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  • Soil Summary 2016-2017Soil Nutrient Status

    This years annual soil summary uses soil samples submitted between June 2016 and May 2017, with data summarised according to the crop categories and optimum nutrient levels specified in the 8th Edition of the RB209. The focus of this years soil summary is soil sampling and contained within the document we have provided tips and information to aid the sampling process.

    Arable andForage Soils

    Grassland Vegetable andBulb Soils

    Fruit, Vines andHops Soils

    Phosphorus Phosphorus Phosphorus Phosphorus

    32% of soils at target value 31% of soils at target value 38% of soils at target value 17% of soils at target value

    46%

    22%

    32%38%

    31%

    31% 27%

    35%

    38%

    71% 12%

    17%

    Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium Magnesium

    40% of soils at target value 34% of soils at target value 50% of soils at target value 31% of soils at target value > Index 2 < Index 2

    Index 2 > Index 2 < Index 2

    Index 2 > Index 2 < Index 2

    Index 2 > Index 2 < Index 2

    Index 2

    34%

    26%

    40%

    58%8%

    34%

    19%

    19%

    50%63%

    6%

    31%

    Potassium Potassium Potassium Potassium

    33% of soils at target value 25% of soils at target value 16% of soils at target value 43% of soils at target value

    31%

    36%

    33% 27%

    48%

    25% 18%

    66%

    16%

    41%

    16%

    43%

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2-

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2-

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2+

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2

    > Index 3 < Index 3 Index 3

    > Index 2 < Index 2 Index 2

  • Top Tips for Sampling SoilBefore taking the sample Soil analysis on each field should be carried out at least every 3-5 years

    It is advised not to sample an area larger than four hectares

    Ideally sample post-harvest September to February depending on timing of fertiliser application

    Fruit, Vines and Hops fields ideally to be sampled in Spring and before ploughing so lime/ fertiliser can be applied and ploughed down

    Leave at least 4-6 months after fertiliser and lime* applications before taking a soil sample or six weeks for organic manures.

    The Sampling Procedure

    1. Where to sample In order to obtain a representative sample, areas known to differ in soil type and history (i.e. crop performance) should

    be sampled separately.

    The sample should be made up of between 20-25 cores taken from sampling points forming a W or M pattern across the area.

    Avoid taking samples where muck heaps or feeders have been, headlands, or in the surrounding areas of unusual features, trees and hedges (please refer to diagram below).

    2. How deep to sampleThe sampling depth varies depending on the use of the field and cultivation.

    Key

    X - Sub-sample points - Areas to avoid sampling

    Areas A + B should be sampled separately to obtain a representative sample if soil type or history is known to differ.

    A

    B

    XX

    XX

    XX

    XX

    X

    X XX X

    XXXXXX X

    XX

    XX

    X

    XX

    XX

    XX

    XX

    XX

    XX

    XX X X X X X

    XX

    X

    XX

    XArea of

    supplementary feeding

    GateGateway

    Field headlands

    Trou

    gh

    Grassland

    Arable / Ploughed

    Min-Till /No-Till

    Fields intended for planting fruit, hops or vines

    (2 Samples)

    *Some guidance recommends to avoid sampling within 2 years of lime application.

  • Natural Resource ManagementA division of Cawood Scientific Ltd

    Send to: Natural Resource Management, Coopers Bridge, Braziers Lane, Bracknell, Berkshire RG42 6NSA division of Cawood Scientific Ltd

    Standard Soil Analysis RequestFIELD NAME OR O.S.No.

    SOILTYPE

    FIELDSIZE(H/A)

    CROP CODEPRESENT FUTURE

    STRAWREMY/N

    *** Package Codes / Quote Reference /

    Addtional Trace Elements

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6Client Details

    Name

    Address

    Post Code

    Merchant

    Local Rep.

    Phone No.

    LIME RECOMMENDATION YES / NO *

    FYMY/N

    REPORT NUMBER

    LABORATORYREFERENCE

    BATCH NUMBER

    COMP

    LETE F

    OR LIM

    E AND

    FERT

    ILISER

    RECO

    MMEN

    DATIO

    NS

    *** Please use the above column to specify against each sample where any additional analysis is required:

    a) Package Codes (e.g. A003)b) Quote References (e.g. Q12345)c) Individual Trace Elements (e.g. Cu, B)

    ANALYSED BY COURTESY OFNRMCOOPERS BRIDGEBRAZIERS LANEBRACKNELLBERKSHIRE RG42 6NS

    U 49

    Arable & ForageWinter Wheat WWWinter Barley WBSpring Barley SBAWinter Oats WOSpring Oats SOCereals CESugar Beet SBTOilseed Rape ORPotatoes Main PMSpring Wheat SWForage Swedes SDForage Rape FRFodder Beet FBForage Maize MZSpring Linseed LIMalting Barley MBTriticale TRRye RYWinter OS Rape WOSRSpring OS Rape SOSRForage Turnips FTU

    Please complete crop code details on request form, to ensure accurate fertiliser and lime recommendations.

