Socio economic impacts of natural disasters

Download Socio economic impacts of natural disasters

Post on 08-Jun-2015

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This provides an understanding into the socio-economic impacts of a natural disaster.

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  • 1. SOCIO-ECONOMICIMPACTS OF NATURALDISASTERStoolbox

2. What we will be studying today? What is an LEDC? What is an MEDC? Howare they different? Gross Domestic/National Product ie Wealth ofa country Human development Index What impact does this have on disasterrecovery? Impact of Charitable/Aid organisations inLEDCs v MEDCs Impact on economy 3. MEDC and LEDC LEDC = Less Economically Developed Country Often a third world country Haiti, India, Pakistan, Thailand Over population (lots of people) Poor economy Little or no access to education. Little or no access to medical facilities Widespread malnutrition and disease High infant mortality rates (babies dont live long) Low life expectancy (people dont live a long time) Contaminated water Unstable Government ie, civil war, no democratic rights 4. MEDC and LEDC MEDC= More economically developed country Usually first world country (Australia, America, Canada,Russia, Europe) Access to food, shelter, water. (basic needs) Access to anywants (technology, computers, cars, phones etc) Access to Primary, Secondary and Higher Education Access to government and private medical facilities Stable economy, Stable government Govt provide Welfare No wars No over population Low birth rates (fewer babies being born), low death rates(live longer) 5. Disasters in MEDC and LEDCTsunamis BushfiresMEDC: JapanMEDC: Australia (blackLEDC: Boxing day tsunamisSaturday) LEDC: GreeceFloods VolcanoesMEDC: Queensland, Victoria MEDC: Etna (Italy), Hawaii,LEDC: Bangladesh, Pakistan Iceland LEDC: Indonesia, PNG, SouthEarthquakesEast AsiaMEDC: Christchurch, Japan,LA Cyclones/hurricanesLEDC: Haiti, China 2008MEDC: Katrina, Yasi, Larry, Tracey LEDC: Central America 6. What is GDP/GNP GDP is Gross domestic product. Fora region, the GDP is "the marketvalue of all the goods and servicesproduced by an economy in year.Minus money going out of the countryfrom investors.The Gross National Product (GNP) isthe value of all the goods and servicesproduced in an economy, plus thevalue of the goods and servicesimported (brought in), less the goodsand services exported (sent out).This determines how wealthya country is. If a country iswealthy then the impact of adisaster will be less and if theyare poor than the impact willbe far more. 7. Human Development Index The Human Development list takes intoaccount the more than just the countriesGDP/GNP. It takes into account factors likeeducation, government, poverty, access tofood, medical supplies etc. Currently sitting at no.1 is Norway and no.2Australia Sitting last is Zimbabwe. This is because theyhave poverty, overpopulation, unstablegovernment, war etc. 8. Impacts of Disaster Deaths InjuriesEconomy recovery Destruction of houses Loss of income Damaged buildings Disease spreadlike: schools, hospitals,aged care, universities,Government has toshops, skyscrapers, rebuildhotels, fire stations,police stations Government has to Roads are cracked supply money to people Water, sewage and Other areas of thestorm pipes aredamaged economy suffer Electricity and Businesses cannot runReception poles/cablesare damaged 9. Lets look at your disaster! The wealth and development of a countryaffects the impact of a disaster. In a LEDC it is worse because they dont havethe ability to respond quick enough to thedevastation. In an MEDC response time is quick, as theyhave the money and support (fire brigade,police, ambulance, doctors) to do so. On your graphic organiser brainstorm theeconomic impacts of your chosen disaster onan LEDC and MEDC 10. Types of Charities: UN United Nations Office for thecoordination of HumanitarianAffairs (OCHA). Food, shelter, water,temporary housing, medicalsupplies and materials torebuild buildings and houses. World Food Programme 11. Red Cross Red Cross Australia: Provide aid in disasters Clothes, food, shelter,money, ongoingsupport for families,counselling, medicalsupplies. 12. Salvation Army The Salvation Army provides food, shelter,relief and counselling to victims of naturaldisasters. They are usually one of the first organisationson the scene. 13. World Vision World Vision provide food, shelter, water andimmediate medical aid to victims. They help rebuild houses, towns and buildings Provide economic assistance 14. A letter, first hand account andsome photos from my Aunt fromPakistan. In July 2010 Pakistan experienced horriblefloods. This natural disaster occurred in anLECD with the recovery process still ongoingtoday. Here are some first hand accounts andphotos of the destruction. 15. HOMEWORK Using the information you have gained aboutcharitable organisations and the letter from myaunt. Create an action plan to help victims ofyour chosen natural disaster.

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