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SMART TECHNOLOGY ENABLING MARKETS IN NORTH AMERICA
APEx 2015 Panel Session 5
PSC - Specialist Consultants to the Electricity Industry
Global engineering consulting for transmission, distribution, generation, markets, and system operators
150 staff located in North America, New Zealand, Australia, Asia, and Europe
In North America, PSC is working with the following RTOs and ISOs: AESO Alberta ERCOT Texas ISO New England PJM Southwest Power Pool
Market systems Market design and implementation Clearing engine sup port
specialists Trading & bidding applications Software development Certification & testing
Substations Transmission lines Primary system design Secondary system design System operator support Asset management O&M advisory Power system studies Generator testing
Telecoms and networking SCADA / EMS Substation automation Generation automation DMS and GMS Smart grid
HVDC technology reviews System & engineering studies Feasibility & conceptual design Control & runback systems Construction cost estimation EPC spec preparation & FEED Procurement, construction and
commissioning support O&M procedures & supports
SMART TECHNOLOGY & EMERGING MARKETS
Technology is enabling new market formations that align with market drivers: Renewable energy Energy storage Distributed energy resources Microgrids Communications, security, Operations Technology Data management
TWO EMERGING MARKETS
California Distributed Energy Resource Providers (DERP) New York Distributed System Platform (DSP)
CALIFORNIA MARKET INITIATIVES
Integrate Distributed Energy Resource Providers (DERP) by 2016 possible Solar Storage EVs Demand Response
Simplified metering and interconnection Aggregated into minimum 0.5MW Each DERP provides one meter point to the CAISO and uses the internet
for aggregation Pnodes (4900 currently) and LAPs
Energy only, does not include ancillary services
DERPs can be concentrated to a single Pnode or across many Cap DERP to 20 MWs maximum All resources move in a single dispatch direction up or down i.e.
Batteries cant be charging while other discharge DERPs can not mix different resource types if they span multiple
Pnodes CAISOs model can not determine congestion relief for many different
resources simultaneously due to complexity in determining: Shift factors Generation distribution factors Load distribution factors
CAISO ZONES/REGIONS FOR DERP
DERPs can not cross sub LAP regions to avoid dispatch on the wrong side of a constraint
DER OVERVIEW DIAGRAM
NODAL PRICING IN CALIFORNIA
NEW YORK REV - ENHANCED DISTRIBUTION PLANNING
Enhancements to traditional distribution system planning to better integrate DERs into the distribution system and improve coordination between distribution systems
Planning and transmission planning activities in the state.
Distribution Planning Working Group to immediately commence work to develop uniform methods for each utility to:
inventory distribution system data that can be provided to market actors calculate distribution hosting capacity and the locational value of DER ensure the process is open and transparent integrate distribution and transmission planning.
NEW YORK REV - EXPANDED DISTRIBUTION GRID OPERATIONS
Expanded distribution grid operations to better optimize load, supply and other power parameters at the local distribution level.
These enhancements will enable the orchestration of multi-directional power flows resulting from increased DER penetration as the market matures, improved cyber-security, and improved load and network monitoring and visibility to aid in situational awareness and rapid response to atypical events.
NEW YORK REV - DISTRIBUTION MARKET OPERATIONS
A core function of the Distributed System Platform (DSP) is to develop and implement vibrant markets for distribution system products and services.
DSP responsibilities in the areas of market operations can broadly be categorized as managing market operations and processes, and administering markets.
Specific functions include identifying the standardized products to be transacted and the associated
market rules with stakeholder and Commission involvement maintaining an awareness of DERs system-wide, designing and conducting RFPs or auctions to acquire DERs facilitating and processing market transactions, and measuring and verifying
NEW YORK REV TARGETS
By 2030 40% reduction in GHG from 1990 levels 50% of generation from renewable energy sources 23% decrease in energy consumption in buildings from 2012
NEW YORK REV WHAT ABOUT THE NYISO?
The DSP should also facilitate retail interactions with the wholesale market, in addition to operation of retail DER markets
Retail and wholesale operations should be coordinated to optimize system efficiency and full realization of the values of DER
Additional coordination might be needed between the NYISO and the DSP
The DSP market structure, products, and basic market sourcing methods, should complement and not replicate existing NYISO wholesale markets
NEW YORK REV TIMING
Stage 1: 0-5 years 2 years of planning and demonstration to support the market,
consumer engagement and private investment 3 years to grow the market, increase integration of DER into DSP
planning and operations as well as bulk power system Stage 2: 5+ years
Continued market evolution
Technology is a key enabling factor for emerging markets Ubiquitous communications Low cost distributed energy resources Improved system planning tools Internet of Things (IoT) cross over to the electricity grid Consumer engagement through interconnected devices Electric Vehicles Batteries
Smart Technology enabling markets in north americaPSC OverviewPSC OverviewBusiness AreasSmart Technology & Emerging MarketsTwo Emerging MarketsCalifornia Market InitiativesChallengesCAISO Zones/Regions for DERPDER Overview diagramNodal pricing in CaliforniaNew York REV - Enhanced Distribution Planning New York REV - Expanded Distribution Grid Operations New York REV - Distribution Market Operations New York REV targetsNew York REV What about the NYISO?New York REV TimingConclusionSlide Number 19