................................................................................................................................... 263.10. THE GIRL CHILD ................................................................................................................................................. 273.11. WOMEN AND MEDIA: ....................................................................................................................................... 303.12. INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM FOR ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN. ............................................... 31INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND MEASURES ADOPTED TOPROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: .................................................................................................. 324.0 MEASURES ADOPTED TO PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: 355.0. KEY CHALLENGES REMAINING AND PLANS FOR FUTURE ACTIONS: ........................................... 366.0 NEW COMMITMENTS/KEY PRIORITY FOR ACTION: ............................................................................. 377.0. OPPORTUNITIES: .................................................................................................................................................. 38 3. Page 3 of 44Annex 1. Key statistics: ............................................................................................................................................ 39Annex: 3. Road Map for the Compilation of the National Comprehensive Review Report on the Implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action ....................................................... 42KEY REFERENCE DOCUMENTS: ............................................................................................................................ 44 4. Page 4 of 44LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS:CPAComprehensive Peace AgreementJAMJoint assessment MissionSPLMSudan Peoples Liberation MovementSPLASudan Peoples Liberation ArmyNCPNational Congress PartyCEDAWConvention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women.AUAfrican UnionIGADInter-Governmental Authority on DevelopmentNGPNational Gender PolicyMoGCSWMinistry of Gender, child and social WelfareSSDPSouth Sudan Development PlanMDGMillennium Development GoalDDRDemobilization, disarmament and re-integrationSSNPSSouth Sudan National Police ServiceSGBVSexual Gender Base violentNBSNational Bureau of StatisticsSSTEPSouth Sudan Teachers Education ProgramNERNet enrolment rateGERGeneral Enrolment RateWFPWorld Food ProgramVSLAVoluntary Saving and Loan AssociationsCSSACCommunity Security and Small Arms Arm ControlBCSSACBureau of Community Security and Small Arms ControlPWDsPersons with Disability.1325 NAPNational Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSCR 1325EVEEmpowering Village Education 5. Page 5 of 44MAP OF SOUTH SUDAN SHOWING STATE OVERVIEW 6. Page 6 of 44SUMMARY BACKGROUND ON SOUTH SUDANTABLE 1: GEOGRAPHY Area Coverage 644,329 sq. km Climate (953.7 mm) Rainfalls, Average High temp of 94.1F (34.5C) Low of 70.9F (21.6C) Terrain South Sudan is bordered by Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, DRC, Sudan and CAR Natural Resources Oil, gold, Cement, Iron, Copper, Uranium, Timber, River among others.TABLE 2: DEMOGRAPHY Total Population 8.26 million (2008 Census). 3.9 million, 48% of the Population are Women (SSCCE, 2011). Population Growth Rate 4.3% Current Population Projection 10.84 million (2012)World Bank % urban population 17% % Rural Population 83% Life Expectancy 54.05 years (Women 55.09 years and for men 53.05 years.) Tribe 64 Ethnic Groups 200 Ethnic Groups ReligionsChristianity, Islam African and Traditional ReligionTable 3: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS Human Development Index 0.379 7. Page 7 of 44Poverty Rate 50.6% State Budget 2012-2013 was SSP 9bn ($3bn) HIV prevalence rate 3% Gender Based Violence Incidence 40% Under 5 mortality 105 (per 1,000 live births) Maternal mortality ratio 2,054 per 100,000 births Total fertility rate 3.85 Births Per woman Access to safe drinking water 55% Access to sanitation 13.8% Literacy rate 27% for people above 15years Gross Enrolment rate 54.5% for girls; 81.4 for boys (2010)Source: South Sudan statistical Year Book (2011). Table 4: WOMEN IN POLITICS AND DECISION MAKING REPRESENTATION % Women National Legislative Assembly 29%. (With 95 in number) % Women in the National Cabinet 10% (5 in number) % Women State Parliament 25 % (with 120 in number) % Women as Undersecretary 12% (with four 4 in number) The Presidency 1 female Advisor out seven Presidential Advisors 8. Page 8 of 441.0 INTRODUCTION:South Sudan is a land locked country with a total area coverage of 644.329 sq. km and is neighboring Sudan from the north, Ethiopia from the East, Kenya and Uganda from the South, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from the south East and Central African Republic (CAR) from the west. The Country has a total population of 8.26 million (2008 Sudan Population Census)1 and with a current projection of 10.84 million people (2012 World Bank Projection)2The country is comprised of ten states, namely Eastern Equatoria, Western Equatoria, Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr El Ghazel, Western Bahr El Ghazel, Unity and Upper Nile.South Sudan is largely plains, marked by hilly regions and thick vegetation. The Nile is one of the major natural features of South Sudan. It traverses the entire country and flows through some of its major towns including Juba, the capital city. The Nile facilitates trade, administration and urbanization in most of the rural areas.South Sudan holds other natural resources including oil, gold, and iron ore, copper among others. The country is very fertile for agriculture and main crops includes-sorghum, millet, Ground Nuts, Simsim, rice cassava etc. The country also provides attractive site for one of the world largest animal migration each year.Historical Background.The South Sudan two decades of civil wars (1955-1972) and (1983-2005) left the country devastated with ruined infrastructure, population displaced internally and externally as refuges in neighboring countries and beyond. This resulted into underdevelopment across all sectors; as in many other post conflicts situations, women and children have borne the brunt of these wars. During the struggle with a large number of men killed or absent for a