sni03 2847 2002tatacaraperencanaanstrukturbetonuntukbangunangedung 131110110144 phpapp01

Download Sni03 2847 2002tatacaraperencanaanstrukturbetonuntukbangunangedung 131110110144 Phpapp01

Post on 19-Jan-2016

70 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

SNI Beton

TRANSCRIPT

  • SNI 03 2847 - 2002

    STANDAR NASIONAL INDONESIA

    Tata Cara Perhitungan Struktur Beton Untuk Bangunan Gedung

    (Beta Version)

    Bandung, Desember 2002

    SNI

  • SNI 03 - 2847 - 2002

    i

    Tata cara perencanaan struktur beton untuk bangunan gedung

    Daftar isi ....................................................................................................... i Daftar tabel.................................................................................................... xi Daftar gambar ............................................................................................... xii Prakata........................................................................................................... xiv 1 Ruang lingkup................................................................................. 1 2 Acuan normatif ............................................................................... 1 3 Istilah dan definisi .......................................................................... 4 4 Persyaratan-persyaratan ............................................................... 13 4.1 Perencanaan struktur................................................................................ 13

    4.2 Penanggung jawab perhitungan .............................................................. 13

    5 Bahan .............................................................................................. 14 5.1 Pengujian bahan ....................................................................................... 14

    5.2 Semen....................................................................................................... 14

    5.3 Agregat ..................................................................................................... 14

    5.4 Air.............................................................................................................. 15

    5.5 Baja tulangan ............................................................................................ 15

    5.6 Bahan tambahan....................................................................................... 18

    5.7 Penyimpanan bahan-bahan...................................................................... 19

    6 Persyaratan keawetan beton ......................................................... 20 6.1 Rasio semen-air ........................................................................................ 20

    6.2 Pengaruh lingkungan ................................................................................ 20

    6.3 Pengaruh lingkungan yang mengandung sulfat........................................ 20

    6.4 Perlindungan tulangan terhadap korosi .................................................... 21

  • SNI 03 - 2847 - 2002

    ii

    7 Kualitas, pencampuran, dan pengecoran.................................... 22 7.1 Umum ....................................................................................................... 22

    7.2 Pemilihan proporsi campuran beton ......................................................... 22

    7.3 Perancangan proporsi campuran berdasarkan pengalaman lapangan

    dan/atau hasil campuran uji ...................................................................... 23

    7.4 Perancangan campuran tanpa berdasarkan data lapangan atau

    campuran percobaan ................................................................................ 27

    7.5 Reduksi kuat rata-rata............................................................................... 27

    7.6 Evaluasi dan penerimaan beton ............................................................... 27

    7.7 Persiapan peralatan dan tempat penyimpanan ........................................ 30

    7.8 Pencampuran............................................................................................ 30

    7.9 Pengantaran ............................................................................................. 31

    7.10 Pengecoran............................................................................................... 31

    7.11 Perawatan beton....................................................................................... 32

    7.12 Persyaratan cuaca panas ......................................................................... 32

    8 Cetakan, pipa tertanam, dan siar pelaksanaan ........................... 33 8.1 Perencanaan cetakan ............................................................................... 33

    8.2 Pembongkaran cetakan dan penopang serta penopangan kembali......... 33

    8.3 Saluran dan pipa yang ditanam dalam beton ........................................... 34

    8.4 Siar pelaksanaan ..................................................................................... 36

    9 Detail penulangan........................................................................... 37 9.1 Kait standar............................................................................................... 37

    9.2 Diameter bengkokan minimum ................................................................. 37

    9.3 Cara pembengkokan ................................................................................ 38

    9.4 Kondisi permukaan baja tulangan............................................................. 38

    9.5 Penempatan tulangan............................................................................... 38

    9.6 Batasan spasi tulangan ............................................................................ 39

    9.7 Pelindung beton untuk tulangan ............................................................. 40

  • SNI 03 - 2847 - 2002

    iii

    9.8 Detail tulangan khusus untuk kolom ......................................................... 44

    9.9 Sambungan .............................................................................................. 45

    9.10 Tulangan lateral pada komponen struktur tekan....................................... 45

    9.11 Penulangan lateral untuk komponen struktur lentur ................................. 48

    9.12 Tulangan susut dan suhu.......................................................................... 48

    9.13 Tulangan khusus untuk integritas struktur ................................................ 49

    10 Analisis dan perencanaan ............................................................ 51 10.1 Perencanaan............................................................................................. 51

    10.2 Pembebanan............................................................................................. 51

    10.3 Metode analisis ........................................................................................ 51

    10.4 Redistribusi momen negatif pada balok lentur non-prategang menerus .. 53

    10.5 Modulus elastisitas.................................................................................... 54

    10.6 Kekakuan ................................................................................................. 54

    10.7 Panjang bentang....................................................................................... 54

    10.8 Kolom........................................................................................................ 55

    10.9 Pengaturan beban hidup........................................................................... 56

    10.10 Konstruksi balok-T .................................................................................... 56

    10.11 Konstruksi pelat rusuk............................................................................... 57

    10.12 Penutup lantai yang terpisah .................................................................... 58

    11 Ketentuan mengenai kekuatan dan kemampuan layan.............. 59 11.1 Umum ....................................................................................................... 59

    11.2 Kuat perlu.................................................................................................. 59

    11.3 Kuat rencana............................................................................................. 61

    11.4 Kuat rencana tulangan ............................................................................. 62

    11.5 Kontrol terhadap lendutan......................................................................... 62

    12 Beban lentur dan aksial ................................................................. 69 12.1 Umum ....................................................................................................... 69

    12.2 Asumsi dalam perencanaan ..................................................................... 69

  • SNI 03 - 2847 - 2002

    iv

    12.3 Prinsip perencanaan ................................................................................ 70

    12.4 Jarak antara pendukung lateral untuk komponen struktur lentur .............. 71

    12.5 Tulangan minimum pada komponen struktur lentur.................................. 71

    12.6 Distribusi tulangan lentur pada balok dan pelat satu arah ........................ 72

    12.7 Komponen struktur lentur tinggi ................................................................ 74

    12.8 Dimensi rencana untuk komponen struktur tekan..................................... 75

    12.9 Pembatasan untuk tulangan komponen struktur tekan............................. 75

    12.10 Pengaruh kelangsingan pada komponen struktur tekan........................... 76