    Peas (D and V) PEDForage Rye FRYForage Triticale FTRRye Grass 4 Seed RGS

    Vegetables & BulbsMarket Peas PEField Beans BEKale KAStubble Turnips STMangels MABrussel Sprouts BRCabbage CBCauliflowers CFMaincrop carrots CAOnions ONBulbs BUBeetroot RBCalabrese CLCelery CYCourgettes CORadish RA

    Leeks LKParsnips PNMaincrop Turnips TULettuce LETCulinary Swede CSAsparagus Established ASPAsparagus Subsequent ASSBroad Beans BBDwarf Beans DBRunner Beans RUNBSweetcorn SWC

    Fruit, Vines & HopsTop Fruit TFEstablished Hops HOStrawberries STRRaspberries RBYVines Est VIBlackcurrants BCRedcurrants RCGoosberries GBLoganberries LB

    Tayberries TBBlackberries BBYHops Preplanting HPFruit Preplantng FPVines Preplantng VPCherries CHYPlums PLMPears PRSApples APLBlueberries BLB

    GrassPerm Pasture PPGrazing GZHay HASilage SIGrass Reseed RSHorse Pasture GZHSilage 1st Cut SI1Silage 2nd Cut SI2Silage 3rd Cut SI3Silage 4th Cut SI4

    Box number shouldcorrespond to numberon the soil box

    Field name or O.S. number

    Soil type code1. Light sand etc2. Medium loams3. Heavy clay4. Organic high OM content5. Peaty soils

    Client/farmers detailsplease complete in full

    NRM client code

    Present and past crop code

    Straw removed yes/no

    FYM added yes/no

    Filling out the soil sample request form

    3. Make sure you have the correct tools: Suitable soil auger for your sampling depth Bucket for collecting and mixing soil cores

    Sample boxes or bags Analysis request forms

    4. Preparing your sample A core is taken at each sampling point using

    an appropriate auger and mixed together in a clean container to form a representative sample

    Remove all roots, plant material or accumulated surface organic matter in the sample please see images before and after plant material has been removed

    Approximately 300g should be placed in packaging provided by NRM (either box or medium grip-seal bag filled to top of middle line)

    6. Sample labelling Sample packaging must be clearly labelled and sealed

    Paperwork (provided by NRM) must accompany the samples. Please see details of how to complete the form

    5. Avoid cross contamination Clean your soil auger and bucket between

    sampling areas

    Soil Nutrient Status - Soil Summary 2016-2017

  • Trends in pH, P, K, & Mg 1994 2017:Trend in mean soil pH

    5.00

    5.50

    6.00

    6.50

    7.00

    7.50

    94/9

    5

    95/9

    6

    96/9

    7

    97/9

    8

    98/9

    9

    99/0

    0

    00/0

    1

    01/0

    2

    02/0

    3

    03/0

    4

    04/0

    5

    05/0

    6

    06/0

    7

    07/0

    8

    08/0

    9

    09/1

    0

    10/1

    1

    11/1

    2

    12/1

    3

    13/1

    4

    14/1

    5

    15/1

    6

    16/1

    7

    pH

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

    Soil

    P (m

    g/l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200

    Soil

    K (m

    g/l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140

    160

    180

    Soil

    Mg

    (mg/

    l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    Year

    5.00

    5.50

    6.00

    6.50

    7.00

    7.50

    94/9

    5

    95/9

    6

    96/9

    7

    97/9

    8

    98/9

    9

    99/0

    0

    00/0

    1

    01/0

    2

    02/0

    3

    03/0

    4

    04/0

    5

    05/0

    6

    06/0

    7

    07/0

    8

    08/0

    9

    09/1

    0

    10/1

    1

    11/1

    2

    12/1

    3

    13/1

    4

    14/1

    5

    15/1

    6

    16/1

    7

    pH

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35

    Soil

    P (m

    g/l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200

    Soil

    K (m

    g/l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    60

    80

    100

    120

    140

    160

    180

    Soil

    Mg

    (mg/

    l)

    Arable samples

    Grass samples

    Trend in mean soil P

    Year

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